Ram, Rāṃ, Raṃ: 17 definitions


Ram means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Exploring Mantric Ayurveda

Raṃ; the seed-syllable for fire. Raṃ is a Pitta increasing mantra.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ram (रम्).—Augment र (ra) inserted after the vowel अ (a) of the root भ्रस्ज् (bhrasj), when the letter र् (r) which is already present in भ्ररुज् (bhraruj) (before अ) and the penultimate स् (s) are dropped; the result is that the word भर्ज् (bharj), in short, becomes substituted in the place of भ्रस्ज्ः (bhrasjḥ) cf. भ्रस्जो रोपधयो रमन्यतरस्याम् (bhrasjo ropadhayo ramanyatarasyām) P.VI. 4.47, and भ्रस्जो रोपधयोर्लोप आगमो रम् विधीयते (bhrasjo ropadhayorlopa āgamo ram vidhīyate) as Bharadvajiya Varttika thereon.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

“Raṃ” is the bīja-mantra for agni or tejas, (“fire”).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Rāṃ (रां) is the bīja associated with Rāmeśvarī, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Kharvarī and Amitābha:

Circle: kāyacakra (mind-wheel) (blue);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Kharvarī;
Ḍāka (male consort): Amitābha;
Bīja: rāṃ;
Body-part: glabella;
Pīṭha: Rāmeśvarī;
Bodily constituent: asthīni (bones);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): vīryendriya (faculty of effort).

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

The Ram is associated with the Yoginī (female deity) named Bheḍī, being situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Bheḍī] and Vīras are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names [e.g., Ram]; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: A translation of Jhaverchand Meghanis non translated folk tales

Ram refers to “A Hindu god, the son of the king Dasratha and husband of Sati Sita”.—It is defined in the glossary attached to the study dealing with Gujarat Folk tales composed by Gujarati poet Jhaverchand Meghani (1896-1947)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Rams were commonly depicted on the Saṃsāracakra paintings (representing scenes of human life), in ancient India, as mentioned in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 185.21 f.: Here follows a description of a printed scroll illustrating the Jaina conception of saṃsāracakra. [...] The saṃsāra-cakra illustrated the three worlds of hell, human world and the world of gods. [For example:] A young boy amusing himself with the fight of cocks, male parrots, rams; a young man enjoying the company of young girls and maidens.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad Imit. of the sound of cloth splitting and bursting and tear- ing with close reiteration.

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rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad pharārāṃ ad Imitative sound.

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rāṃ (रां).—or-rāṃ ad Imit. of the sound of snorting &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—[(au, u) auramu] r. 1st. cl. (ramate) 1. To sport or play. 2. To rest, to stay. 3. To be pleased. 4. To have sexual intercourse with. With abhi, To be delighted. With some prefixes this root forms an active verb, as with āṅ, upa and vi; āramati to rest, to repose, &c.; with upa the form is optional, if the sense is intransitive, as (uparamati or te) 1. To stop or cease. 2. To desist from. 3. To die. Caus. (ramayati-te) To amuse, to please.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (in poetry also [Parasmaipada.], [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 223), in the Veda also ii. 9, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To rest, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 251; to like to stay, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 128. 2. To be delighted, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 429; to rejoice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 34, 50; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 19, 1 (raṃsyate bhavatā, impers. pass. You will be glad), 70, 21. 3. To rejoice at, with loc., [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 5 (to be in love); with instr., Mahābhārata 3, 58. 4. To have sexual intercourse with (instr.), [Hitopadeśa] 66, 7. 5. To sport, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 6, 15. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. rata. 1. Beloved, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 53. 2. Intent on, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 235 (with loc.); occupied, [Pañcatantra] 27, 9. 3. Inclined, [Pañcatantra] 203, 2. 4. Satisfied, [Pañcatantra] 228, 10. n. 1. Coition, copulation, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 224. 2. A private part. Comp. Deva-, adj. devout, [Pañcatantra] 118, 22. Nirmāṇa-, m. the name of a class of deities, Mahābhārata 13, 1372. Su-, I. adj. 1. playing, playful. 2. compassionate, tender. Ii. n. 1. coition, [Hitopadeśa] iii. 27. 2. sexual intercourse, love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 1. Vara-su-, adj. very wanton, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 64. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. I. rantavya, To be rejoiced at, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 62, 22. Ii. rama- ṇīya, Pleasing, agreeable, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 37, 10; [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 73 (āpāta-, in the beginning); beautiful, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 65, 18 (vi- śeṣa-, most beautiful). Iii. ramya. 1. The same, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 2. 2. m. The champaca, Michelia Champaca. 3. f. . a. Night. b. The name of a river. 4. n. Semen virile. Comp. Nis-ātapatra-, adj. needing no parasol, i. e. cool, and therefore charming, a Karmadhāraya compound, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 73. [Causal.] ramaya, 1. To exhilarate, Mahābhārata 2, 305. 2. To be delighted, to rejoice, Mahābhārata 3, 11379.

