Raktika, aka: Raktikā; 7 Definition(s)
Raktika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Raktikā (रक्तिका):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for solidifying mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Raktikā (रक्तिका) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to the weight of a single Guñjā-seed (roughly corresponding to 1/8th of a gram), according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam (classic treatise on Āyurvedic literature). You need a 8 Raktikā units to make a single Māṣa unit (1 Māṣa equals 1 gram).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Raktikā (रक्तिका) is another name for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicinal plants identified with Abrus precatorius (Indian licorice or rosary pea) from the Fabaceae or “legume family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.113-116 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Raktikā and Raktaguñjā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Raktikā (रक्तिका) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Raktikā has a frequency of 290.6951Hz. It is also known as Ratikā.Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
India history and geogprahy
Raktikā.—(IA 27), same as ratī or guñjā (q. v.); a unit of measurment; about 1-825 grains or 119 grammes in weight. Note: raktikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Raktikā.—modern rati; a little above 1(3/4) grains. Note: raktikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Raktikā (रक्तिका).—The Gunja plant of its seed used as a weight.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kā) 1. A plant, (Abrus precatorious.) 2. The seed of the Abrus precatorious used as a weight, or a fictitious weight denominated from the seeds originally so used; the seed weighs about ene and five-sixteenth troy grains, the artificial Ratti or Raktika should be double that weight, but in common use it averages nearly two grains and a quarter. E. rakta red, kan aff., fem. form.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 18 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Ratī (रती) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Rati forms one of t...
Māsa (मास) refers to “black gram”, which is given to the priest in the Prājāpatya ceremony, acc...
1) Pala (पल) refers to a unit of time-measurement, consisting of 6 niśvāsas (respirations), acc...
Śruti (श्रुति).—f. (-tiḥ) 1. The Vedas, severally or collectively, scripture, holy writ. 2. An ...
Droṇa (द्रोण).—mn. (-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. A measure of capacity, the same as an Ad'haka: see āḍhaka. 2. ...
Guñjā (गुञ्जा) refers to the berry, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the grea...
Māna (मान) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Mānacinta forms one...
Kārṣa (कार्ष).—m. (Sanskrit Gr.), plowman: Divy 463.8 (prose) (pañca) kārṣa-śatāny, probably er...
Tulā (तुला).—f. (-lā) 1. Measure by weight. 2. A measure or weight of gold and silver, 100 Pala...
Prastha (प्रस्थ) refers to a unit for measurement of weight, corresponding to sixteen pala...
Śarava (शरव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A lid, a cover.--- OR --- Śarāva (शराव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A lid...
Śukti (शुक्ति).—f. (-ktiḥ) 1. A pearl-oyster. 2. A conch. 3. A small shell. 4. A cockle. 5. A s...
Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parv...
Kuḍava (कुडव).—m. (-vaḥ) A measure of grain, wood, iron, &c. the fourth part of a Prast'ha,...
Āḍhaka (आढक).—A measure of grain, the 4th of a Droṇa = 64 Prasthas = 16 Kuḍavas = (nearly 7 lbs...
Search found 4 books and stories containing Raktika, Raktikā; (plurals include: Raktikas, Raktikās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Gautama Dharmasūtra (by Gautama)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.134 < [Section XXIII - Measures]
Verse 8.220 < [Section XXXVII - Breach of Contract]
Verse 8.131 < [Section XXIII - Measures]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)