Purnaka, Pūrṇaka: 11 definitions


Purnaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक) refers to “being filled (with water)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, after the Kṛttikās spoke to Kārttikeya: “[...] Then Śiva, the lord of the universe, following the worldly convention delightedly placed Kārttikeya on a beautiful gemset throne. With hundreds of gemset pots filled (pūrṇaka) with the waters of holy centres sanctified by Vedic mantras he performed his ceremonial ablution joyously. Viṣṇu gave him a crown, a coronet and bracelets moulded and set in gems, his own necklace Vaijayanti and the discus. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक) refers to “(being) filled (with offerings)” (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] Four Nāga kings should be prepared in the middle of the ditch. [...] Decorations should be prepared with lotuses made of barley grits all around outside the maṇḍala. Distributing four gates, seven [jars] filled with offerings (bali-pūrṇaka) should be placed on each side. Having placed a white offering of what is obtainable with an arrangement of various juices, flowers should be scattered. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक).—

1) A kind of tree.

2) A cock.

3) The blue jay; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.57.4.

Derivable forms: pūrṇakaḥ (पूर्णकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक) or Pūrṇa.—(1) (1): Mahāvastu i.245.10; Divyāvadāna 29.22, 26; 30.5, 10, 14, 16; 31.22; 40.18; 44.15; only the last is in a verse, the rest are prose, often occurring close to the form Pūrṇa which is much commoner, and without any discernible difference of meaning; (2) = Pūrṇa (4): only in a verse, Divyāvadāna 44.15; (3) = Pūrṇa (6): Mahā-Māyūrī 40; 54; 235.12; 236.29; (4) adj. pūrṇaka (= Sanskrit pūrṇa; nowhere recorded [Page351-b+ 71] in this meaning), full: pañcāśa varsāṇi su-pūrṇakāni Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 115.7 (verse), full 50 years; here perhaps -ka m.c.; but prose in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.252.20 (same passage Divyāvadāna 133.24 pūrṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A cock. 2. A kind of tree. f.

(-rṇikā) A sort of bird, described as having a double or cleft beak; also nāsācchinnī. E. pūrṇa full, kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक).—[pūrṇa + ka] (vb. pṛ), I. adj. Filled, full, Mahābhārata 7, 2199. Ii. m. 1. A certain tree, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 38. 2. The blue jay. Iii. f. nikā, A sort of bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक).—[masculine] a cert. tree; [feminine] pūrṇikā a cert. bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक):—[from pūra] m. a species of tree, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the blue jay (= svarṇa-cūḍa), [Mahābhārata] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

3) [v.s. ...] a cock, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] vessel or utensil (used by the Magas), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] = dhānya-jvara, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrṇaka (पूर्णक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A cock. f. (ṇikā) A bird with a cleft beak.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purnaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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