Purvasagara, Pūrvasāgara, Purva-sagara: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Purvasagara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Purvasagara in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर) refers to the “east sea”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If Mars should be eclipsed by Rāhu [—the eclipsed or eclipsing lunar or solar disc as the case may be], the people of Āvanti, those living on the banks of the Kāverī and the Narmada and haughty princes will be afflicted with miseries. If Mercury should be so eclipsed, men living between the Ganges and the Yamunā, on the banks of the Sarayū and in the country of Nepāla, those living about the east sea [i.e., pūrvasāgara] and on the banks of the Śoṇa will suffer and women, princes, soldier boys and men of letters will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purvasagara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर) refers to the “eastern oceans”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.42 (“Description of the meeting of the Lord and the Mountain”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] On seeing the army of the gods Himavat was struck with wonder. Considering himself blessed he appeared in front of them. The gods too were struck with wonder on seeing his army. The gods and the mountains became delighted. The vast army of the mountains and the gods, O sage, on coming together shone like the eastern [e.g., pūrvasāgara] and western oceans in juxtaposition. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvasagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर).—the eastern ocean; स सेनां महतीं कर्षन् पूर्वसागरगामिनीम् (sa senāṃ mahatīṃ karṣan pūrvasāgaragāminīm) R.4.32.

Derivable forms: pūrvasāgaraḥ (पूर्वसागरः).

Pūrvasāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and sāgara (सागर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर).—m. the eastern sea, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 32.

Pūrvasāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and sāgara (सागर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर).—[masculine] the eastern sea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvasāgara (पूर्वसागर):—[=pūrva-sāgara] [from pūrva] m. the eastern sea, [Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvasagara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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