Purvavat, Pūrvavat: 13 definitions


Purvavat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Purvavat in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्) refers to one of the three divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Gautama’s 2nd-century Nyāyasūtra (verse 1.1.5). Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). The first two types of anumāna [viz., pūrvavat and śeṣavat] are based on causation and the last one is on mere co-existence. It is called pūrvavat inference, when there is inference of the unperceived effect from a perceived cause. For example, when future rain is inferred from dark clouds in the sky it is pūrvavat inference.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purvavat in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्) refers to “prior behaviour”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.18 (“Gaṇeśa crowned as the chief of Gaṇas”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] When Pārvatī became free from fury, Śiva and Pārvatī behaved as before (pūrvavat) [tatra pūrvavatsaṃprapadya tām]. With a desire for the welfare of the worlds, the great deity relaxing in his own soul and engaged in the activities of the devotees conferred different kinds of happiness. Both Viṣṇu and I took leave of Śiva and after paying homage to both Pārvatī and Śiva returned to our abodes. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: A History of Indian Logic (Buddhist Philosophy)

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्) refers to the “a priori” type of inference (anumāna) (within a debate), according to Upāyakauśalyahṛdaya, an ancient work on the art of debate composed by Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna.— The three kinds of Inference (anumāna) and respective examples are: (1) a priori (pūrvavat) [“on seeing a cloud one infers that there will be rain”], (2) a posteriori (śeṣavat) [“on seeing a swollen river one infers that there was rain”] and (3) commonly seen (sāmānyatodṛṣṭa) [“on seeing a man move from one place to another, one infers that the sun, who rises in the east and sets in the west, must have moved”].

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्).—ad (S) As before; as in former time.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्).—ad As before; as in former time

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्).—a.

1) Having something antecedent or a cause.

2) Relating to something preceding; पूर्ववन्तोऽ- विधानार्थाः° (pūrvavanto'- vidhānārthāḥ°) MS.1.4.17. (cf. ye hi pūrvavanto viditapūrvamarthamabhi- vadanti te avidhānārthāḥ | ŚB. on ibid.) -n. One of the three kinds of अनुमान (anumāna), inference of the effect from the cause; i. e. inferring from the rising of clouds that rain will fall. -ind. As before.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्) or Pūrvvavat.—Ind. As before, as aforesaid, &c. E. pūrva, and vati aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्).—[pūrva + vat], adv. As before, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 213.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्).—[adverb] as before, as aforesaid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्):—[=pūrva-vat] [from pūrva] 1. pūrva-vat mfn. having (or relating to) something preceding or antecedent, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

2) [v.s. ...] (an argument) in which a conclusion is drawn from a previous cause to in effect, [Nyāya]

3) [v.s. ...] f. one who has been previously married, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra]

4) [=pūrva-vat] [from pūrva] 2. pūrva-vat ind. as before, as hitherto, as heretofore, as aforesaid

5) [v.s. ...] according to something previous (applied in the Nyāya to a kind of inference such as inferring from the previous appearance of a cloud that rain will fall), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a n. add, ‘reasoning from cause to effect’ (one of the 3 kinds of anumāna, cf. śeṣa-vat, p. 1332).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvavat (पूर्ववत्):—[pūrva-vat] adv. As before.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvavat in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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