Pulinda, Pulindā: 20 definitions



Pulinda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—The people of the country of Pulinda. Information available regarding them from the Mahābhārata is given below:

Pulindas were originally Kṣatriyas. But they became Śūdras by a curse of the brahmins. (Chapter 33, Anuśāsana Parva).

Pulindas who belong to the mleccha tribe became rulers in Kaliyuga. (Chapter 186, Vana Parva).

Pulindas were born from the foam of the celestial cow Nandinī of sage Vasiṣṭha when she got enraged. (Chapter 165, Āśramavāsika Parva).

Bhīma fought against the Pulindas and destroyed all their big cities. (Chapter 26, Sabhā Parva).

In the great Mahābhārata battle Pulindas fought on the side of Duryodhana. (Chapter 158, Udyoga Parva).

2) Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—A mleccha tribe of ancient Dakṣiṇabhārata. The Vāmana Purāṇa gives some details regarding them.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—The son of Bhadraka and father of Ghoṣa of the Śunga dynasty.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 17.

1b) A tribe of Dakṣiṇapatha formed into a caste by Purañjaya; purified of sin by the worship of Hari;1 kings of the;2 kingdom of the, established by Visvaphāṇi;3 elevated to royalty by Viśvasphaṭika.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 36; II. 4. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 126; 47. 48; 98. 108; 99. 268 and 378.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 58; III. 73. 108; 74. 191; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 48; 121. 49.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 62.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pulinda (पुलिन्द) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.10, V.158.20, VI.10.60, VI.83.7, VIII.51.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pulinda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pulinda (पुलिन्द) is the name of a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

The Pulindas are usually to be represented by a brown (asita) color when painting the limbs (aṅgaracanā), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The painting is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Pulinda (पुलिन्द) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Pulinda] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the wild tribes of Ceylon, evidently to be identified with the present Veddas. Their ancestry is traced to Jivahattha and Dipella, the son and daughter of Vijaya by Kuveni. Mhv.vii.58; MT.264, 266.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pulinda (पुलिन्द) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Pulindas, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Pulinda (पुलिन्द) is the name of an ancient kingdom situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Pulindas are mentioned in Rock Edict XIII of Asoka as a vassal tribe along with the Andhras, and Bhojas. In a passage of the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa the Pulindas are mentioned along with the Andhras; in the Purāṇas (viz. Matsya, Vāyu), however, they are mentioned with the Sabares and are referred to as Dakṣiṇāpathavāsinaḥ together with the Vaidarbhas and the Daṇḍakas. The Mahābhārata also places the Pulindas, Andhras and the Sabares in Dakṣiṇāpatha.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pulinda (पुलिंद).—m (S) A barbarian, a savage or mountaineer; one who uses an uncultivated or a barbarous dialect.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pulinda (पुलिंद).—m A barbarian, mountaineer.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—

1) Name of a barbarous tribe (usually in pl.).

2) A man of this tribe, a savage, barbarian, mountaineer; वन्यैः पुलिन्दैरिव वानरैस्ताः क्लिश्यन्त उद्यानलता मदीयाः (vanyaiḥ pulindairiva vānaraistāḥ kliśyanta udyānalatā madīyāḥ) R.16.19,32.

3) A hunter; तेषामन्तराणि वागुरिकशबरपुलिन्दचण्डालारण्यचरा रक्षेयुः (teṣāmantarāṇi vāgurikaśabarapulindacaṇḍālāraṇyacarā rakṣeyuḥ) Kau. A.2.1.19.

Derivable forms: pulindaḥ (पुलिन्दः).

See also (synonyms): pulindaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pulindā (पुलिन्दा).—name of a nāga maid: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—m.

(-ndaḥ) A barbarian, a Mlechch'ha, a savage or mountaineer, one who uses an uncultivated and unintelligible dialect. E. pul to be large, Unadi aff. kindac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—m. 1. pl. The name of a barbarian tribe. 2. One belonging to this tribe, [Pañcatantra] 120, 8. 3. A prince of the Pulindas, Mahābhārata 2, 119.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pulinda (पुलिन्द).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pulinda (पुलिन्द):—[from pula] m. [plural] ([Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 85]) Name of a barbarous tribe, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (sg.) a man or the king of this tribe

3) [v.s. ...] a barbarian, mountaineer, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] the mast or rib of a ship (= polinda), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Pulindā (पुलिन्दा):—[from pulinda > pula] f. Name of a serpent-maid, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pulinda (पुलिन्द):—(ndaḥ) 1. m. A barbarian.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pulinda (पुलिन्द):——

1) m. — a) Pl. Nomen proprium eines barbarischen Volksstammes. Wird später den bhilla und śabara gleichgesetzt. — b) ein Individuum dieses Volkes — c) ein Fürst der Pulinda. — d) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten. — e) * = polinda Mast oder Ribbe eines Schiffes.

2) f. ā Nomen proprium einer Schlangen-Jungfrau [Kāraṇḍavyūha 4,7.] —

3) f. ī — a) f. zu

1) b). — b) ein best. Rāga von fünf Tönen [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 101,106.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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