Puratthimadesa: 2 definitions
Puratthimadesa means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geography
Puratthimadesa represents one of the four original divisions of Anurādhapura. Puratthimadesa or Pācīnadesa or Pubbadesa (in inscriptions, Pajiṇapasa or Pādumpasa), the eastern division, which included all the area from near Mihintale eastward to the Mahavāli Gaṅga.
Anurādhapura was first founded as a village settlement in the second half of the 6th century B.C. by a Minister named Anurādha of the first, traditional King, Vijaya. The original kingdom of Anurādhapura extended over the entire northern and north-central plain. It was divided into four main divisions (e.g., Puratthimadesa), named after the four cardinal directions, and this nomenclature persisted long after the whole of Ceylon had been united as one kingdom in B.C. 161.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text: Pacinadesa, Pajinapasa, Padumpasa, Pubbadesa.
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