— With the prep. anu anu, anurata, 1. Fond of, attached to. 2. Beloved.

— With abhi abhi, To be delighted, to rejoice, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 27, 18. abhirata, 1. Intent upon, Chr. 14, 26. 2. Pleased with. 3. Engaged in, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 39. 4. Practising.

— With ava ava, avarata, Stopped, ceased. Comp. An-, adj. uninterrupted, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 216, 21. ºtam, adv. without stopping, [Pañcatantra] 93, 15; incessantly, [Pañcatantra] 145, 14.

— With ā ā, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To repose, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 3, 38. 2. To cease, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 73. 3. To take pleasure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 175. anata, Ceased, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 6.

— With upā upa-ā, 1. To repose, Mahābhārata 1, 6035. 2. To cease, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 3 (Calc.). 3. To rejoice, to dally, Mahābhārata 1, 4183.

— With upa upa, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] 1. To cease, Chr. 30, 39; with the ptcple. of the pres. in the sense of the infin., [Pañcatantra] 53, 19 (mṛgaśaśakādin vyāpādayan nopa rarāma, He did not cease killing deer, hares, etc.). 2. To desist from, with abl., [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 181, 12. uparata, 1. Stopped, ceased. 2. Having ceased, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 66. 3. Having desisted from, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 2, 35. 4. Dead, [Pañcatantra] 98, 3 (he breathed out his last).

— With vyupa vi-upa, vyuparata, Interrupted, stopped, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 2.

— With ni ni, nirata, 1. Pleased, satisfied, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 45. 2. Attached to (with loc.), loving, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 57, 5; faithful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 48, 18. 3. Engaged in, practising, [Nala] 6, 10 (a-hiṃsā-, benevolence).

— With pari pari, [Parasmaipada.] To be delighted, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 8, 53.

— With vi vi, 1. To cease, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 17, 6; with the ptcple. of the pres. in the sense of the infin., [Pañcatantra] 93, 16. 2. To desist, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 97. 3. To cease from, desist from (with abl.), [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 39; [Pañcatantra] 161, 1. virata, Stopped, ceased, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 12. Comp. A-, adj. 1. uninterrupted, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 6. 2. eternal.

— With sam sam, To rejoice, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 19, 30.

— Cf. [Old High German.] rāwa, ruowa (i. e. *ram + van, cf. acc. sing. ruouun), rāwên ([denominative.]), resti, rastjan; [Anglo-Saxon.] rest, restan;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्).—ramate ramati ramṇāti [participle] rate (q.v.) tr. stop, fix, settle; gladden, delight, enjoy ([especially] carnally); [intransitive] stop, rest, stay gladly with ([locative] or [dative]); delight in, be pleased with or to ([locative], [instrumental], or infin.); be happy or content; dally or have sexual intercourse with ([instrumental] ±samam, saha, sākam, or sārdham). [Causative] ramayati or rāmayati = [Simple] [transitive]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ram (रम्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xx, 23]) ramate ([Vedic or Veda] also [Parasmaipada] ramati or ramṇāti [perfect tense] rarāma, [Mahābhārata]; reme, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [Aorist] 3. [plural] ranta, [Ṛg-veda]; araṃsīt, [Kāvya literature]; araṃsta, [Ṛg-veda]; raṃsiṣam, [Sāma-veda]; [future] rantā [grammar]; raṃsyati, [Brāhmaṇa]; te, [ib.] etc.; [infinitive mood] ramitum, [Mahābhārata]; rantum, [ib.] etc.; rantos, [Brāhmaṇa]; [indeclinable participle] ratvā, [ib.]; rantvā, [Kāvya literature]; -ramya or -ratya, [Pāṇini 6-4, 38]),

