Rajarajan, Rājarājan, Rajan-rajan: 2 definitions


Rajarajan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rajarajan in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rājarājan (राजराजन्) or Rājarāja is a name that Guṇanidhi obtained from Umā, as a result of his severe penance, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.19. Accordingly, as Umā said to Guṇanidhi:—“[...] dear son, I am delighted at your penance. I shall give you the boon you desire. You will be the lord of treasures and the lord of Guhyakas. You will be the king of Yakṣas, Kinnaras and rulers [viz., Rājarājan]. You will be the leader of Puṇyajanas and the bestower of wealth to all. My friendship with you shall remain for ever. I shall stay near you, very near Alakā, dear friend, in order to increase your love. O son of Yajñadatta, great devotee, come on. This is your mother. Fall at her feet with delighted heart”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)

1) Rajarajan I (AD 985-1014) is the name of a king from the [Medieval] Chola Dynasty (AD 848).—In the twenty-fifth year of the reign of Rajarajan I, the magnificent temple of Śiva named after the King Rajarajesvaramudaliar was completed, and a copper kalaśa, thickly gilt with gold, was dedicated to adorn the finial of the vimāna. His intense devotion to Śiva earned him the title Sivadadasekhara and for his taste for art he received the epithet Nityavinoda. The inscriptions give details of the magnificent wealth of bronzes dedicated by him to the temple. The great temple of Siva erected by him as a thanksgiving to his patron deity has not only merged into Chola structures but also served to influence the artistic taste of the Chola sculptors.

2) Rajarajan II (AD 1146-1173), the son of Kulottunga II, was also a lover of arts.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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