Purvavideha, Pūrvavideha, Purva-videha: 6 definitions


Purvavideha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvavideha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह) refers to one of the mythical regions which the Bhikṣus visited when a famine broke out, according to the notes at Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “One day when the Buddha was at Rājagṛha, a famine broke out. The Bhikṣus who had magical powers went to various mythical regions, Jambudvīpa, Pūrvavideha, Aparagodāna, Uttarakuru, the Trāyastriṃśa heaven, to gather the marvelous foods and fruits which these regions produced and distributed them to the community”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह) is the name of a deity or entity to which is given homage to [i.e., oṃ yaṃ pūrvavidehāya namaḥ], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvavideha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह) in the east refers to one of the “four continents” (dvīpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 120). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pūrva-videha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvavideha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह).—one of the 4 Buddhist continents (see dvipa); -lipi, a kind of script: Lalitavistara 126.5. (Prāg-for Pūrva- is reported in AbhidhK, see s.v. dvīpa.)

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Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह) or Prāgvideha.—q.v., and see dvīpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvavideha (पूर्वविदेह):—[=pūrva-videha] [from pūrva] m. the country of the eastern Videhas (with Buddhists ‘one of the 4 continents’ [Dharmasaṃgraha 120])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvavideha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pūrvavidēha (ಪೂರ್ವವಿದೇಹ):—[noun] the country of the eastern Vidēhas.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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