Pushpadanta, aka: Puṣpadanta, Pushpa-danta; 9 Definition(s)


Pushpadanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puṣpadanta can be transliterated into English as Puspadanta or Pushpadanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pushpadanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—One of the Aṣṭadiggajas. (The eight elephants of the quarters).

2) Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—One of the three soldiers given to Subrahmaṇya by Pārvatī. The other two were Unmāda and Śaṅkukarṇa. (Śloka 51, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

3) Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—One of the attendants of Śiva. Due to a curse Puṣpadanta was born on earth as Vararuci. (See under Vararuci). There was another curse also on him. (See under Jambukeśvara).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—Attacked the Asura followers of Bali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 17.

1b) A Yakṣa; a son of Devajanī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 128.

1c) The elephant of the sāma fold (Bṛhatsāma) with six tusks; his sons are Tāmraparṇa and others roaming in groups.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 337; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 221.

1d) A Kādraveya nāga; a serpent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 71.

1e) To be worshipped before the commencement of house and palace building operations.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 253. 26; 255. 9; 268. 15.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.47) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Puṣpadanta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Pushpadanta in Katha glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त) is the name of a subordinate of Śiva, who overheard him narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas to Pārvatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. Initially, he was denied entrance by Nandin, but through his magic power, became invisible, sneaked inside and overheard the story. Puṣpadanta narrated the story to his wife Jayā, who in turn, recited it in the presence of Pārvatī. She caused Puṣpadanta to be summoned and cursed him, together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.

Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows: “A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”

When asked by Pārvatī what happened to these cursed gaṇas (servants), Śiva answered: “My beloved, Puṣpadanta has been born under the name of Vararuci in that great city which is called Kauśāmbī. Moreover Mālyavān also has been born in the splendid city called Supratiṣṭhita under the name of Guṇāḍhya. This, O goddess, is what has befallen them.” (Note, besides Vararuci, he also goes by the name Kātyāyana.)

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Puṣpadanta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Pushpadanta in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the western quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Puṣpadanta).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त):—The ninth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Puṣpadantanātha, Suvidhi or Suvidhinātha. His colour is white (śveta), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 100 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 183 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Crocodile or Makara.

Puṣpadanta’s father is Sugrīva and his mother is Rāmā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pushpadanta in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—

1) Name of an attendant of Śiva.

2) Name of the author of the Mahimnastotra.

3) Name of the elephant presiding over the northwest; शुद्धाक्षमैन्द्रं भल्लाटं पुष्पदन्तं तथैव च (śuddhākṣamaindraṃ bhallāṭaṃ puṣpadantaṃ tathaiva ca) Hariv.

4) the sun and moon (dual).

Derivable forms: puṣpadantaḥ (पुष्पदन्तः).

Puṣpadanta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puṣpa and danta (दन्त).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—(1) n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.115.9 (here mss. °datta), 16; 116.1; in 116.11 referred to as Puṣpa-sāhvaya; (2) n. of a palace belonging to King Udayana: Divy 529.1 f.; 535.9, 19; (3) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Puṣpadanta (पुष्पदन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. The elephant presiding over the north-west quarter. 2. A chief of the Gand'harbas or Vidyad'haras, attendant upons Siva, to whom is ascribed the authorship of the “Mahimna Stotra”. 3. One of the Jinas or Jaina teachers. 4. A Naga or serpent of the infernal regions. m. dual. (-ntau) The sun and moon. E. puṣpa flower, and danta a tooth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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