Rajana, Rājāṇā, Rājāna, Rājana, Raja-ana: 20 definitions


Rajana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājāna (राजान).—The first kings of the earth were Priyavrata and Uttānapāda, sons of Manu; wielders of daṇḍa; ety. of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 58.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rājana (राजन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.9, IX.44.53, XIV.8.18, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Rājana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Rājāna (राजान) refers to “kings”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (207) In such a time of great terror and disruption for living beings, agitating ascetics (bhikṣu) and kings (rājāna) alike, we will uphold the true dharma. (208) Any of the Sūtras will not be collected nor practiced; they will always believe what they say. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Rājāna (राजान) refers to a “king”, according to verse 14.24bd-27 of the Laghuśaṃvara, an ancient Buddhist Yoginī Tantra.—Accordingly, [while describing the Siddhi of speech]: “The Sādhaka [who has] the Siddhi of speech can certainly attract a king (rājāna) or queen by [merely] thinking [it]. He quickly controls gods, demons and men. When angry, he can kill with his speech and drive away his adversary. The practitioner can thus effect a curse with his speech. And he can stop a river, a cart, a machine [like a water-wheel,] the ocean, elephants and horses, clouds, a man or bird merely by means of his speech. He achieves everything which he desires by his speech”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Rajana [राजण] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Manilkara hexandra from the Sapotaceae (Mahua) family having the following synonyms: Mimusops hexandra. For the possible medicinal usage of rajana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Rajana in India is the name of a plant defined with Ixora coccinea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ixora coccinea Comm. ex Lam. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Bijdr. (1826)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rajana, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rajana : (nt.) colouring; dye; dyeing

-- or --

rājāṇā : (f.) king's command.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rajana, (nt.) (fr. raj) colouring, dye D. I, 110 (suddhaṃ vatthaṃ ... sammadeva rajanaṃ paṭigaṇheyya); Vin. I, 50=53 II. 227; Vin. I, 286 (6 dyes allowed to the bhikkhus: mūla°, khandha°, taca°, patta°, puppha°, phala°, or made of the root, the trunk, bark, leaf, flower, fruit of trees) Th. 1, 965; S. II, 101 (here either as f. or adj.); J. I, 220 (washing?).

--- OR ---

Rājāṇā refers to: (1) the king’s command J. III, 180; cp. PvA. 217 “rañño āṇā”; (2) the king’s fine or punishment, i.e. a punishment inflicted by the king (cp. Fick, Soc. Gl. 74), synonymous with rāja-daṇḍa: J. I, 369, 433 (rājāṇaṃ karoti to inflict); II, 197; III, 18, 232, 351; IV, 42; VI, 18; PvA. 242.

Note: rājāṇā is a Pali compound consisting of the words rājā and āṇā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājaṇa (राजण) [or रांजण, rāñjaṇa].—or ṇī f (rājādana S) A tree, Mimusops hexandra or kanki.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—[rañj-kyun Uṇādi-sūtra 2.75] A ray.

-nam 1 Colouring, dyeing.

2) Safflower (also rajanī in this sense).

Derivable forms: rajanaḥ (रजनः).

--- OR ---

Rājana (राजन).—A particular Sāma; एतद् राजनं देवतासु प्रोतम् (etad rājanaṃ devatāsu protam) Ch. Up.2.2.1; Bhāgavata 11.27.31.

Derivable forms: rājanam (राजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—(nt. ? = Pali id.), (the process of) dyeing: vastram apagatakālakaṃ rajanopagataṃ (gone to be dyed) raṅgodake prakṣiptaṃ…Divyāvadāna 617.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Colouring, dyeing. E. rañj to colour, Unadi aff. yuk or kyun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).— i. e. rañj + ana, n. 1. Colouring. 2. Safflower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—[feminine] ī colouring; [masculine] ray, beam, [Name] of a man, [feminine] ī night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajana (रजन):—[from raj] mf(ī)n. colouring, dyeing, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a ray, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man with the [patronymic] Kauṇeya, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa] (also naka)

4) [v.s. ...] n. safflower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Rājana (राजन):—[from rāj] mfn. belonging to a royal family (but not to the warrior caste), [Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇini 4-1, 137]

6) [from rāj] n. Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

7) Rājāna (राजान):—[from rāj] ([from] 1. rājan) [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] nati, [Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇini 6-4, 15.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Dying, painting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rajana (रजन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rayaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rajana (ರಜನ):—

1) [noun] colour; paint; dye.

2) [noun] the act of painting, colouring.

3) [noun] a ray of light.

4) [noun] the flower of the flower Carthamus tinctorius.

--- OR ---

Rājaṇa (ರಾಜಣ):—[noun] = ರಾಜನ [rajana].

--- OR ---

Rājana (ರಾಜನ):—[noun] = ರಾಜಭತ್ತ [rajabhatta].

--- OR ---

Rājāṇa (ರಾಜಾಣ):—[noun] = ರಾಜಾನ್ನ [rajanna].

--- OR ---

Rājāna (ರಾಜಾನ):—[noun] = ರಾಜಾನ್ನ [rajanna].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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