Rajata, Rājatā, Rājata: 17 definitions

Introduction

Rajata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Rajata (रजत, “Silver”) is the name for a variation of ‘metal’ (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Śuddhaloha, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known by the synonym Raupya.

Silver has 3 variations on its own:

  1. khanija (‘mineral’, obtained from digging mines),
  2. sahaja (‘natural’, produced or obtained from the peaks of hills),
  3. kṛtrima (‘artificial’, obtained from mercurial transformation)
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Raupya (or, Rajata):—The ancient scholars have described the three varieties of silver, viz,

  1. khanija (mineral),
  2. sahaja (natural)
  3. and kṛtrima (artificial). 

That which become sujjvala (brighter or whiter) on heating on fire is considered as śuddha-silver. Kaladhauta is its synonym. It is considered best and may be used for all purposes and it may perform all the kāryas (actions) of silver.

The bhasma of Śuddha-rajata (silver) may be used internally mixed with madhu and ghee. It is known to cure eye diseases, kṣaya-roga, pittaja-roga, kāsa and chest diseases, pāṇḍu-roga, udara-roga and the diseases caused due to prokopa of all the doṣas and also in arūci (unrelishness)

Source: PMC: Therapeutic potentials of metals in ancient India

Rajata (Silver), another noble metal like gold, also attracted the attention of the ancient Acharyas. The use of silver in therapeutics dates back to the period of Charaka and his contempories. Though, its therapeutic applications are not as extensive as other metals like Tamra or Loha, the ancient classics reveal that silver also enjoyed an important place in Ayurveda therapeutics. Various useful formulations of ‘Rajata’ are: Balya, Rasayana, Medhya, Ayushya, Ojo Vardhaka, Vayah sthapaka etc. The normal dosage range given for ‘Rajata Bhasma’ is 30 mg. to 120 mg.

Classics of alchemy say s that, samples of Rajata which are clear, lustrous (Swachha), heavy (Guru), and with metallic sheen (Snigdham), and which also become bright white on heating or cutting (Dahe Chede Samaprabham), without any ridges or furrows (Sphota rahitam), is genuine, and can be considered acceptable for therapeutic purposes.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Rajata (रजत).—One of the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. It is also known by the name Śāka. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Rajata (रजत) refers to “silver”, representing a type of material for construction of a Liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.22 while explaining the importance of the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva:—“[...] with regard to the following phallic images viz:—[...] liṅgas made of silver (Rajata-liṅga) [...], the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva is on a par with the rite of Cāndrāyaṇa. Even the slayer of a brahmin if he partakes of the remains of the food offered to the God quells all his sins immediately [...]”.

2) Rajata (रजत) is also mentioned as the material for a Liṅga in one’s house (geha), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] after worshipping Śiva with sandal paste, saffron, incense, various lamps, and food-offerings of different sorts he shall bow down again. In the house the liṅga shall be made of clay, silver (rajata) or any other metal or mercury. It shall be bowed to with devotion. If that is worshipped, all deities are worshipped. If the liṅga is made of clay it shall be installed duly”.

3) Rājata (रजत) refers to “silvery (clouds)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] With the clusters of clouds dark, silvery (rājata) and red in colour clinging to the Mandara mountain (peak), Himālaya appears as the ocean of milk with the birds of diverse colours”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rajata (रजत).—Son of Varatri.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 79.

1b) Silver, came out of Śiva's eyes; hence dear to Pitṛs; but inauspicious and to be avoided in devakāryas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 22-3.

2a) Rājata (राजत).—A dāna; also Raupyācalam; the best gift is of 10,000 palams of silver; the giver goes to the world of the moon; then of 5,000 and then 2,500 palams; anything above 20 palams.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 83. 6; 91. 1ff.

2b) The silver vessel used by Pitṛs in milking the cow-earth;1 out of Śiva's eye;2 best for use in śrāddha.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 10. 18.
  • 2) Ib. 15. 31; 17. 20. 23.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 51; 74. 1.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rajata (रजत, “silver”) or Rūpya refers to a type of jewel (ratna), into which the universe was transformed by the Buddha’s miraculous power (ṛddhibala) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Silver (rajata, rūpya) comes from burned rocks”.

