Rajamasha, aka: Rājamāṣa, Raja-masha, Rajan-masha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rajamasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rājamāṣa can be transliterated into English as Rajamasa or Rajamasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Rajamasha in Ayurveda glossaries]

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष) is a Sanskrit word referring to Vigna unguiculata (“cow-peas”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant Rājamāṣa is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Rājamāṣa is laxative and relishing. It alleviates kapha, semen and amlapitta (acid gastritis). It is sweet, vāta-aggravating, rough, astringent, non-slimy and heave in character.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Mahāmāṣa, Capala and Bala. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.82), the cowpea (rājamāṣa) has the following synonyms: Nṛpamāṣa, Nṛpocita, Kācamāṣa, Nīlamāṣa, Sitamāṣa, Marutkara, Palaṅkaṣā and Mādhvīka.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

[Rajamasha in Purana glossaries]

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—Unfit for śrāddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Rajamasha in Marathi glossaries]

rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—m S A bean, Dolichos catjang.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Rajamasha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Rājamāṣa (राजमाष).—a kind of bean.

Derivable forms: rājamāṣaḥ (राजमाषः).

Rājamāṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and māṣa (माष).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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