Ram, Raṃ: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ram means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Exploring Mantric Ayurveda

Raṃ; the seed-syllable for fire. Raṃ is a Pitta increasing mantra.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of ram in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ram (रम्).—Augment र (ra) inserted after the vowel अ (a) of the root भ्रस्ज् (bhrasj), when the letter र् (r) which is already present in भ्ररुज् (bhraruj) (before अ) and the penultimate स् (s) are dropped; the result is that the word भर्ज् (bharj), in short, becomes substituted in the place of भ्रस्ज्ः (bhrasjḥ) cf. भ्रस्जो रोपधयो रमन्यतरस्याम् (bhrasjo ropadhayo ramanyatarasyām) P.VI. 4.47, and भ्रस्जो रोपधयोर्लोप आगमो रम् विधीयते (bhrasjo ropadhayorlopa āgamo ram vidhīyate) as Bharadvajiya Varttika thereon.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of ram in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

“Raṃ” is the bīja-mantra for agni or tejas, (“fire”).

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad Imit. of the sound of cloth splitting and bursting and tear- ing with close reiteration.

--- OR ---

rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad pharārāṃ ad Imitative sound.

--- OR ---

rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad Imit. of the sound of snorting &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ram in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—[(au, u) auramu] r. 1st. cl. (ramate) 1. To sport or play. 2. To rest, to stay. 3. To be pleased. 4. To have sexual intercourse with. With abhi, To be delighted. With some prefixes this root forms an active verb, as with āṅ, upa and vi; āramati to rest, to repose, &c.; with upa the form is optional, if the sense is intransitive, as (uparamati or te) 1. To stop or cease. 2. To desist from. 3. To die. Caus. (ramayati-te) To amuse, to please.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (in poetry also [Parasmaipada.], [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 223), in the Veda also ii. 9, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To rest, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 251; to like to stay, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 128. 2. To be delighted, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 429; to rejoice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 50; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 19, 1 (raṃsyate bhavatā, impers. pass. You will be glad), 70, 21. 3. To rejoice at, with loc., [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 5 (to be in love); with instr., Mahābhārata 3, 58. 4. To have sexual intercourse with (instr.), [Hitopadeśa] 66, 7. 5. To sport, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 6, 15. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. rata. 1. Beloved, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 53. 2. Intent on, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 235 (with loc.); occupied, [Pañcatantra] 27, 9. 3. Inclined, [Pañcatantra] 203, 2. 4. Satisfied, [Pañcatantra] 228, 10. n. 1. Coition, copulation, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 224. 2. A private part. Comp. Deva-, adj. devout, [Pañcatantra] 118, 22. Nirmāṇa-, m. the name of a class of deities, Mahābhārata 13, 1372. Su-, I. adj. 1. playing, playful. 2. compassionate, tender. Ii. n. 1. coition, [Hitopadeśa] iii. 27. 2. sexual intercourse, love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 1. Vara-su-, adj. very wanton, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 64. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. I. rantavya, To be rejoiced at, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 62, 22. Ii. rama- ṇīya, Pleasing, agreeable, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 37, 10; [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 73 (āpāta-, in the beginning); beautiful, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 65, 18 (vi- śeṣa-, most beautiful). Iii. ramya. 1. The same, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 2. 2. m. The champaca, Michelia Champaca. 3. f. . a. Night. b. The name of a river. 4. n. Semen virile. Comp. Nis-ātapatra-, adj. needing no parasol, i. e. cool, and therefore charming, a Karmadhāraya compound, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 73. [Causal.] ramaya, 1. To exhilarate, Mahābhārata 2, 305. 2. To be delighted, to rejoice, Mahābhārata 3, 11379.

— With the prep. anu anu, anurata, 1. Fond of, attached to. 2. Beloved.

— With abhi abhi, To be delighted, to rejoice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 27, 18. abhirata, 1. Intent upon, Chr. 14, 26. 2. Pleased with. 3. Engaged in, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 39. 4. Practising.

— With ava ava, avarata, Stopped, ceased. Comp. An-, adj. uninterrupted, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 216, 21. ºtam, adv. without stopping, [Pañcatantra] 93, 15; incessantly, [Pañcatantra] 145, 14.

— With ā ā, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To repose, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 3, 38. 2. To cease, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 73. 3. To take pleasure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 175. anata, Ceased, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 6.

— With upā upa-ā, 1. To repose, Mahābhārata 1, 6035. 2. To cease, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 3 (Calc.). 3. To rejoice, to dally, Mahābhārata 1, 4183.

