Rajju, Raj‍ju: 32 definitions


Rajju means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Rajju (रज्जु) refers to the “measuring cord (rope)” a type of physical instrument used during architectural measurement. It is used throughout Vāstuśāstra literature such as the Mānasāra, which is a 5th-century Sanskrit treatise on architectural practice.

2) Rajju (रज्जु, “rope”) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Rajju unit corresponds to 8 Daṇḍa units.

Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:

  • 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
  • 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
  • 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
  • 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
  • 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
  • 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
  • 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
  • 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
  • 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
  • 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope

The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Rajju (रज्जु).—Perimeter. Note: Rajju is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Rajju (रज्जु, “rope”) refers to “geometry” and represents one of the various subjects treated in the Hindu gaṇita (“science of calculation”).—The term gaṇita is a very ancient one and occurs copiously in Vedic literature. The Vedāṅga-jyotiṣa (c. 1200 B.C.) gives it the highest place of honour among the sciences which form the Vedāṅga: “As the crests on the heads of peacocks, as the gems on the hoods of snakes, so is gaṇita at the top of the sciences known as the Vedāṅga”. The subjects treated in the Hindu gaṇita of the early renaissance period consisted of [e.g., rajju (“rope,” meaning geometry)] [...].

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rajju (रज्जु) refers to a “rope”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to Himavat (Himācala): “[...] O lord of mountains, I shall not give my daughter endowed with all good accomplishments to Śiva with ugly features, ignoble conduct and defiled name. If you do not accede to my request, I shall undoubtedly die. I will immediately leave this house or swallow poison. With a rope (rajju) I shall tie Pārvatī round my neck and go to a thick forest. I would rather drown myself in the great ocean. I shall never give my daughter to him. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Rajju (रज्जु) refers to the “cord (of the three Guṇas)”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [The Yogin] will obtain liberation by cutting with the razor of the no-mind [state] the tough cord (rajju) of the three Guṇas that binds the self. Just as everything disappears [from view] as the sun sets, so, the whole network of [past] actions (karma) dissolves into the no-mind [state]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

1) Rajju (रज्जु) refers to the “ties (of dogs)” (employed in hunting), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by packs of dogs is that in which dogs are let loose at hares and other animals in arid tracts. [...] From an open space experts in unfastening ties (rajju-mokṣa), let loose their dogs on the prey twice or thrice and success follows. [...]”.

2) Rajju (रज्जु) refers to the “creance”  (of a hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “[...] When the hawk is seen to be manned it should be lured in a creance (rajju-yukta) to a piece of meat from increasing distances. The distance is to be increased gradually, and the hawk should be lured twice or thrice. If on being lured, it does not hesitate, nor fly in a curve, and does not ‘carry’ its meat, then it should be lured without the creance. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Rajju (रज्जु) refers to a “(straw) rope” (used for tying together the stems of plants), as prescribed by certain bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “If thick stems of Cucumis melo var. utilissiumus and Benincasa hispida plants are smeared with honey and melted butter then tied together with straw rope (palāla-rajju) [baddhā palālarajjvā ca] and then covered with cow dung they become one. Later, if the stem is cut keeping the order of the root and tip, Cucumis melo var. utilissiumus, bears fruits of Benincasa hispida size”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Rajju (रज्जु)—Sanskrit term corresponding to the english “rope”.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Rajju (रज्जु) in the Rigveda and later denotes ‘rope’. In the Atharvaveda the serpent is called the ‘toothed rope’ (rajju datvatī).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rajju (रज्जु) refers to “ropes” (i.e., the simile of the ropes: ‘when two ropes are joined together into one, it is stronger’), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (12). The Buddha has no loss of the wisdom and the vision of deliverance.—[...] As has been said above in regard to the recollection of the Buddha, among the five elements of sainthood, the latter possesses the element consisting of the knowledge and vision of deliverance. Here it is necessary to speak about it at length.[Question].—We say ‘knowledge and vision of deliverance’: it should be enough to say ‘knowledge’ (jñāna); why add ‘vision’ (darśana) as well? [Answer].—By saying knowledge and vision, we reinforce the matter. It is like with ropes (rajju): when two ropes are joined together into one, it is stronger. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Astronomy and Cosmology

Rajju (रज्जु).—In some Jaina works, a rajju is defined as the diameter of the Svayamvbūramaṇa ocean. In Ratnasañcaya-prakaraṇa, a rajju is defined as follows: “A god can go 100,000 yojanas in the winking of an eye. The distance travelled by him, thus in 6 months is a rajju.”

