Rakkha, aka: Rakkhā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rakkha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Rakkha

A general of Parakkamabahu I. He was originally the Dandadhinayaka (? general) of Gajabahu, but Parakkamabahu won him over and put him in charge of the conquest of the Malaya country. He accomplished this with the help of his younger brother, after fighting many battles and subduing the chiefs of the various districts (Cv.lxx.5ff). The king thereupon conferred on him the rank of Kesadhatu. Later, he subdued the district of Merukandara and was sent against the Mahalekha Mahinda, whom he defeated at Sarogamatittha. He was associated with Nagaragiri Natha in the fight against Manabharana near Badaravalli. After this he is referred to as Adhikari Rakkha, and the war against Manabharana seems to have been chiefly in his charge. He was in command of the army at Mangalabegama and Mihiranabibbila, and decisively defeated Manabharanas general, Buddhanayaka at Rajatakedara. Later, when Queen Sugala raised a revolt in Rohana, it was Rakkha who was sent to crush it. He was by now commander in chief, and was helped in the subjugation of Rohana by the general Bhuta. They fought a battle at Lokagalla and advanced to Majjhimagama and occupied Uddhanadvara, where Rakkha was helped by the two Kittis, the Adhikari and the Jivapotthaki. From there they marched to Maharivara, and at Badaguna crushed Sugalas forces, thus gaining possession of the Sacred Bowl and the Sacred Tooth which these forces were carrying. In a last onslaught at Dematavala, Rakkha put the enemy to flight and marched on to Sappanarukokilla, where he died of an attack of dysentery. Cv.lxx. 5, 15, 19, 282, 295; lxxii.2ff., 107, 160, 207, 232, 265ff.; lxxiv. 41ff. 55, 72ff., 111ff., 136ff.

2. Rakkha

called Lankadhinatha. A general of Parakkamabahu I. He helped Lokajitvana to defeat Hukitti, and was later sent to Janapada to fight against Gajabahus forces. He was successful, and occupied Yagalla and Talatthala. Gajabahu tried to win him over with bribes, but Rakkha mutilated the envoys and sent the presents to Parakkamabahu. He fought at Aligama against Gajabahus general, Sika, and, proving victorious, held a great celebration. Later he was in charge of the successful attack on Pulatthipura, when the city was captured and Gajabahu taken prisoner. He was then sent to Mangalabegama against Manabharana, and fought so fiercely that the latter was forced to flee to Rohana. Rakkha was placed in charge of the ford at Nigundivaluka. He was, however, greatly offended by the favour shown by Parakkamabahu to his rival, the Senapati Deva, and no longer showed himself zealous in war. An officer of Gajabahu who was with Rakkha, noticing this, sent word to Manabharana to come at once and take advantage of Rakkhas lethargy. Manabharana followed this advice and advanced against Rakkha, whom he killed in the course of a fierce battle. Cv.lxx. 24, 98ff.,

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vihara.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Rakkha (रक्ख) is the Prakrit name of a Yakṣa chief, obiedient to Vaiśramaṇa (god of wealth, also known as Kubera), according to the Bhagavatī-sūtra, also known as The Vyākhyāprajñapti (“Exposition of Explanations”). The Bhagavatī-sūtra is the largest of twelve Jain āgamas and was composed by Sudharmāsvāmī in the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Rakkha in Pali glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

rakkhā : (f.) protection; safety; shelter.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Rakkhā, (f.) (verb-noun fr. rakkh) shelter, protection, care A. II, 73 (+parittā); Mhvs 25, 3; J. I, 140 (bahūhi rakkhāhi rakkhiyamāna); PvA. 198 (°ṃ saṃvidahati). Often in combn rakkhā+āvaraṇa (+gutti) shelter & defence, e.g. at Vin. II, 194; D. I, 61 (dhammikaṃ r. -v. ‹-› guttiṃ saṃvidaheyyāma); M. II, 101; J. IV, 292.—Cp. gorakkhā.—Note. rakkhā at J. III, 144 is an old misreading for rukkhā. (Page 561)

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Rakkha, (adj.) (-°) (fr. base rakkh) guarding or to be guarded;— (a) act. : dhamma° guardian of righteousness or truth Miln. 344.—(b) pass. : in cpd. dū°, v. l. du° hard to guard DhA. I, 295. °kathā, s. l. rukkha-°, warding talk ThA. 1, in Brethren, 185, cp. note 416. (Page 560)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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