Purohita: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Purohita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Purohit.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purohita in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Purohita (पुरोहित).—Of the Asuras;1 versed in the Atharvan rites; performed homa prior to Rukminī's marriage;2 of the king;3 does expiatory ceremonies to ward off evils to the state.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 1.
  • 2) Ib. X. 53; 12.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 76; III. 26. 22; 27, 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 70; 90, 72; 101. 81; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 34. 29; VI. 6. 26.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 229. 12; 230. 9-11; 231. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Purohita (पुरोहित, “priest”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Purohita). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Purohita (पुरोहित, “house-priest”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The purohita is the house-priest who conducts the religious ceremonies, conversant with magic mantras and is an artistic poet.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Purohita.—(CII 4; SII 1; BL; ASLV; HD), a priest; a family priest; the royal priest; occurs in the list of functionaries in records like those of the Gāhaḍavālas (Ep. Ind., Vol. IX, p. 305) and Senas (ibid., Vol. XII, p. 9). See Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, pp. 111-12, 117. Note: purohita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purohita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

purohita : (m.) a king's religious adviser.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Purohita, (purah+pp. of dhā, ch. Vedic purohita) 1. placed in front, i.e. foremost or at the top, in phrase devā Inda-purohitā the gods with Inda at their head J. VI, 127 (=Indaṃ pure-cārikaṃ katvā C.).—2. the king’s headpriest (brahmanic), or domestic chaplain, acting at the same time as a sort of Prime Minister D. I, 138; J. I, 210; V, 127 (his wife as brāhmaṇī); Pug. 56 (brāhmaṇa p.); Miln. 241, 343 (dhamma-nagare p.); PvA. 74. (Page 470)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

purōhita (पुरोहित).—m (S) The family-priest; the Brahman that conducts all the ceremonials and sacrifices of a house or family.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

purōhita (पुरोहित).—m The family-priest.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित).—p. p.

1) Placed in front.

2) Appointed, charged, entrusted.

-taḥ 1 One charged with a business, an agent.

2) A family-priest, one who conducts all the ceremonial rites of the family. मन्त्रिपुरोहितसखः (mantripurohitasakhaḥ) (rājā); ......... अमात्यानुपधाभिः शौचयेत् (amātyānupadhābhiḥ śaucayet) Kau. A.1.1; पुरोहितो हितो वेदस्मृतिज्ञः सत्यवाक् शुचिः (purohito hito vedasmṛtijñaḥ satyavāk śuciḥ) Kavikalpalatā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित).—Adj. 1. Placed in front. 2. Charged. m.

(-taḥ) The purohita or family priest, conducting all the ceremonials and sacrifices of a house or family. E. puras first, and hit held, revered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित).—see dhā with puras.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित).—[adjective] set before, commissioned, appointed; [masculine] an appointed priest, [especially] house-priest of a prince.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purohita (पुरोहित):—[=puro-hita] [from puro > pur] mfn. (puro-.) placed foremost or in front, charged, commissioned, appointed

2) [v.s. ...] m. one holding a charge or commission, an agent

3) [v.s. ...] ([especially]) a family priest, a domestic chaplain, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([Religious Thought and Life in India 352 etc.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित):—[puro-hita] (taḥ) 1. m. A family priest.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Purohita (पुरोहित):—

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Purohita (पुरोहित):—Adj. beauftragt , aufgestellt , bestimmt ; m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Beauftragter , Sachwalter ; insbes. ein aufgestellter , beauftragter Priester , der Hauspriester eines Fürsten.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purohita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Purohita (पुरोहित) [Also spelled purohit]:—(nm) a Hindu priest; priest; patrico; ~[ta-taṃtra] priestly hierarchy; ~[tāī/tī] priesthood, priestdom; office and function of a priest; ~[tānī] wife of a [purohita]; a female [purohita].

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