Purodhas: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Purodhas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Purodhas (पुरोधस्) refers to “chaplain” (chief priest of the king), and their beard (śmaśru) should be represented as white (śveta), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Purodhas in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Purodhas (पुरोधस्) refers to the “chaplain” (i.e., the Purohita), according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 19.54.—Accordingly: “The ministers joined by the chaplain (purodhas) who knew the last rites placed him on the pyre in secret in the palace garden, under the pretext of a ceremony that averts disease”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Purodhas (पुरोधस्) (Cf. Purohita) refers to the “court officiant”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “For only the Court Officiant (purodhas) accomplishes for Kings all seen and unseen aims, especially when this Deity is installed, worshipped and so on. Any defectiveness of his (i.e. of the King) is due to the faults of the Court Officiant, and similarly [every] excellence of the same King in [the performance of] rituals [depends on the Officiant], oh Master of the Earth!”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Purodhas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Purodhas (पुरोधस्) refers to a “priest”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing that Pārvatī was returning, Menā and Himavat excessively delighted went ahead seated in a divine vehicle. [...] The auspicious water-pot was placed in the main highway decorated with sandal paste, aguru, musk and branches of trees with fruits. The priests (purodhas), Brahmins and sages reciting the Vedas, dancing girls, all went ahead seated on lofty elephants to receive her. All round stumps of plantain trees were fixed. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purodhas (पुरोधस्).—m. A family-priest (particularly that of a king.)

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Purodhas (पुरोधस्).—&c. See under पुरस् (puras).

See also (synonyms): puroḍāśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purodhas (पुरोधस्).—m.

(-dhāḥ) The family or domestic priest. E. puras before, dhā to have, asi Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purodhas (पुरोधस्).—i. e. puras and vb. dhā, m. The family or domestic priest of a prince, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 71, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purodhas (पुरोधस्).—[masculine] appointed priest, house-priest of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purodhas (पुरोधस्):—[=puro-dhas] [from puro > pur] m. ‘placed at the head’, chief priest of a king, domestic chaplain, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Saṃskārakaustubha] √

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purodhas (पुरोधस्):—(dhāḥ) 5. m. A family priest.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purodhas (पुरोधस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Puroha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purodhas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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