Rajamasha, Rājamāṣa, Raja-masha, Rajan-masha: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Rajamasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rājamāṣa can be transliterated into English as Rajamasa or Rajamasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष) is a Sanskrit word referring to Vigna unguiculata (“cow-peas”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Rājamāṣa is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Rājamāṣa is laxative and relishing. It alleviates kapha, semen and amlapitta (acid gastritis). It is sweet, vāta-aggravating, rough, astringent, non-slimy and heave in character.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Mahāmāṣa, Capala and Bala. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.82), the cowpea (rājamāṣa) has the following synonyms: Nṛpamāṣa, Nṛpocita, Kācamāṣa, Nīlamāṣa, Sitamāṣa, Marutkara, Palaṅkaṣā and Mādhvīka.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष) refers to a variety of pulse used in the Śrāddha ritual, according to the Matsyapurāṇa 15.36-38, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to the authors of Purāṇa literature the use of rājamāṣa, masūra, niṣpāva and gram are interdicted in the śrāddha ritual.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—Unfit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: Tantra Literature of Kerala- Special Reference to Mātṛsadbhāva

Rājamāṣā (राजमाषा) or “kidney bean” refers to one of various seeds used in Bījāṅkurārpaṇa, according to the Mātṛsadbhāva, one of the earliest Śākta Tantras from Kerala.—Mātṛsadbhāva is a Kerala Tantric ritual manual dealing with the worship of Goddess Bhadrakālī (also known as Rurujit) along with sapta-mātṛs or Seven mothers. [...] There are many descriptions about the flora and fauna in Mātṛssadbhāva. Different types of Seeds, dhātūs, metals, etc. are describing in this text. In the seventh chapter of Mātṛsadbhāva is describing the bījāṅkurārpaṇa part, tells seven types seeds need to be used [e.g., rājamāṣā].

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—m S A bean, Dolichos catjang.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—a kind of bean.

Derivable forms: rājamāṣaḥ (राजमाषः).

Rājamāṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and māṣa (माष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) A kind of bean, (Dolichos Catjang or sinensis.) “varavaṭī” E. rāj royal, and māṣa a sort of kidney-bean.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rājamāṣa (राजमाष):—[=rāja-māṣa] [from rāja > rāj] m. a kind of bean, Dolichos Catjang, [Mahābhārata]

2) Rājamāsa (राजमास):—[=rāja-māsa] [from rāja > rāj] [wrong reading] for māṣa, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष):—[rāja-māṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. A kind of bean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajamasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajamasha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rājamāṣa (ರಾಜಮಾಷ):—[noun] a variety of cow pea ofPapilionaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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