Purushapundarika, Puruṣapuṇḍarīka, Purusha-pundarika: 8 definitions


Purushapundarika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puruṣapuṇḍarīka can be transliterated into English as Purusapundarika or Purushapundarika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Purushapundarika in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक) is the name of the sixth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The parents of as Puruṣapuṇḍarīka are known as king Mahāśiva and queen Lakṣmīvatī whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Vāsudevas (such as Puruṣapuṇḍarīka) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक), the son of Lakṣmīvatī and Mahāśiras, is one of the nine black Vāsudevas, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] There will be nine black Vāsudevas, enjoyers of three parts of the earth, with half so much power as the Cakrins. [...] In Cakrapurī, Puruṣapuṇḍarīka, in the interval between Ara and Malli, son of Lakṣmīvatī and Mahāśiras, nineteen bows tall, living for sixty-five thousand years, will go to the sixth hell”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purushapundarika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक).—a superior or eminent man.

Derivable forms: puruṣapuṇḍarīkaḥ (पुरुषपुण्डरीकः).

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puruṣa and puṇḍarīka (पुण्डरीक). See also (synonyms): puruṣapuṅgava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An excellent or superior man. 2. The seventh of the nine persons called Vasudevas by the Jainas. E. puruṣa mankind, and puṇḍarīka a lotus, or here used to signify pre-eminence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक):—[=puruṣa-puṇḍarīka] [from puruṣa] m. ‘man-lotus’, = [preceding] [ib.], (with Jainas) Name of the 6th black Vāsudeva

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣapuṇḍarīka (पुरुषपुण्डरीक):—[puruṣa-puṇḍarīka] (kaḥ) 1. m. The 7th of the nine persons called Vasudevas by the Jainas; a fine man.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purushapundarika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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