Purvardha, Pūrvārdha, Purva-ardha: 9 definitions


Purvardha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvardha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध) refers to the “chest”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, some say that generosity is the cause and condition (hetupratyaya) for obtaining the thirty-two marks. Why is that? [...] One finds out what the supplicant wants and gives it to him. For this act, one obtains the marks consisting of having a chest like a lion (siṃha-pūrvārdha-kāya) and perfectly rounded shoulders (susaṃvṛttaskandha). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvardha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—m (S pūrva & ardha). The first, hither, or nearer half (whether in time or in space): opp. to uttarārdha The thither or farther half.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—m The first half.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvardha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—

1) the first half; दिनस्य पूर्वार्धपरार्धभिन्ना छायेव मैत्री खलसज्जनानाम् (dinasya pūrvārdhaparārdhabhinnā chāyeva maitrī khalasajjanānām) Bhartṛhari 2.6; समाप्तं पूर्वार्धम् (samāptaṃ pūrvārdham) &c.

2) the upper part (of the body); शकुन्तला पूर्वार्धेन शयनादुत्थाय (śakuntalā pūrvārdhena śayanādutthāya) Ś.3; R.16.6.

3) the first half of a hemistich.

Derivable forms: pūrvārdhaḥ (पूर्वार्धः), pūrvārdham (पूर्वार्धम्).

Pūrvārdha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrva and ardha (अर्ध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध).—[masculine] ([neuter]) the front or upper part; the east side; the first half.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūrvārdha (पूर्वार्ध):—[from pūrva] m. (later n.) the front or upper part

2) [v.s. ...] eastern side (opp. to jaghanārdha, uttarārdha etc.), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the fore or first half (of a hemistich), [Śrutabodha]

4) [v.s. ...] (with dinasya) forenoon, [Bhartṛhari] etc.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvardha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvardha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pūrvārdha (ಪೂರ್ವಾರ್ಧ):—[noun] the first of the two halves.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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