Purnopama, Purna-upama, Pūrṇopamā: 8 definitions



Purnopama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Pūrṇopamā (पूर्णोपमा) refers to one of the two varieties of Upamā: one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa under the list of arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—An example of upamā where the four requisites, i.e., upameya, upamāna, words suggestive of similarity and common attribute are present, is known as pūrṇā and where anyone or two or three of the four requisites are not mentioned, it is known as luptā.

Example of the pūrṇopamā-alaṃkāra. Cirañjīva has drawn the example of pūrṇopamā from his own work Kalpalatā:

uditānanda sandohastimitāruṇalocanā |
iyaṃ gāyati tanvṅgī kokileva kalasvaram ||

“The damsel whose eyes are motionless with passion due to raise of profuse joy is singing like a cuckoo with sweet voice”.

Notes In this verse, the cuckoo is upamāna, the damsel is upameya, singing with melodious voice is the common attribute and the word iva is suggestive of similarity. So it is an example of purṇopamā.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Purnopama in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Pūrṇopamā (पूर्णोपमा) refers to a type of Upamā (“simile”) which represents one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—In XI.11 of the Bhīṣmacarita, the poet has made a beautiful use of ‘pūrṇopamā’ by comparing Satyavatī with the fire of sacrifice.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purnopama in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pūrṇōpamā (पूर्णोपमा).—f S A complete or full illustration. See luprōpamā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purnopama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrṇopamā (पूर्णोपमा).—a full or complete simile, i. e. one in which the four requisites उपमान, उपमेय, साधारणधर्म (upamāna, upameya, sādhāraṇadharma) and उपमाप्रतिपादक (upamāpratipādaka) are all expressed; (opp. luptopamā); e. g. अम्भोरुहमिवाताम्नं मुग्धे करतलं तव (ambhoruhamivātāmnaṃ mugdhe karatalaṃ tava); see K. P.1 under उपमा (upamā).

Pūrṇopamā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pūrṇa and upamā (उपमा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇopamā (पूर्णोपमा).—f.

(-mā) A complete simile, in which the four requisites, namely upameya, upamāna, sādhāraṇadharmma, and upamāvācaka must all be expressed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇopamā (पूर्णोपमा):—[from pūrṇa > pūra] f. a complete comparison (containing the four requisites upamāna, upameya. sādhāraṇa-dharma, and upamā-vācaka or sādṛśya-pratipādaka; opp. to luptāpamā), [Kāvyaprakāśa; Kuvalayānanda; Pratāparudrīya]

[Sanskrit to German]

Purnopama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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