Ramacandra, Rāmacandra, Rama-candra: 19 definitions


Ramacandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ramachandra.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—Son of Puramjaya; and father of Dharmavarmā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 56.
Source: WikiPedia: Puranas

Rāmacandra (Ramachandra) or Candramsha refers to one of the Naga-kings who ruled Vaidisha (the kingdom of Vidisha).—The Naga dynasty of Vidisha in central India is known from the Puranas, and probably ruled in the first century BCE. [...] According to the Puranas, the following Naga kings ruled Vaidisha (kingdom of Vidisha): [...] (2). Sada-chandra alias Chandramsha (Candrāṃśa) or Vama-chandra (Rama-chandra in the Vishnu Purana)—He is described as the second Nakhavant (according to one theory, this word is a variation of "Nakhapana", and refers to the Kshatrapa ruler Nahapana). [...] After mentioning these kings of Vidisha, the Puranas refer to the king Shishu-nandi (Śiśunandi) and his descendants, who ruled after the decline of the Shunga dynasty.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—रामचन्द्राचार्य (rāmacandrācārya) (son of कृष्णाचार्य (kṛṣṇācārya)) the well-known author of the Prakriyakaumudi. He belonged to the Sesa family and the latter half of the fifteenth century is assigned as his date. He is believed to have been a resident of Andhra. His work, the Prakriyakaumudi, was a popular grammar treatise for some time before Bhattoji's Siddhanta-Kaumudi got its hold, and it had a number of commentaries written upon it especially by his descendants and members of his family which became well-known as the Sesa family of grammarians. The Prakriyakaumudi is named कृष्णर्कि-करप्राक्रिया (kṛṣṇarki-karaprākriyā) also.

2) Rāmacandra.—There was a grammarian named Ramacandra who wrote a small treatise on grammar named विदग्धबोध (vidagdhabodha).

3) Rāmacandra.—There was another grammarian of the same name who was a pupil of Nagesabhatta of the eighteenth century and who wrote a small commentary called वृतिसंग्रह (vṛtisaṃgraha) on Panini's Astadhyayi.

4) Rāmacandra.—There was also another Ramacandra who was a scholar of Vedic grammar and who wrote the commentary named ज्योत्स्ना (jyotsnā) on the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) is one of the authors of Sanskrit prosody that have enriched the Sanskrit literature through their various interpretations.—Rāmacandra also advocates the necessity of the prosodic knowledge by the knower of the kāvya as he says: ‘If a kāvya does not possess proper metrical application, it becomes the subject of criticism. Hence the lakṣaṇa of the metres should always be acquired’.

2) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र), son of Arjuna, is the father of Harivyāsamiśra (C. 1574 C.E.): the composer of the text Vṛttamuktāvalī. Harivyāsa belongs to Ṣanāḍhya family and he was the son of Rāmacandra, grandson of Arjuna and great grandson of Keśava. His grandfather is described as a mine of good qualities, a great devotee of Viṣṇu and well adorned among scholars.

3) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) or Rāmacandra Paṇḍita (19th century) alias Rāma Śarman was the son of Siddheśvara Yogin. He belonged to Ātreyagotra and Kṛṣṇayajurveda. He mentions about this at the end of Vṛttābhirāma. Rāmacandra composed a commentary named Jyotsnā on Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya in 1817 C.E. and Vṛttābhirāma in 1824 C.E.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) or Rāmacandrāvatāra (also known as Raghurāma) refers to one the “ten incarnations of Lord Viṣṇu”, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The hand gestures for the daśāvatāra in dancing and iconography are similar in some cases and dissimilar in most of the cases. For depicting the rāmacandra-avatāra hasta, the right hand assumes kapittha-hasta and the left hand is held upwards as śikhara-hasta. This pose is the same in the images also where Rāma is found with the right hand holding the arrow in kaṭaka-hasta and the left hand holding the bow in śikhara-hasta.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) refers to:—Incarnation of the Supreme lord and the establisher of pure dharma, or religious principles. rātri–night. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) refers to:—(or Rāma) A līlā-avatāra, or pastime avatāra, of Śrī Kṛṣṇa; also known as Rāmacandra, Raghunātha, Dāśarathi-Rāma, and Rāghava-Rāma. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) is the author of the Tattvabinduyoga, a 17th-century text dealing with Yoga.—(Birch 2014, 415, 434 note 71.)

