Purvamnaya, Purva-amnaya, Pūrvāmnāya: 5 definitions


Purvamnaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Purvamnaya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Pūrvāmnāya (पूर्वाम्नाय) refers to the “previous tradition”, according to the Svacchandabhairavatantra.—The god explains that the realisation of the transcendental condition of Stillness (nirācāra), the supreme state, is known to the Bhairavas and Siddhas and has been transmitted through the Siddhakrama, the Transmission of the Siddhas. This, we are told, is ‘the previous tradition’ (pūrvāmnāya) which is, effectively, the one transmitted by Matsyendranātha who is credited with being the founder of Kaula Tantrism as a whole. This is the Command the god transmitted to the goddess.

2) Pūrvāmnāya (पूर्वाम्नाय) refers to one of the spiritual disciplines (darśana—systems) issued from the limbs of the body of the Goddess, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] All spiritual disciplines, whatever the tradition, are necessarily grounded in the same energy of the Śāmbhava state. They issue, as the texts put it, from the limbs of the body of the goddess who is this energy. These range from the lowest extremity—the left big toe—where Buddhism originates, to the highest—the End of Sixteen—where the Śāmbhava state is attained which is the source of the Kubjikā tradition. The systems (darśana) and their corresponding places of origin in the Goddess’s body are as follows: [9) Pūrvāmnāya—the forehead—lalāṭa, ...].

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Purvamnaya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Google Books: The Canon of the Śaivāgama and the The Kubjikā Tantras

Pūrvāmnāya (पूर्वाम्नाय).—This āmnāya is described as the Yoginīmatasāra present in both Kula and Kaula. The goddess manifests here in the form of the bliss of one’s own consciousness. This tradition teaches the best Kulācāra, namely the manner in which Kula emerges in the womb of Kula. Thus, the goddess of this āmnāya is Kuleśvarī who “devours the Kumārīkula”. This tradition transmits the consciousness which pervades the Sky of transcendental reality and through it Trika was brought into this world.

The goddess emerges from the centre of reality along with Paramānandabhairava. The whole universe is instructed by this power which is the paramount knowledge of the Divine Transmission (divyaugha). This maṭhikā is that of the line of Siddhas known as the Tradition of the Elders (vṛddhavallī). It is in this tradition that Siddhanātha incarnated in this world during each of the four Ages (yuga) as a Kaula master, as follows:

  1. First yuga: Khagendranātha; Consort: Vijāhutī; Disciples: Vimala and Suśobha;
  2. Second yuga: Kūrmanātha; Consort: Maṅgalājyotī; Disciples: Ajita and Vijita;
  3. Third yuga: Meṣanātha; Consort: Kāmāṅgā; Disciples: Khakulanātha and more than 64 Kulas.
  4. Fourth yuga: Mīnanātha; Consort: Kuṃkumā; Disciples: twelve princes.

To this fourth yuga belongs the Tradition of Oṃ (oṃvallī) founded by Mīnanātha, also called Piṅgalanātha, who obtained the knowledge of the Kulaśāstra which was thrown into the ocean by Kārttikeya. His consort was the princess Kuṃkumā (Kuṅkumā) from whom were born twelve princes; six of these were: Bhadra, Amarapāda, Mahendra, Khagendra, Mahīdhara and Guṇḍikanātha. These princes were said to have no authority to teach, while the six others, listed below did teach and were the founders of six traditions (ovallī): Amara, Varadeva, Citranātha, Olinātha, Vṛddhanātha, Guḍikanātha.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Purvamnaya in Hinduism glossary
Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

The Purvamnaya contains Vidyās for

  • three gurus sva-guru, parama-guru and paramesthi-guru
  • four peethas or seats of Devi, called Kāmagiri, Purnagiri, Jalandhara and Odyana
  • Gaṇapati, various forms of Śyāmala, Mrityunjaya, Pratyangira
Source: bhagavadgitausa.com: Sadasiva

The East Face (of Sadasiva) represents Purvamnaya, East Doctrine, which is concerned with creation, Mantra Yoga Marga, and 24 Tattvas. Purvam + Aamnaaya = East + tradition, sacred Text, legend. Each mantra has its guardian deity, who confers benevolence to the chanter. All the lesser gods and goddesses are the emanations of Siva and Sakti.

The East Face (facing front) is of pearly lustrous complexion with three eyes and a crescent moon on the crown; the Devis, Annapurna, Bhuvanesvari, Lakshmi, Lalita, Mahalakshmi, Nitya, Padma, Sarasvati, Shulini, Triputa, Tvaita, Vagvadini, Vajraprastarim received Mantras and appropriate rites from the East Face. 

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvamnaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pūrvāmnāya (पूर्वाम्नाय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—tantra attributed to Ratnadeva. Rep. p. 17.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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