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Jainism - the Creed for all Times

Rajju (रज्जु).—The measure of universal space.—When the distances are immensely incalculable, the units also have to be equally immense. Rajju is one such unit. The universal space has been mentioned in terms of this unit in the Jaina scriptures. To have an idea of the immensity of rajju, we have this formula that beats all imagination—“If a heavenly god were to go at a speed of a hundred thousand (pramāṇa) yojana in an instant, for a period of six months, the distance described by him will be one rajju. It is also the diametrical distance between one end of the outermost Svayambhūramaṇa-samudra (of the middle universe) to the other.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Rajju (“string”) refers to a factor taken into consideration, by consulting an astrologer, before marriage among the Agamudaiyans (a cultivating case foundin all the Tamil districts).—The twenty-seven asterisms are arranged at various points on four parallel lines drawn across three triangles. These lines are called the leg, thigh, abdomen, and neck rajjus. The vertices of the triangles are the head rajjus. The asterisms of the pair should not be on the same rajju, and it is considered to be specially bad if they are both on the neck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rajjū.—(HRS), used in the Arthaśāstra probably in the sense of the cost realised by the government in connection with the expenses of land-measurement or survey. Note: rajjū is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Rajju in India is the name of a plant defined with Caryota urens in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Caryota urens Blanco (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Species Plantarum
· Fragmenta Botanica. (1800)
· Taxon (1979)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rajju, for example side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rajju : (f.) a rope; a cord.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rajju, (f.) (Vedic rajju, cp. Lat. restis rope, Lith. r&etilde; ƶgis wicker, basket) a cord, line, rope S. II, 128; Vin. II, 120, 148 (āviñchana°); Nd2 304; J. I, 464, 483 (fisherman’s line); V, 173; Mhvs 10, 61; DhA. IV, 54; VbhA. 163; KhA 57; VvA. 207; Sdhp. 148, 153.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rajju (रज्जु).—f (S) A string, cord, rope: also a filament or fibre.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rajju (रज्जु).—f A string, rope. A fibre.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु).—(Uṇādi-sūtra 1.15) f.

1) A rope, cord, string.

2) Name of a sinew proceeding from the vertebral column.

3) A lock of braided hair.

Derivable forms: rajjuḥ (रज्जुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु).—m.

(-jjuḥ) 1. A rope, a cord, a tie, a string. 2. A lock of braided hair. 3. A sinew proceeding from the vertibral column. E. sṛj to create, &c., Unadi aff. u, and the radical sa rejected, the vowel changed to its semi-vowel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु).— (probably for original srajyu; cf. sraj and [Old High German.] striech, strie, stracchian; [Anglo-Saxon.] streccan; [Latin] stringere), f. (m., [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 376 erroneously, cf. my translation, n. 385). 1. A rope, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 131; a cord, [Pañcatantra] 76, 17. 2. A lock of braided hair.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु).—(rajjū) [feminine] cord, rope.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajju (रज्जु):—f. (ifc. sometimes m.; in earlier language also f(rajjū). ; [Vedic or Veda] [accusative] rajjvam; [genitive case] rajjvās, [Manu-smṛti xi, 168]; probably [from] an unused √rasj, or rajj; cf. rasanā = raśanā) a rope, cord, string, line, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (rajjum ā-√sthā, to have recourse to the rope, to hang one’s self, [Mahābhārata])

2) Name of [particular] sinews or tendons proceeding from the vertebral column, [Suśruta]

3) a lock of braided hair, braid (= veṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of a [particular] constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) Caryota Urens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; a measure of 8 Hastas or 192 inches, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) cf. [Lithuanian] rezgú, ‘I plait.’

7) Rājju (राज्जु):—Vṛddhi form of rajju, in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु):—(jjuḥ) 2. m. A rope, a tie; a lock of braided hair.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rajju (रज्जु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rajju, Lajju.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajju in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु):—(nf) a rope, cord; -[mārga] ropeway.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Rajju (रज्जु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rajju.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rajju (ರಜ್ಜು):—

1) [noun] a cord; a rope.

2) [noun] plaited hair; a braid of hair.

3) [noun] particular sinews or tendons proceeding from the vertebral column.

4) [noun] (jain.) a unit of linear measure.

5) [noun] the branch of mathematics that deals with points, lines, planes, and figures, and examines their properties, measurement, and mutual relations in space; geometry.

6) [noun] (astrol.) a particular conjugation of planets, i.e.all the seven astrological plants (excluding Rāhu and Kētu) being distributed in the four mansions (Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricornus);7) [noun] ರಜ್ಜು ಸರ್ಪ ನ್ಯಾಯ [rajju sarpa nyaya] rajju sarpa nyāya a maxim of rope and serpent, to explain that by illusion one may consider serpent as rope or vice versa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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