Pumsavana, aka: Puṃsavana; 5 Definition(s)
Pumsavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Puṃsavana (पुंसवन) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
1a) Puṃsavana (पुंसवन).—A vrata of a year's duration imposed on Ditī by Kaśyapa for the birth of a son capable of killing Indra; details of the vrata are given; generally begun by a woman with the permission of her husband on the bright fortnight of Mārgaśīrṣa; worship of Lakṣmīnārāyaṇa with the havis śeṣa; 12 Ahūtis made to Agni; this is to continue for twelve months; on the last day of Kārtikai she should keep fast; next day the husband offers twelve oblations according to the rule of pākayajña; Brahmanas to be fed and the remnant of the caru to be offered to his wife; by this one is said to attain desired objects; it can be observed by an unmarried girl or married woman or mother for the sake of auspiciousness.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 47-54; 19. 5-28.
1b) Here Vāyu met Añjanā who gave birth to Hanumān.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 224.
1c) A saṃskāra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 275. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Puṃsavana (पुंसवन) refers to the “protection of the child in mother’s womb” and represents one of the sixteen saṃskāras, or “ceremonies” accompanying the individual during the Gṛhastha (householder) stage of the Āśrama way of life. These ceremonies (eg., puṃsavana-saṃskāra) are community affairs and at each ceremony relations and friends gather for community eating.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The saṃskāra, or life-cycle ritual, designed to bring about the birth of a male child. It is supposed to take place during pregnancy, but there is disagreement among the sources on dharma about precisely when, or the particular form it should take. A number of accounts involve inserting a pounded substance (prepared, for example, from a nyagrodha tree) into the wife's right nostril.Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism
India history and geogprahy
Pumsavana refers to one of those ceremonies of the Nambutiris performed after marriage, during pregnancy or during the birth of a child. Pumsavana is performed in the third month of pregnancy for the purpose of securing male offspring. The desire of the Hindu for male rather than female children need not be dilated on. Putra (a son) is the one who saves from hell (put). It is by every religious text made clear that it is the duty of every man to produce a son. The Nambutiri may have practically any number of wives in succession, until he begets a son by one of them, and he may adopt a son through the sarvasvadanam form of marriage. On the day devoted to the Pumsavana ceremony, the wife fasts until she is fed by her husband with one grain of corn, symbolizing the generative organs of the male.Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Pumsavana or Puṃsavana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.27 < [Section VIII - Duties and Sacraments]
Verse 2.26 < [Section VIII - Duties and Sacraments]
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Gobhila-gṛhya-sūtra (by Gobhila)
Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Śāṅkhāyana)
Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra (by Pāraskara)
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)