Raktaksha, Raktākṣa, Rakta-aksha: 9 definitions

Introduction

Raktaksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Raktākṣa can be transliterated into English as Raktaksa or Raktaksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (R) next»] — Raktaksha in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94.

2) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94.

This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—An attendant on Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 41. 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (R) next»] — Raktaksha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष) is a minister of the owl-king named Avamarda, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... and he [Raktākṣa], being a discreet minister, said to him: ‘King [Avamarda], these ministers have done their best to ruin you by impolitic advice. Those who know policy place no confidence in the acts of an hereditary enemy. It is only a fool that, though he sees the fault, is satisfied with insincere flattery’...”.

2) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष) is the name of a Vidyādhara champion allied to Mandaradeva who marched in war against Naravāhanadatta, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 109. Accordingly, “... and the kings of Mandaradeva’s party, Kāñcanadaṃṣṭra, Aśokaka, Raktākṣa, Kālajihva and the others, submitted to the sway of Naravāhanadatta”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Raktākṣa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Raktaksha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—a (S) Of red eyes--a horse &c. 2 Blood-colored or reddish;--used of pearls, rudrākṣa &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Raktaksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—a.

1) red-eyed.

2) fearful. (-kṣaḥ) 1 a buffalo.

2) a pigeon.

3) a crane (sārasa).

4) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara).

5) the Chakora bird.

Raktākṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rakta and akṣa (अक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—n. of a heretical ascetic: Divy 151.25 ff. (See also s.v. Tārākṣa.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष).—mfn. (-kṣaḥ-kṣī-kṣa) Red-eyed. m.

(-kṣaḥ) 1. A buffalo. 2. A pigeon. 3. The Greek partridge, (Perdix rufa.) “cakore. 4. A tyrant, a savage, a barbarous or cruel man. 5. The Indian crane. E. rakta red, akṣi the eye, aff. ṣa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raktākṣa (रक्ताक्ष):—[from rakta > raj] mf(ī)n. red-eyed, having red or blood-shot eyes, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (-tā f., [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya])

2) [v.s. ...] fearful, dreadful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Perdix Rufa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the Indian crane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as Amarasiṃha, Halāyudha, Hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a sorcerer, [Buddhist literature]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the minister of an owl-king, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of the fifty-eighth year in a Jupiter’s cycle of sixty years, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (also kṣi m. or kṣin m., [Catalogue(s)])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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