Puratthima, Puratthimā: 4 definitions



Puratthima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Puratthima in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Puratthimā (“east”) represents one of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Puratthimā or Purimā is a Pali word and is known in Sanskrit as pūrvā, in Tibetan as śar and in Chinese as tong.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puratthima in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

puratthima : (adj.) eastern.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Puratthima, (adj.) (fr. *pura, cp. Prk. (AMg.) puratthima, Acc. to Pischel, Gr. § 602 a der. fr. purastāt (=P. puratthaṃ) as *purastima, like *pratyastima (=paccatthima) fr. *pratyastaṃ) eastern D. I, 153; S. I, 144; J. I, 71 (°âbhimukha: Gotama facing E. under the Bo tree). (Page 469)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puratthima in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Puratthima (पुरत्थिम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit words: Paurastya, Pūrva.

2) Puratthimā (पुरत्थिमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pūrvā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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