Pythagoras: 4 definitions



Pythagoras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Pythagoras in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Creators of Mathematical and Computational Sciences

Pythagoras (Πυθαγόρας, 570-495 BC).—The book India in Greece published in 1852, in England, by the Greek historian Edward Pococke reports that Pythagoras, who taught Buddhist philosophy, was a great missionary. His name indicates his office and position; Pythagoras in English is equivalent to putha-gorus in Greek and Budha-guru in Sanskrit, which impies that he was a Buddhis spiritual leader. Specifically, Pythagoras believed that the soul is an eternal, self-moving number that passes from body to body through metempsychosis, or transmigration, and that after spiritual purification the soul will cease reincarnation and eventuall unite with the divine.

Source: Google Books: The Serpent The Eagle The Lion & The Disk

The great teacher, Pythagoras, is both Indian and Greek and he was also both Buddhist and Vedic in his outlook. Recognition of these facts resolves the long hidden mystery regarding the origins of Hellenic civilization.

Source: Google Books: An English translation of the Sushruta samhita, based on original Sanskrit text

According to all accounts Pythagoras was the founder of the healing art amongst the Greeks and the Hellenic peoples in general. This great philosopher imbibed his mysteries and metaphysics from the Brahmanas of India. Mr. Pocock in his India in Greece identifies him with Buddhagurus or Buddha, and it is but an easy inference to suppose that he carried many recipes and aphorisms of his master’s Ayurveda with him. The sacred bean of Pythagoras is though to have been the Indian nelumbium (utpala).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pythagoras in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: An Introduction to Jain Philosophy

Pythagoras is identified with the Jain monk Pihitāśrava.—In many ways, Pythagorean beliefs and doctrines are similar to Jain doctrine. In Digambara scriptures, there are mentions of a monk, Pihitāśrava, who is none other than Pythagoras. It is believed that Pythagoras came to India and was ordained and trained by Jain scholars and ascetics. Thereafter he brought Jain Dharma to Greece and publicized its teachings there. Even now, there are many followers of Pythagoras in Greece and other parts of the world.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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