Puranapurusha, Purāṇapuruṣa, Purana-purusha: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Puranapurusha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Purāṇapuruṣa can be transliterated into English as Puranapurusa or Puranapurusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Vāma, Vāmarūpa, Vāmanetra, Aghora, the great lord and the Vikaṭa. Obeisance to Tatpuruṣa, to Nātha, the ancient Puruṣa (i.e., Purāṇapuruṣa), the bestower of the four aims of life, Vratin, and Parameṣṭhin. Obeisance to you, Īśānas, Īśvara, Brahman, of the form of Brahman, the Supreme Soul”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष).—The Supreme Being or Viśvātmā, revealed the Purāṇas;1 is Nārāyaṇa;2 is Kumāra.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 2; 61.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 81; 22. 13.
  • 3) Ib. 22. 13.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Shaktism glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष) refers to “eternal being” and is explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.60.—“The blessed ones behold the eternal being (purāṇapuruṣa), whose feet are praised by the Vedas, who is dark like a [rain] cloud, who holds the śrīvatsa, the kaustubha, the mace, the lotus, the conch and the wheel, whose abode is the lotus of the heart, [and] who is the single root of the worlds”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष) refers to the “men of olden times”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fools mourn for relations experiencing the results of their own actions [but] because of the confusion of [their] intelligence [they do] not [mourn for] themselves situated in Yama’s fangs.—[com.—Next he speaks about the power (vaśitvaṃ) of death (mṛtyoḥ) even over the three times (traikālye) for the men of old (purāṇapuruṣāṇām)]—In this forest that is the cycle of rebirth dwelt in by Yama the serpent-king, the men of olden times (purāṇapuruṣa), who were eternal previously, have come to an end”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष).—m (S purāṇa Ancient, puruṣa Man or male) A title of God, Ancient of days. Dan. vii. 9.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष).—m A title of God.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष).—

1) an epithet of Viṣṇu.

2) an old man; यद् वदन्ति चपलेत्यपवादं तन्न दूषणमहो चपलायाः । दोष एष जलधेः पितुरस्या यत् पुराणपुरुषाय ददौ ताम् (yad vadanti capaletyapavādaṃ tanna dūṣaṇamaho capalāyāḥ | doṣa eṣa jaladheḥ piturasyā yat purāṇapuruṣāya dadau tām) Subhāṣ.; (where both senses are intended).

Derivable forms: purāṇapuruṣaḥ (पुराणपुरुषः).

Purāṇapuruṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms purāṇa and puruṣa (पुरुष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) Vishnu. E. purāṇa old or primeval, and puruṣa man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष):—[=purāṇa-puruṣa] [from purāṇa > pur] m. ‘primeval male’, Name of Viṣṇu, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purāṇapuruṣa (पुराणपुरुष):—[purāṇa-puruṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. Vishnu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Puranapurusha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puranapurusha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Purāṇapuruṣa (ಪುರಾಣಪುರುಷ):—

1) [noun] a very old man.

2) [noun] Viṣṇu (or Křṣṇa) as the person who has no beginning.

3) [noun] Śiva.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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