Rakshakara, Rakṣākara, Raksha-kara: 3 definitions


Rakshakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rakṣākara can be transliterated into English as Raksakara or Rakshakara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Rakshakara in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Rakṣākara (रक्षाकर) refers to “one who protects”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.11]—“[...] The diversity of the world has passed away from him, [as have] contracted manifestations [such as persons or things]. He is called the threefold protector because he protects all (sarva-rakṣākara) and he is the liberating, because he is the savior. Śiva is Mṛtyujit, whose nature is Paramaśiva, which is salvation. He protects those whose minds are terrified And this is the nirvacana of netranātha on the basis of similarity of syllables and vowels. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rakshakara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rakṣākara (रक्षाकर) refers to the “protector (of the Gods)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.12 (“The story of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to Kārttikeya: “[...] You alone are the creator, sustainer and annihilator of the universe. You, born of fire-god, be pleased. Your cosmic image is identical with the universe. O son of Śiva, kinsman of the distressed, be pleased. O lord, protector of the gods (deva-rakṣākara), O lord, save us always. O merciful one, protector of gods, be pleased. After killing the Asura Tāraka along with his followers, O great lord, the gods have been freed from adversities by you”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Rakṣākara (रक्षाकर) refers to “that which is protective”, as discussed in the seventh chapter [fifth book] of the Jñānāmṛtasārasaṃhita: a Pāñcarātra text representing a sectarian glorification of Kṛṣṇa and Rādha (i.e., the cult of Radha-Krishna) dated among the latest of the Saṃhitā-type works.—Description of the chapter [sarvarakṣākaram rādhākavacam]: Pārvatī asks Śiva to speak of the kavaca of Rādhā that leads to fourfold mukti. He mentions its originating sage, presiding deity, meter, etc., and points out that after having invoked the various protective powers they are to be “set down” in the kavaca-amulet. This will bring great power to the bearer—just as it did to enable Brahmā, Viṣṇu and me (Śiva) to carry out their cosmic enterprises (1-30).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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