Pythagoras: 4 definitions
Pythagoras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Google Books: Creators of Mathematical and Computational Sciences
Pythagoras (Πυθαγόρας, 570-495 BC).—The book India in Greece published in 1852, in England, by the Greek historian Edward Pococke reports that Pythagoras, who taught Buddhist philosophy, was a great missionary. His name indicates his office and position; Pythagoras in English is equivalent to putha-gorus in Greek and Budha-guru in Sanskrit, which impies that he was a Buddhis spiritual leader. Specifically, Pythagoras believed that the soul is an eternal, self-moving number that passes from body to body through metempsychosis, or transmigration, and that after spiritual purification the soul will cease reincarnation and eventuall unite with the divine.Source: Google Books: The Serpent The Eagle The Lion & The Disk
The great teacher, Pythagoras, is both Indian and Greek and he was also both Buddhist and Vedic in his outlook. Recognition of these facts resolves the long hidden mystery regarding the origins of Hellenic civilization.Source: Google Books: An English translation of the Sushruta samhita, based on original Sanskrit text
According to all accounts Pythagoras was the founder of the healing art amongst the Greeks and the Hellenic peoples in general. This great philosopher imbibed his mysteries and metaphysics from the Brahmanas of India. Mr. Pocock in his India in Greece identifies him with Buddhagurus or Buddha, and it is but an easy inference to suppose that he carried many recipes and aphorisms of his master’s Ayurveda with him. The sacred bean of Pythagoras is though to have been the Indian nelumbium (utpala).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: An Introduction to Jain Philosophy
Pythagoras is identified with the Jain monk Pihitāśrava.—In many ways, Pythagorean beliefs and doctrines are similar to Jain doctrine. In Digambara scriptures, there are mentions of a monk, Pihitāśrava, who is none other than Pythagoras. It is believed that Pythagoras came to India and was ordained and trained by Jain scholars and ascetics. Thereafter he brought Jain Dharma to Greece and publicized its teachings there. Even now, there are many followers of Pythagoras in Greece and other parts of the world.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 10 books and stories containing Pythagoras; (plurals include: Pythagorases). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Buddha and His Teachings (by Narada Thera)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XIV - The different degrees of perfection < [The yoga philosophy]
Chapter IV - The different denominations of om < [The om tat sat]
Complete works of Swami Abhedananda (by Swami Prajnanananda)
Chapter 6 - The Influence of India on Western-Civilization < [Discourse 1 - India and Her People]
Chapter 5 - Theory of Transmigration < [Discourse 3 - Reincarnation]
Chapter 1 - Hindu Philosophy in India < [Discourse 7 - Thoughts on Sankhya Buddhism and Vedanta]
Mandukya Upanishad (by Kenneth Jaques)