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Jainism glossary
Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) or Rāmacandrakathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Rāmacandra-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rāmacandra (रामचंद्र).—m (S) Ramachandra, the seventh incarnation of Vishn̤u.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ramacandra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—Name of Rāma, son of Daśaratha.

Derivable forms: rāmacandraḥ (रामचन्द्रः).

Rāmacandra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rāma and candra (चन्द्र). See also (synonyms): rāmabhadra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—m.

(-ndraḥ) The hero Ramachandra, the son of Dasaratha. E. rāma and candra the moon, the moon-like Rama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—m. the second of the three renowned Rāmas, the son of Daśaratha, and hero of the Rāmāyaṇa. Śaraccandra, i. e.

Rāmacandra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rāma and candra (चन्द्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—[masculine] Rāma-moon, [Epithet] of Rāma & [Name] of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king of Ratnapura, patron of Rāmacandra Naimishastha (Kuṇḍākṛti 1450).

2) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—nephew of Mahādeva, king of Devagiri (1271 -1309), had Hemādri as his minister. See Rāmanātha.

3) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—father of Gaṅgādhara and Nārāyaṇa (Karkānugapadārthadīpikā). L. 1901.

4) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Jayarāma, grandson of Gaṅgārāma, father of Maṇirāma (Bhāminīvilāsaṭīkā 1802). Oxf. 130^b.

5) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—of the Tatsat family, father of Vaidyanātha (Śāstradīpikāprabhā 1710). W. p. 331. Hall. p. 174. 183.

6) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—and āyodhyaka rāmacandra quoted in Padyāmṛtataraṅgiṇī.

7) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Quoted by Maheśvara in
—[commentary] on Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāra.

8) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Aghavivecana.

9) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Arjunārcanakalpalatā. Arjunārcāpārijāta. Chinnamastāpārijāta. Tantracūḍāmaṇi. Tantrāmṛta. Puraścaraṇadīpikā. Subhagārcāratna.

10) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Avirodhaprakāśaṭīkā Mitabhāṣiṇī jy.

11) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Ānandalaharīṭīkā.

12) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Āryāvijñapti kāvya. Compare Rāmāryā.

13) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Īśāvāsyopaniṣadrahasyavivṛti.

14) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Kārtavīryadipadānavidhi.

15) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Kāvyaprakāśasāra.

16) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Kuṇḍodadhi.

17) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Kṛṣṇavijaya alaṃk.

18) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Grahaṇaprakāśikā jy.

19) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—of the Guha family: Cakradattanāmakagrantha. Rasapradīpa. Rasendracintāmaṇi.

20) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—pupil of Lakṣmīpati: Chandonāmavicāraṇā.

21) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Tithicūḍāmaṇikāmadhenu jy.

22) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Dharmādhvabodha.

23) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—pupil of Hemacandra: Nirbhayabhīma vyāyoga.

24) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—pupil of Ānandatīrtha: Paramapuruṣaprārthanāmañjarī.

25) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Praṇayāmṛtapañcāśaka.

26) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Pratiṣṭhāsāra.

27) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Bhaṭṭikāvyaṭīkā Vyākhyānanda.

28) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Bhartṛhariśatakaṭīkā.

29) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Bhojacampūvyākhyā.

30) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Mantramuktāvalī.

31) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Mārtaṇḍaśataka.

32) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—a Jaina: Raghuvilāpa nāṭaka.

33) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Rāmacandracatuḥsūtrī.

34) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Rāmāryā.

35) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Rukmiṇīpariṇaya nāṭaka. Sarasakavikulānanda bhāṇa.

36) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Vasantikā nāṭikā.

37) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—a pupil of Nāgojī: Vṛttisaṃgraha, a
—[commentary] on Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī. Io. 616.

38) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Veṅkaṭeśvaracāturbhadrika.

39) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Vaidyacintāmaṇi.

40) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Śabdārṇava, [grammatical]

41) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—
—[commentary] on Śṛṅgāratilakabhāṇa.

42) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Sāṃkhyasūtravṛtti.

43) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—(?): Siṃhāsanadvātriṃśat.

44) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—(?): Hanumadaṣṭaka.

45) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Kṛṣṇa, son of Nṛhari, son of Anantācārya, pupil of Gopāla, father of Nṛsiṃha, father of Viṭṭhala, father of Lakṣmīdhara, father of Ananta: Tithinirṇayasaṃgraha or Anantabhaṭṭadīpikā, an epitome of Anantopādhyāya’s Tithinirṇaya. Prakriyākaumudī. Vaiṣṇavasiddhāntadīpikā.

46) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Janārdana, grandson of Puruṣottama: Rādhāvinodakāvya and—[commentary].

47) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Nārāyaṇa: Smṛtisārasaṃgraharatnavyākhyā.

48) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Murāri Pāṭhaka: Rapratyāhāramaṇḍana [grammatical]

49) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—of Kolāhapura, son of Veṅkaṭa: Saṃkhyāmuṣṭyadhikaraṇākṣepa from his Adhikaraṇamālā.

50) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Siddheśvara Yogivara, composed in 1818: Jyotsnā, a
—[commentary] on the Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya. Pratijñāsūtraṭīkā, composed in 1817.

51) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Haṃsarāja: Kheṭabhūṣaṇa jy. Pāṭīlīlavatībhūṣaṇa. Yantrādhyāyavivṛti. Strījātaka.

52) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—guru of Mukunda Muni (Advaitajñānasarvasva etc.). Hall. p. 100. 111.

Rāmacandra has the following synonyms: Rāmanātha.

53) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Kṛṣṇa. add Kālanirṇayadīpikā.

54) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Viṭṭhala. delete ‘Kālanirṇayadīpikā or’.

55) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Sūryadāsa. Kuṇḍākṛti. read 1449.

56) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—father of Nārāyaṇa, father of Rāyabhaṭṭa (Rāmabhaṭṭa), father of Lakṣmīnātha (Piṅgalārthapradīpa 1600).

57) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—father of Meṅganātha (Nṛsiṃhārādhanamālā).

58) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—author of the Rukmiṇīpariṇaya. See Rāmavarman.

59) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Vṛttābhirāma.

60) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—of the Svabhūvaṃśa, continued the Svadharmāvabodha of Nimbārka. Io. 556.

61) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Nāgojī Bhaṭṭa: Siddhāntakaumudīsvaraprakriyāvyākhyā.

62) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Pāṇḍuraṅga: Śivapūjāsūtravyākhyāna.

63) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Mahādeva: Cāturmāsyapaddhati.

64) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Prabhākara, wrote by order of Indrasiṃha, king of Gauḍa: Rājendrakośa or Indrakośa med.

65) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Kṛṣṇa, grandson of Rāmacandra: Ramalaśāstra.

Rāmacandra has the following synonyms: Rāma.

66) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—king of Orissa: Durgotsavacandrikā.

67) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Nāṭyadarpaṇa.

68) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Nirṇayāmṛta.

69) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Bhairavadīpadānavidhi.

70) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—pupil of Hemacandra: Raghuvilāsa nāṭaka. The same wrote: Dravyālaṃkāra, and the plays Rāghavābhyudaya, Yādavābhyudaya, Nalavilāsa. Peters. 5 p. 145.

71) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—wrote by behest of Vīrasiṃha: Rādhācarita.

72) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Śāradārcāprayoga.

73) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—Śrīsūktabhāṣya.

74) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Viśvanātha: Āryāvijñapti.

75) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Viśvanātha: Kriyākośa [grammatical]

76) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—son of Harihara, of the Kāñji family: Kalāpatattvabodhinī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—[=rāma-candra] [from rāma] m. ‘R°s-moon’, Name of the principal Rāma called Dāśarathi, as son of Daśa-ratha, and Rāghava, as descended from Raghu (although the affix candra seems to connect him with the moon, he is not, like Kṛṣṇa and Bala-rāma, of the lunar but of the solar race of kings; he forms the 7th Avatāra of Viṣṇu and is the hero of the Rāmāyaṇa, who, to recover his faithful wife Sītā, advanced southwards, killed the demon Rāvaṇa and subjugated his followers the Rākṣasas, the poetical representatives of the barbarous aborigines of the south), [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 330; Religious Thought and Life in India 110])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of various kings and authors etc. (also with ācārya, kavi, kṣiti-pati, cakra-vartin, daṇḍin, dīkṣīta, naimiṣa-stha or vājapeyin, nyāya-vāg-īśa, parama-haṃsa, pāṭhaka, bhaṭṭa, bhaṭṭācārya, bhārgava, bhiṣaj, miśra, yajvan, yatīśvara, vācas-pati, śāstrin, sārasvatī, siddha etc.), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र):—[rāma-candra] (ndraḥ) 1. m. Rāṃchandra the second incarnation of Vishnu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ramacandra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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