Racita, Racitā: 20 definitions


Racita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rachita.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Racitā (रचिता) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Racitā has 28 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 5, 5, 4, 4, [ISI or IIII] and [S] mātrās.

2) Racitā (रचिता) is another catuṣpadi metre, having 28 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, [IIII], 4, 4, 4, 4 and [S] mātrās, with the yati after the 7th mātrā.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Racita (रचित) refers to the “well-deployed (supreme energy)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Active in the utterance (of mantra that takes place) in the centre, she pervades all things with the mass of (her) red and beautiful rays. (She is) the threefold Nityaklinnā, the universal energy of Śiva, the root goddess who pervades (all things). She awakens the Command that has been destroyed and removes the impurities (that sully the) Rule. She alone is capable of piercing the bridge. She is the garland of thirty-two syllables, the awakened Kaulika Command, the supreme energy (well) deployed (racita-parakalā). Pure, she is the Light of the Void and she pulses radiantly with waves of rays. She alone conjoins (the fettered to) the path of the Siddhas. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Racita (रचित) refers to “(that which was) crafted”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she bore the coquettish apparel of a woman going out to meet Mahākāla at night, with a vine-like body furnished with a raiment reddened with saffron-dye, with a face with red eyes, whose brows were furrowed into a frown, whose lip was crimsoned with betel that was blood, whose cheeks were reddened by the light shed from ear-ornaments of pomegranate flowers, with a forehead on which there was a tilaka dot of vermillion made by (racita) a Śabara beauty, covered by a magnificent gold turban. She was worshipped by goats... mice... antelope and black serpents... She was praised on all sides by flocks of old crows; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Racita (रचित) refers to “well laid (courtyards)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as the Seven Sages said amongst each other (when arriving at Himavatpura city): “This city seems to be better than Alakā, heaven, Bhogavatī and even Amarāvatī. The houses are beautiful and well-built. The courtyards are well laid (racita) out and paved with different kinds of crystals and jewels of variegated colours. Slabs of solar and lunar stones are found in every house. Different kinds of celestial trees are also growing here. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Racita (रचित) refers to “(that which was) crafted” (by the gods) [?], according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In the Mandala, an obscured Himalaya, abiding seated in lotus posture, the best limb of all possessed, an equally elevated pair of white breasts, swinging garlands, having made (racita) the gods, Upendra, Sūrya, Candra, etc., [..] a helper for crossing over together, the dreadful wilderness of saṃsāra, routing Māra, Śrī Vajrasattva, homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Racita.—(CII 3; etc.), composed; a technical term used in connection with the composition of a record, as opposed to the writing on the plate or slab for facilitating the work of engrav- ing and also to engraving. Cf. cintita in Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 59. Note: racita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

racita : (pp. of racayati) arranged; composed; prepared.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Racita, (pp. of racati) 1. arranged J. V, 157 (su° in C. for samocita; v. l. sucarita).—2. strung (of flowers) Mhvs 34, 54.—Cp. vi°. (Page 561)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

racita (रचित).—a (S) Arranged, disposed, piled or laid orderly. 2 fig. Contrived, concerted, planned. 3 Composed, strung together -- books, verses, flowers &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

racita (रचित).—a Arranged. Fig. Contrived. Composed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Racita (रचित).—p. p.

1) Arranged.

2) Prepared.

3) Made, formed.

4) Strung together.

5) Composed, written.

6) Adorned.

7) Furnished with.

8) Directed towards (as the mind).

9) Invented.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racita (रचित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Made, manufactured. 2. Written, composed. 3. Strung. E. rac to make, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racita (रचित).—[adjective] produced, arranged, prepared, made of ([instrumental] or —°), composed or written, placed or fixed on, turned towards ([locative]), provided or occupied with ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Racita (रचित):—[from rac] mfn. produced, fashioned, constructed, performed, arranged, prepared, made of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] made or chosen for ([nominative case]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

3) [v.s. ...] placed, inserted, inlaid, fixed on or in ([locative case]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] set out, displayed in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Kālidāsa]

5) [v.s. ...] directed towards ([locative case]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] furnished, provided, set or studded with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa; Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) occupied with, engaged in [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] (with mṛṣā) invented, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man [gana] bidādi.

10) Rācita (राचित):—m. [patronymic] [from] racita [gana] bidādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Racita (रचित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Made, composed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Racita (रचित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avahiya, Uggahia, Raia, Rayāviya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Racita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Racita (रचित) [Also spelled rachit]:—(a) constructed; created; composed; stained (with).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Racita (ರಚಿತ):—

1) [adjective] made; constructed; formed.

2) [adjective] prepared; made ready.

3) [adjective] written; authored; composed.

--- OR ---

Racita (ರಚಿತ):—[noun] that which constructed, made, prepared, written or composed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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