—to stop, stay, make fast, calm, set at rest ([Parasmaipada]; [especially] [present tense] ramṇāti), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];—([Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada]) to delight, make happy, enjoy carnally, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Śukasaptati];

— ([Ātmanepada]) to stand still, rest, abide, like to stay with ([locative case] or [dative case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;—([Ātmanepada]; [Parasmaipada] only mc.)

—to be glad or pleased, rejoice at, delight in, be fond of ([locative case] [instrumental case] or [infinitive mood]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to play or sport, dally, have sexual intercourse with ([instrumental case] with or without samam, saha, sākam or sārdham), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to couple (said of deer), [Pāṇini 3-1, 26], [vArttika] 8, [Patañjali] (cf. [Causal]);

—to play with id est. put to stake ([instrumental case]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Causal] ramayati or rāmayati ([Aorist] arīramat), to cause to stay, stop, set at rest, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra];

— (ramayati, mc. also te) to gladden, delight, please, caress, enjoy carnally, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (3. sg. ramayati-tarām, [Ratnāvalī iii, 9]);

—to enjoy one’s self, be pleased or delighted, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa];—mṛgān ramayati, he tells that the deer are coupling, [Pāṇini 3-1, 26], [vArttika] 8, [Patañjali] :—[Desiderative] in riraṃsā, su q.v.:—[Desiderative] of [Causal] in riramayiṣu q.v.: Intesis. raṃramyate or raṃramīti[Pāṇini 7-4, 85.]

2) cf. [Zend] ram, [Greek] ἠρέμα, ἔραμαι, ἐρατός; [Lithuanian] rimti; [Gothic] rimis.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ram (रम्):—(ṅa, au, u) ramate 1. d. To sport, play. With ā, upa or vi to rest, stop.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ram (रम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ubbhāva, Kilikiṃca, Koṭaṭuma, Kheḍḍa, Ṇisara, Moṭṭāya, Rama, Vella, Saṃkhuḍḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ram in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ram in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) Ramchandra-the greatest of the ancient Indian kings of Solar dynasty and the hero of the great Indian epic—Ramayan; God, an incarnation of Vishnu; ~[kahani] a tale of woe; long narration of events of one’s own life; ~[dhama] the abode of Ram—Ayodhya:; the paradise; ~[navami] the birthday of Ram-the ninth day of the bright fortnight of [caita; ~nami] an overall cover cloth with the name of Ram written all over; ~[bana] a panacea, an unfailing remedy, sure cure; ~[raja] yellow ochre; ~[rasa] salt; ~[rajya] the rule of Ram—golden rule; just, equitable and ideal, rule; Utopia; -[rama] a form of mutual salutation; Good God!, an interjectional utterance expressive of hate, surprise, indignation, etc.; •[karake/0 kahakara] somehow, with great difficulty; ~[lila] a celebration involving enactment of the exploits and adventures of Ram; -[ka nama lo] Think of Heavens ! What do you talk ! It's just absurd; -[jane] God (alone) knows; -[nama satya hai] lit. the name of God alone is true—a saying repeatedly chanted during a Hindu funeral procession; —[bharose chodana] to let things go as they may, a hostage to fortune; —[bharose jo rahe mara sake na koya] what God will, no frost can kill; —[rama japana paraya mala apana] a robber in a saint’s garb..—ram (राम) is alternatively transliterated as Rāma.

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