Puratthima, Puratthimā: 4 definitions
Puratthima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Puratthimā (“east”) represents one of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Puratthimā or Purimā is a Pali word and is known in Sanskrit as pūrvā, in Tibetan as śar and in Chinese as tong.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
puratthima : (adj.) eastern.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Puratthima, (adj.) (fr. *pura, cp. Prk. (AMg.) puratthima, Acc. to Pischel, Gr. § 602 a der. fr. purastāt (=P. puratthaṃ) as *purastima, like *pratyastima (=paccatthima) fr. *pratyastaṃ) eastern D. I, 153; S. I, 144; J. I, 71 (°âbhimukha: Gotama facing E. under the Bo tree). (Page 469)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
2) Puratthimā (पुरत्थिमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pūrvā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Puratthimadesa.
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