Purohita: 13 definitions
Purohita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Purohit.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 1.
- 2) Ib. X. 53; 12.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 76; III. 26. 22; 27, 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 70; 90, 72; 101. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 34. 29; VI. 6. 26.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 229. 12; 230. 9-11; 231. 9.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Purohita (पुरोहित, “priest”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Purohita). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation
Purohita (पुरोहित, “house-priest”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The purohita is the house-priest who conducts the religious ceremonies, conversant with magic mantras and is an artistic poet.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Purohita.—(CII 4; SII 1; BL; ASLV; HD), a priest; a family priest; the royal priest; occurs in the list of functionaries in records like those of the Gāhaḍavālas (Ep. Ind., Vol. IX, p. 305) and Senas (ibid., Vol. XII, p. 9). See Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, pp. 111-12, 117. Note: purohita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
purohita : (m.) a king's religious adviser.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Purohita, (purah+pp. of dhā, ch. Vedic purohita) 1. placed in front, i.e. foremost or at the top, in phrase devā Inda-purohitā the gods with Inda at their head J. VI, 127 (=Indaṃ pure-cārikaṃ katvā C.).—2. the king’s headpriest (brahmanic), or domestic chaplain, acting at the same time as a sort of Prime Minister D. I, 138; J. I, 210; V, 127 (his wife as brāhmaṇī); Pug. 56 (brāhmaṇa p.); Miln. 241, 343 (dhamma-nagare p.); PvA. 74. (Page 470)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
purōhita (पुरोहित).—m (S) The family-priest; the Brahman that conducts all the ceremonials and sacrifices of a house or family.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
purōhita (पुरोहित).—m The family-priest.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Purohita (पुरोहित).—p. p.
1) Placed in front.
2) Appointed, charged, entrusted.
-taḥ 1 One charged with a business, an agent.
2) A family-priest, one who conducts all the ceremonial rites of the family. मन्त्रिपुरोहितसखः (mantripurohitasakhaḥ) (rājā); ......... अमात्यानुपधाभिः शौचयेत् (amātyānupadhābhiḥ śaucayet) Kau. A.1.1; पुरोहितो हितो वेदस्मृतिज्ञः सत्यवाक् शुचिः (purohito hito vedasmṛtijñaḥ satyavāk śuciḥ) Kavikalpalatā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Purohita (पुरोहित).—Adj. 1. Placed in front. 2. Charged. m.
(-taḥ) The purohita or family priest, conducting all the ceremonials and sacrifices of a house or family. E. puras first, and hit held, revered.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Purohita (पुरोहित).—see dhā with puras.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Purohita (पुरोहित).—[adjective] set before, commissioned, appointed; [masculine] an appointed priest, [especially] house-priest of a prince.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Purohita (पुरोहित):—[=puro-hita] [from puro > pur] mfn. (puro-.) placed foremost or in front, charged, commissioned, appointed
2) [v.s. ...] m. one holding a charge or commission, an agent
3) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) a family priest, a domestic chaplain, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([Religious Thought and Life in India 352 etc.])
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Aggapurohita, Apurohita, Brahmapurohita, Brihahpatipurohita, Brihaspatipurohita, Brihat-purohita, Daityapurohita, Devapurohita, Indrapurohita, Mahabrahmapurohita, Mahapurohita, Nakanayakapurohita, Narayana purohita, Nilambara purohita, Sapurohita, Upapurohita.
Full-text (+145): Purohitatva, Paurohita, Purodhaniya, Rajyanga, Brahmapurohita, Paurohitya, Purohitakarman, Brihaspatipurohita, Paurodhasa, Devapurohita, Marka, Samvatsara, Dhayya, Apurohita, Manimanjari, Utsahabuddhi, Porohita, Porohicca, Pani, Brahmagargya.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Purohita, Puro-hita, Purōhita; (plurals include: Purohitas, hitas, Purōhitas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Tibetan tales (derived from Indian sources) (by W. R. S. Ralston)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.6.125 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama (the most beloved devotees)]
Verse 1.2.23 < [Chapter 2 - Divya (the celestial plane)]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)