Rajasarshapa, Rājasarṣapa, Raja-sarshapa, Rajan-sarshapa: 11 definitions


Rajasarshapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rājasarṣapa can be transliterated into English as Rajasarsapa or Rajasarshapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Rajasarshapa in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप) is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), the plant Rājasarṣapa has the following synonyms: Kṛṣṇasarṣapa, Kṛṣṇa, Rājakṣavaka, Raji, Rājñī, Kṣava, Kṣutaka, Kṣuta, Kṣutābhijanana, Tīkṣṇaka, Tīkṣṇa, Tīkṣṇaphala, Priyaṅgu, Bhūtanāśana and Tīvra.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Rajasarshapa in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप) refers to the “highest red mustard”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.12-14ab, while describing the symbolic significance of mustard (seeds)]—“The mantrin should offer the oblation that grants all tranquility [with a] mixture of ghee, cow’s milk, ground white sugar, and sesame seeds when one has come under the control of death [or has been] attacked by evil spirits. Indeed, he should offer the highest red mustard (rājasarṣaparājasarṣapam uttamam) together with black sesame sprinkled with three kinds of oils. Instantly, [this] produces the fruit of universal tranquility”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajasarshapa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप).—black mustard (the seed used as a weight; trasareṇavo'ṣṭau vijñeyā likṣaikā parimāṇataḥ | tā rājasarṣapastisraste trayo gaurasarṣapaḥ || Manusmṛti 8.133).

Derivable forms: rājasarṣapaḥ (राजसर्षपः).

Rājasarṣapa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and sarṣapa (सर्षप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Mustard, (Sinapis dichotoma, or S. ramosa, Rox.) 2. A mustard seed, as a measure of weight. E. rāja royal, sarṣapa mustard.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप).—m. 1. mustard. 2. a measure of weight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 133.

Rājasarṣapa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and sarṣapa (सर्षप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप).—[masculine] black mustard or the seed of it (used as a weight).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप):—[=rāja-sarṣapa] [from rāja > rāj] m. (or f(ā). , [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) black mustard, Sinapis Ramosa (the seed used as a weight = 3 Likṣās = 1/3 of a Gaura-sarṣapa), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājasarṣapa (राजसर्षप):—[rāja-sarṣapa] (paḥ) 1. m. Mustard; mustard seed as a weight or measure.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajasarshapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajasarshapa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rājasarṣapa (ರಾಜಸರ್ಷಪ):—

1) [noun] the annual plant Brassica nigra of Brassicaceae family; black mustard plant.

2) [noun] its round, black seed; black mustard.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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