— With upa upa, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To cease, Chr. 30, 39; with the ptcple. of the pres. in the sense of the infin., [Pañcatantra] 53, 19 (mṛgaśaśakādin vyāpādayan nopa rarāma, He did not cease killing deer, hares, etc.). 2. To desist from, with abl., [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 12. uparata, 1. Stopped, ceased. 2. Having ceased, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 66. 3. Having desisted from, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 2, 35. 4. Dead, [Pañcatantra] 98, 3 (he breathed out his last).

— With vyupa vi-upa, vyuparata, Interrupted, stopped, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 2.

— With ni ni, nirata, 1. Pleased, satisfied, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 45. 2. Attached to (with loc.), loving, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 57, 5; faithful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 18. 3. Engaged in, practising, [Nala] 6, 10 (a-hiṃsā-, benevolence).

— With pari pari, [Parasmaipada.] To be delighted, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 8, 53.

— With vi vi, 1. To cease, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 17, 6; with the ptcple. of the pres. in the sense of the infin., [Pañcatantra] 93, 16. 2. To desist, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 97. 3. To cease from, desist from (with abl.), [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 39; [Pañcatantra] 161, 1. virata, Stopped, ceased, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 12. Comp. A-, adj. 1. uninterrupted, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 6. 2. eternal.

— With sam sam, To rejoice, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 19, 30.

— Cf. [Old High German.] rāwa, ruowa (i. e. *ram + van, cf. acc. sing. ruouun), rāwên ([denominative.]), resti, rastjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] rest, restan;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—ramate ramati ramṇāti [participle] rate (q.v.) tr. stop, fix, settle; gladden, delight, enjoy ([especially] carnally); [intransitive] stop, rest, stay gladly with ([locative] or [dative]); delight in, be pleased with or to ([locative], [instrumental], or infin.); be happy or content; dally or have sexual intercourse with ([instrumental] ±samam, saha, sākam, or sārdham). [Causative] ramayati or rāmayati = [Simple] [transitive]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ram (रम्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xx, 23]) ramate ([Vedic or Veda] also [Parasmaipada] ramati or ramṇāti [perfect tense] rarāma, [Mahābhārata]; reme, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [Aorist] 3. [plural] ranta, [Ṛg-veda]; araṃsīt, [Kāvya literature]; araṃsta, [Ṛg-veda]; raṃsiṣam, [Sāma-veda]; [future] rantā [grammar]; raṃsyati, [Brāhmaṇa]; te, [ib.] etc.; [infinitive mood] ramitum, [Mahābhārata]; rantum, [ib.] etc.; rantos, [Brāhmaṇa]; [indeclinable participle] ratvā, [ib.]; rantvā, [Kāvya literature]; -ramya or -ratya, [Pāṇini 6-4, 38]),

—to stop, stay, make fast, calm, set at rest ([Parasmaipada]; [especially] [present tense] ramṇāti), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];—([Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada]) to delight, make happy, enjoy carnally, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Śukasaptati];

— ([Ātmanepada]) to stand still, rest, abide, like to stay with ([locative case] or [dative case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;—([Ātmanepada]; [Parasmaipada] only mc.)

—to be glad or pleased, rejoice at, delight in, be fond of ([locative case] [instrumental case] or [infinitive mood]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to play or sport, dally, have sexual intercourse with ([instrumental case] with or without samam, saha, sākam or sārdham), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to couple (said of deer), [Pāṇini 3-1, 26], [vArttika] 8, [Patañjali] (cf. [Causal]);

—to play with id est. put to stake ([instrumental case]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Causal] ramayati or rāmayati ([Aorist] arīramat), to cause to stay, stop, set at rest, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra];

— (ramayati, mc. also te) to gladden, delight, please, caress, enjoy carnally, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (3. sg. ramayati-tarām, [Ratnāvalī iii, 9]);

—to enjoy one’s self, be pleased or delighted, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];—mṛgān ramayati, he tells that the deer are coupling, [Pāṇini 3-1, 26], [vArttika] 8, [Patañjali] :—[Desiderative] in riraṃsā, su q.v.:—[Desiderative] of [Causal] in riramayiṣu q.v.: Intesis. raṃramyate or raṃramīti[Pāṇini 7-4, 85.]

2) cf. [Zend] ram, [Greek] ἠρέμα, ἔραμαι, ἐρατός; [Lithuanian] rimti; [Gothic] rimis.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ram in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: