Rakshasi, aka: Rakṣasī, Rākṣasī, Rakshashi; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rakshasi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Rakṣasī and Rākṣasī can be transliterated into English as Raksasi or Rakshasi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Rakshasi in Shaivism glossaries]

Rākṣasī (राक्षसी):—Fourth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Khecarī, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Rākṣasī, represent the eight directions of the compass (from east to north-east) and are presided over by the Bhairava Saṃvarta and his consort Rudrāṇī. Khecarī is the first of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the element ether or space.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana

[Rakshasi in Purana glossaries]

Rākṣasī (राक्षसी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Rākṣasī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Rākṣasī (राक्षसी).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 16.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

(Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[Rakshasi in Tibetan Buddhism glossaries]

Rakṣasī (रक्षसी):—One of the six ‘Queens of Yoga’ projecting the rites of enrichment—The blackish tiger-headed Rakṣasī, (meaning a ‘cannibal demon’) drinking from a kapāla guards the southern petal. Rakṣasī directs the most refined manasic attributes of this piṅgalā line to be integrated with the pranas of the Base of Spine and Sacral centres.

The tiger represents the saṃskāras of strong passions that are well hidden in the jungles of desires, and which can spring out at any moment to overwhelm the individual. Such passions are eventually transformed into the ambrosial bodhicitta contained in the skull cup, signifying the mastery of all aspects of human relationships and sexual union. The (kundalinī) potency veiled by the Base of Spine centre will then be conveyed into the entire Earthy circulation of the Gonad centres. Until then the cup contains the intoxicating liquor of infatuation with the pleasure of the gratifications of the form and loving relationships, which the tiger stalks at first. Later he yogically seeks out the inner Fire of the psychic heat.

(Source): Google Books: An Esoteric Exposition of the Bardo Thodol Part A
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Rakshasi in Marathi glossaries]

rākṣaśī (राक्षशी).—f & a Properly rākṣasī.

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rākṣasī (राक्षसी).—f (S) pop. rākṣasīṇa f A female rākṣasa. rākṣasaṇī pīṭha kāṇḍitāta gharāmadhyēṃ -rānāmadhyēṃ -tēthēṃ A phrase expressive of extreme desolation. Is. xiii. 21.

--- OR ---

rākṣasī (राक्षसी).—a (rākṣasa) Relating to a Rakshas. 2 fig. Outrageous, atrocious, daring, desperate--actions: violent, harsh, rough--remedies: gross, unseemly, enormous--food, eating; forming such compounds as rākṣasī kṛtya-karaṇī-khāṇēṃ-bhāṣaṇa-ghōḍā-bāga- mañjala-jōra and others in order.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rākṣasī (राक्षसी).—a Relating to a rākṣasa. Outrage ous; daring; violent.

--- OR ---

rākṣasī (राक्षसी).—f A female rākṣasa.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 63 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pretarakshasi
Pretarākṣasī (प्रेतराक्षसी).—the holy basil (tulasī). Pretarākṣasī is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Rakshasivela
rākṣasī-vēḷa (राक्षसी-वेळ).—f Dusk of evening
Rakshasi Upaya
rākṣasī upāya (राक्षसी उपाय).—m rākṣasī upacāra m Terms for any violent or rough remedy or meas...
Rakshasi Sampatti
rākṣasī sampatti (राक्षसी संपत्ति).—f See rākṣasī daulata.
Rakshasi Maya
rākṣasī māyā (राक्षसी माया).—f (S) pop. rākṣasī māva f The illusions and deceptions of the rākṣ...
Rakshasi Avatara
rākṣasī avatāra (राक्षसी अवतार).—m (Incarnation of a Rakshas.) A term for a very ferocious or s...
Rakshasi Muluka
rākṣasī mulūka (राक्षसी मुलूक).—m A name for the peninsula of India southwards of the river nar...
Rakshasi Bhasha
rākṣasī bhāṣā (राक्षसी भाषा).—f A sort of gibberish formed by corruptions from the Sanskrit, an...
Rakshasi Hada
rākṣasī hāḍa (राक्षसी हाड).—n (Raskshas-bone.) A term for a hardy and strong person.
Rakshasi Daulata
rākṣasī daulata (राक्षसी दौलत).—f A term for prosperity or wealth in which there is no substant...
Rakshasi Vela
rākṣasī vēḷa (राक्षसी वेळ).—or -vēḷā f See rākṣasavēḷa.
Rakshasi-hada
rākṣasī-hāḍa (राक्षसी-हाड).—n A term for a hardy and strong person.
Rakshasi Jhompa
rākṣasī jhōmpa (राक्षसी झोंप).—f A term for profound and heavy sleep.
Rakshasi Dhanya
rākṣasī dhānya (राक्षसी धान्य).—n (Becausesaid to have been brought by hēmāḍapanta from Lanka, ...
Rakshasi-upaya
rākṣasī-upāya (राक्षसी-उपाय) [-upacāra, -उपचार].—m A term for any violent remedy or measure.

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