Rajju; 13 Definition(s)


Rajju means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Rajju (रज्जु).—Perimeter. Note: Rajju is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

1) Rajju (रज्जु) refers to the “measuring cord (rope)” a type of physical instrument used during architectural measurement. It is used throughout Vāstuśāstra literature such as the Mānasāra, which is a 5th-century Sanskrit treatise on architectural practice.

2) Rajju (रज्जु, “rope”) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Rajju unit corresponds to 8 Daṇḍa units.

Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:

  • 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
  • 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
  • 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
  • 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
  • 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
  • 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
  • 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
  • 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
  • 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
  • 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope

The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Rajju (रज्जु)—Sanskrit term corresponding to the english “rope”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Rajju (रज्जु) in the Rigveda and later denotes ‘rope’. In the Atharvaveda the serpent is called the ‘toothed rope’ (rajju datvatī).

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Rajju (रज्जु).—In some Jaina works, a rajju is defined as the diameter of the Svayamvbūramaṇa ocean. In Ratnasañcaya-prakaraṇa, a rajju is defined as follows: “A god can go 100,000 yojanas in the winking of an eye. The distance travelled by him, thus in 6 months is a rajju.”

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Astronomy and Cosmology

Rajju (रज्जु).—The measure of universal space.—When the distances are immensely incalculable, the units also have to be equally immense. Rajju is one such unit. The universal space has been mentioned in terms of this unit in the Jaina scriptures. To have an idea of the immensity of rajju, we have this formula that beats all imagination—“If a heavenly god were to go at a speed of a hundred thousand (pramāṇa) yojana in an instant, for a period of six months, the distance described by him will be one rajju. It is also the diametrical distance between one end of the outermost Svayambhūramaṇa-samudra (of the middle universe) to the other.

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Rajju (“string”) refers to a factor taken into consideration, by consulting an astrologer, before marriage among the Agamudaiyans (a cultivating case foundin all the Tamil districts).—The twenty-seven asterisms are arranged at various points on four parallel lines drawn across three triangles. These lines are called the leg, thigh, abdomen, and neck rajjus. The vertices of the triangles are the head rajjus. The asterisms of the pair should not be on the same rajju, and it is considered to be specially bad if they are both on the neck.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Rajjū.—(HRS), used in the Arthaśāstra probably in the sense of the cost realised by the government in connection with the expenses of land-measurement or survey. Note: rajjū is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Rajju in Pali glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

rajju : (f.) a rope; a cord.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Rajju, (f.) (Vedic rajju, cp. Lat. restis rope, Lith. r&etilde; ƶgis wicker, basket) a cord, line, rope S. II, 128; Vin. II, 120, 148 (āviñchana°); Nd2 304; J. I, 464, 483 (fisherman’s line); V, 173; Mhvs 10, 61; DhA. IV, 54; VbhA. 163; KhA 57; VvA. 207; Sdhp. 148, 153.

—kāra rope-maker Miln. 331. —gāhaka “rope-holder, ” (king’s) land-surveyor J. II, 367=DhA. IV, 88 (see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 97). (Page 562)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

rajju (रज्जु).—f (S) A string, cord, rope: also a filament or fibre.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rajju (रज्जु).—f A string, rope. A fibre.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु).—(Uṇ.1.15) f.

1) A rope, cord, string.

2) Name of a sinew proceeding from the vertebral column.

3) A lock of braided hair.

Derivable forms: rajjuḥ (रज्जुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 49 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hṛdayarajju (हृदयरज्जु).—Circum-radius. Note: Hṛdaya-rajju is a Sanskrit technical term used in...
Paśurajju (पशुरज्जु).—m. (-jjuḥ) A string or tie for fastening cattle. E. paśu an animal, and r...
Akṣṇayārajju (अक्ष्णयारज्जु).—The diagonal chord of rectangle or a square. Note: Akṣṇayārajju i...
Rajju Sutta
Rajju, (f.) (Vedic rajju, cp. Lat. restis rope, Lith. r&etilde; ƶgis wicker, basket) a cord, l...
Mukharajju (मुखरज्जु).—f. the bridle of a horse. Derivable forms: mukharajjuḥ (मुखरज्जुः).Mukha...
Pādarajju (पादरज्जु).—f. a tether for the foot of an elephant. Derivable forms: pādarajjuḥ (पाद...
Pāśarajju (पाशरज्जु).—f. a fetter, rope. Derivable forms: pāśarajjuḥ (पाशरज्जुः).Pāśarajju is a...
Rajjupeḍā (रज्जुपेडा).—a rope-basket.Rajjupeḍā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms r...
Rajjudālaka (रज्जुदालक).—a kind of wild fowl; so रज्जुवालः (rajjuvālaḥ); Ms.5.12. Rajjudālaka i...
Karkaṭakarajju (कर्कटकरज्जु).—a rope with a hook.Derivable forms: karkaṭakarajjuḥ (कर्कटकरज्जुः...
Rāgarajju (रागरज्जु).—the god of love. Derivable forms: rāgarajjuḥ (रागरज्जुः).Rāgarajju is a S...
Kaṭhinarajju—string used to fix the k. cloth on to the frame Vin. II, 116.
Daṇḍa (दण्ड).—mn. (-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) A stick, a staff. m. (-ṇḍaḥ) 1. Punishment, castigation, amercem...
Bhava (भव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Being, existing, the self-support of something already produced. 2. Bi...
Kuṇḍala (कुण्डल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as...

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