Rajana, Rājāṇā, Rājāna, Rājana, Raja-ana: 14 definitions



Rajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājāna (राजान).—The first kings of the earth were Priyavrata and Uttānapāda, sons of Manu; wielders of daṇḍa; ety. of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 58.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Rājana (राजन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.9, IX.44.53, XIV.8.18, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Rājana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rajana : (nt.) colouring; dye; dyeing

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rājāṇā : (f.) king's command.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rajana, (nt.) (fr. raj) colouring, dye D. I, 110 (suddhaṃ vatthaṃ ... sammadeva rajanaṃ paṭigaṇheyya); Vin. I, 50=53 II. 227; Vin. I, 286 (6 dyes allowed to the bhikkhus: mūla°, khandha°, taca°, patta°, puppha°, phala°, or made of the root, the trunk, bark, leaf, flower, fruit of trees) Th. 1, 965; S. II, 101 (here either as f. or adj.); J. I, 220 (washing?).

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Rājāṇā refers to: (1) the king’s command J. III, 180; cp. PvA. 217 “rañño āṇā”; (2) the king’s fine or punishment, i.e. a punishment inflicted by the king (cp. Fick, Soc. Gl. 74), synonymous with rāja-daṇḍa: J. I, 369, 433 (rājāṇaṃ karoti to inflict); II, 197; III, 18, 232, 351; IV, 42; VI, 18; PvA. 242.

Note: rājāṇā is a Pali compound consisting of the words rājā and āṇā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājaṇa (राजण) [or रांजण, rāñjaṇa].—or ṇī f (rājādana S) A tree, Mimusops hexandra or kanki.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—[rañj-kyun Uṇ.2.75] A ray.

-nam 1 Colouring, dyeing.

2) Safflower (also rajanī in this sense).

Derivable forms: rajanaḥ (रजनः).

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Rājana (राजन).—A particular Sāma; एतद् राजनं देवतासु प्रोतम् (etad rājanaṃ devatāsu protam) Ch. Up.2.2.1; Bhāg.11.27.31.

Derivable forms: rājanam (राजनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—(nt. ? = Pali id.), (the process of) dyeing: vastram apagatakālakaṃ rajanopagataṃ (gone to be dyed) raṅgodake prakṣiptaṃ…Divyāvadāna 617.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—n.

(-naṃ) Colouring, dyeing. E. rañj to colour, Unadi aff. yuk or kyun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).— i. e. rañj + ana, n. 1. Colouring. 2. Safflower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन).—[feminine] ī colouring; [masculine] ray, beam, [Name] of a man, [feminine] ī night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rajana (रजन):—[from raj] mf(ī)n. colouring, dyeing, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a ray, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man with the [patronymic] Kauṇeya, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa] (also naka)

4) [v.s. ...] n. safflower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Rājana (राजन):—[from rāj] mfn. belonging to a royal family (but not to the warrior caste), [Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇini 4-1, 137]

6) [from rāj] n. Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

7) Rājāna (राजान):—[from rāj] ([from] 1. rājan) [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] nati, [Siddhānta-kaumudī on Pāṇini 6-4, 15.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rajana (रजन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Dying, painting.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Rajana (रजन):—(von raj) [Uṇādisūtra 2, 79.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 4, 24, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 5.]

1) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes mit dem patron. Kauṇeya [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 3, 8, 1.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 13, 4, 11.] Vgl. rājani . —

2) Strahl [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 7, 4.] —

3) n. Safflor [UJJVAL.]; vgl. mahā (mahārajanarañjita [Mahābhārata 8, 2528]).

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Rājana (राजन):—(von rājan)

1) adj. aus fürstlichem Geschlecht stammend, aber nicht zur Kriegerkaste gehörig [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.4,1,137.] —

2) f. ī Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Mahābhārata 6, 329] [?(Viṣṇupurāṇa II, 148).] —

3) n. oxyt. Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,231,a.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā.7,5,8,3.] [LĀṬY.1,6,35.3,12,7.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16,14,8.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad.2,20,1. 2.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11,27,31.] indrasya rājanarauhiṇe, rauhiṇerekarṣe rājanam [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 208],b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Rajana (रजन):——

1) Adj. (f. rajanī) färbend [Atharvaveda 1,23,1]=[Taittirīya brāhmaṇa (Roth). 2,4,4,1.] —

2) m. — a) Strahl. — b) Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

3) n. Safflor.rajanī s. bes.

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Rājana (राजन):——

1) *Adj. aus fürstlichem Geschlecht stammend , aber nicht zur Kriegerkaste gehörig.

2) f. ī — a) Nomen proprium eines Flusses. — b) * = gautamī [Hemacandra's Anekārthasaṃgraha 3,465.] —

3) n. rājana Name verschiedener Sāman [Ārṣeyabrāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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