Purvabhadrapada, Pūrvabhādrapadā: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Purvabhadrapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Pūrvabhādrapadā-nakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Pūrvabhādrapadā means “the first of the blessed feet” and is associated with the deity known as Ajaikapāt (Fire dragon). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Guru/Bṛhaspati (Jupiter).

Indian zodiac: |20° Kumbha| – |3°20' Mīna|
Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”) corresponds with Aquarius and Mīna (मीन, “fish”) corresponds with Pisces.

Western zodiac: |16°| – |29°20' Pisces|
Pisces corresponds with Mīna (मीन, “fish”).

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा) is the Sanskrit name for an asterism (Alpha-Pegasi). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.14-15, the master of the dramatic art (nāṭyācārya) should perform raṅgapūjā after offering pūjā to the Jarjara (Indra’s staff). Accordingly, “After proceeding thus according to rules and staying in the phayhouse for the night, he should begin pūjā as soon as it is morning. This pūjā connected with the stage should take place under the asterism Ārdrā, Maghā, Yāmyā, Pūrvaphalgunī, Pūrvāṣāḍhā, Pūrvabhādrapadā, Aśleṣā or Mūlā”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Pūrvabhādrapada (पूर्वभाद्रपद) (Nakṣatra) is considered negative for the recovery for a person to be bitten by snake, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The malignant asterisms and baneful lunar phases and astral combinations, with reference to snake-bite, are discussed in the tail-end of the fourth Adhyāya. [...] The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions the following details regarding the Nakṣatras:—The stars of a malignant nature that determine the virulence of the poison of the snake bite are [e.g., Pūrvabhādrapada] (Cf. verse IV.108)

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pūrvabhadrapadā (पूर्वभद्रपदा) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Pūrvabhadrapadā is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Che, Tibetan Khrums-stod and modern Pegasi.

Pūrvabhadrapadā is classified in the first group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (e.g., Pūrvabhadrapadā), then at that moment, the earth trembles (bhūmicala) as if it would collapse, this shaking extends up to the god of fire (Agni). Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are evil”.

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Pūrvabhadrapadā (पूर्वभद्रपदा) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Pūrvabhadrapadā] with a group of kingdoms for the sake of protection and prosperity.

The Pūrvabhadrapadānakṣatra and Uttarabhadrapadānakṣatra comprises the following realms:

  1. Heou-man-t'o (Homanda?),
  2. Chö-man-t'o (Śamanda?),
  3. T'eou-mo-kia (Dhumaka?),
  4. Tch'eou-mo-kia (Jumaka?),
  5. Kien-cha-p'o (Kaṃsava?),
  6. Kieou-tche (Kuci or Kuṭi?),
  7. Po-tch'a-li (Pukṣari?),
  8. Tö-tch'a-che-lo (Takṣaśilā),
  9. P'o-mi-p'o[so]-li (Vamivari or Vamisari?),
  10. Po-t'o-po-ti (Padapati?),
  11. Yeou-mop-tch'a (Umakṣa or Umakṣe?),
  12. Po-so-to-meou-li-mo (Pasatamurima?),
  13. P'o-lou-kia-tchö (Bharukaccha),
  14. P'o-lo-po-ti (Varapati?).
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Tibetan Buddhism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा) refers to the twenty-fifth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Pūrvabhādrapadā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Pūrvabhādrapadā is given the colour green].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrvābhādrapadā (पूर्वाभाद्रपदा).—f (S) The first of the two lunar asterisms called Bhadrapad, and the twenty-fifth of the whole.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pūrvābhādrapadā (पूर्वाभाद्रपदा).—f The twenty-fifth lunar mansion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purvabhadrapada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा) or Pūrvvabhādrapadā.—f.

(-dā) The first of the two lunar asterisms, called Bhadrapada, and twenty-sixth, of the whole, containing two stars. E. pūrva first, bhādrapadā the asterism so named; it is also read pūrvabhadrapadā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūrvabhadrapada (पूर्वभद्रपद):—[=pūrva-bhadra-pada] [from pūrva] m. (and f(ā). [plural]) = -bhādrap, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Pūrvabhādrapada (पूर्वभाद्रपद):—[=pūrva-bhādrapada] [from pūrva] m. (and f(ā). [plural]) the 25th Nakṣatra, the former of the two called Bhādrapadā (containing two stars), [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Colebrooke]

3) Pūrvābhādrapadā (पूर्वाभाद्रपदा):—[=pūrvā-bhādrapadā] [from pūrva] f. the 25th Nakṣatra, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] pūrva-bh).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrvabhādrapadā (पूर्वभाद्रपदा):—[pūrva-bhādrapadā] (dā) 1. f. First of the two asterisms called Bhādrapadā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purvabhadrapada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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