Purvanivasa, Pūrvanivāsa: 2 definitions

Introduction

Purvanivasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Purvanivasa in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūrvanivāsa (पूर्वनिवास) or Pūrvanivāsajñānabala refers to one of the “ten powers” (daśabala) of the Bodhisattva, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 39. Accordingly, “by the power of the knowledge of previous abodes (pūrvanivāsa-jñānabala), he distinguishes and evaluates the earlier comings and goings of beings”.

Accordingly, “by using this knowledge (vidyā), for himself as well as for other people, the Buddha knows the former abodes occupied (pūrvanivāsa) during innumerable and infinite generations as well as the many causes and conditions from which they derive. The Buddha knows this fully and completely, and as this knowledge is intact (avyāhata) and invincible (ajeya) in him, it is called the ‘eighth power’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Purvanivasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pūrvanivāsa (पूर्वनिवास).—m., = pūrve-ni°, usually with forms or derivs. of anusmarati (as in Pali with anussarati): Mv i.160.3 (°saṃ vetti, one of 10 bala); 228.16; 229.5; 319.3; ii.132.15; 284.7, 8; iii.67.6; 321.9; Mvy 229 (see nidāna 1); Divy 619.8 ff.; Bhīk 27a.5; °sānusmṛti, one of the abhijñā, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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