Also, “These jewels (eg, rajata) are of three types, Human jewels (manuṣya-ratna), Divine jewels (divya-ratna) and Bodhisattva jewels (bodhisattva-ratna). These various jewels remove the poverty (dāridrya) and the suffering (duḥkha) of beings”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rajata : (nt.) silver.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rājatā, (f.) (abstr. fr. rājā) state of being a king, kingship, sovereignty J. I, 119 (anuttara-dhamma° being a most righteous king). (Page 568)

— or —

Rajata, (nt.) (Vedic rajata; see etym. under rajati) silver D. I, 5 (explained at DA. I, 78 as a general name for all coins except gold: kahāpaṇas etc.); S. I, 92; Sn. 962 (in simile; explained at Nd1 478 as jātarūpa), J. V, 50; 416 (hema° gold & silver); Vv 351 (°hema-jāla); DhA. II, 42 (°paṭṭa silver tablet or salver); IV, 105 (°gabbha silver money box or cabinet for silver, alongside of kahāpaṇa-gabbha and suvaṇṇa°); VbhA. 64 (explained as “kahāpaṇa”); PvA. 95 (for rūpiya). (Page 561)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rajata (रजत).—n S Silver. 2 In Sanskrit. Silver or gold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rajata (रजत).—n Silver.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajata (रजत).—a [rañj atac nalopaḥ Uṇ.3.11]

1) Silvery, made of silver.

2) Whitish.

-tam 1 Silver; शुक्तौ रजत- मिदमिति ज्ञानं भ्रमः (śuktau rajata- midamiti jñānaṃ bhramaḥ); Ki.5.41; N.22.52.

2) Gold.

3) A pearl-ornament or necklace.

4) Blood.

5) Ivory.

6) An asterism, a constellation.

7) A mountain.

--- OR ---

Rājata (राजत).—a. (- f.) [रजत इदम् अण् (rajata idam aṇ)] Silvery, made of silver; लीलां दधौ राजतगण्डशैलः (līlāṃ dadhau rājatagaṇḍaśailaḥ) Śi.4.13.

-tam Silver.

--- OR ---

Rājatā (राजता).—Royalty, sovereignty, royal rank or position.

See also (synonyms): rājatva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rajata (रजत).—nt., some kind of disease, in lists of diseases: Mahāvyutpatti 9540; Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 17a.1 (rajabhaṃ, doubtless corruption for °taṃ); Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.68.17. Acc. to Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti = glog pa, which Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) equates with lhog pa (which Tibetan gives for lohaliṅga, q.v.), a large ulcer, sore, or carbuncle. Chin. a skin disease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajata (रजत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) White. n.

(-taṃ) 1. A pearl-necklace. 2. Silver. 3. Gold. 4. Elephant's teeth, ivory. 5. The name of a lake. 6. The name of a mountain, perhaps Kailasa; see rajatādri. 7. White, (the colour.) 8. Blood. 9. An asterism, a constellation. 10. An elephant. E. rañj to colour, &c., atac Unadi aff.

--- OR ---

Rājata (राजत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tī-taṃ) Silver, made of silver, &c. E. rajata silver, aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajata (रजत):—[from raj] mfn. (cf. 2. ṛjra) whitish, silver-coloured, silvery (taṃ hiraṇyam, ‘whitish gold’ id est. silver), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] silver, made of silver, [Brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] n. (m. [gana] ardharcodi) silver, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) gold

5) [v.s. ...] a pearl ornament

6) [v.s. ...] ivory

7) [v.s. ...] blood

8) [v.s. ...] an asterism

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain and of a lake.

10) Rājatā (राजता):—[=rāja-tā] [from rāja > rāj] f. kingship, royalty, sovereignty, government, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

11) Rājata (राजत):—mf(ī)n. ([from] rajata) silvery, made of silver, silver, [???; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) n. silver, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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