Pulaka, Pulāka, Pūlaka, Pūlāka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Pulaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pulaka (पुलक).—A daitya who was transformed into an animal. There is a story in the Skanda Purāṇa about him thus-Pulaka performed penance and got from Śiva a boon that he should possess astonishing smell in his body. The demon used to entice even celestial ladies by means of his smell. He thus became a menace to the three worlds. Devas complained to Śiva. Śiva got angry and commanded him to abandon his demoniac form and become an animal. Pulaka agreed to do so but requested Śiva to grant him the smell even in his state of an animal. Śiva granted that.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pulaka (पुलक).—Killed the king Bṛhadratha and installed his son, Bālaka on the throne.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 30; 272. 1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Pulāka (पुलाक, “husk”).—One of the five types of ascetics (nirgrantha-muni);—Pulāka literally means ‘empty’ or ‘shelled grain’. The saint, whose mind is devoid of the practice of even observance of secondary vows (of the ascetic) and who sometimes lapses (at some places or times) in perfect observance of even the primary vows (of the ascetic) is called husk (pulāka).

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pūlaka.—(CII 4), a small bundle (Ep. Ind., Vol. IV, p. 309). Note: pūlaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pulaka : (m.) a worm.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pulaka, (cp. Sk. pulāka, Halāyudha 5, 43; not Sk. pulaka, as Kern, Toev. s. v. for which see also Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. pilus) shrivelled grain Miln. 232 (sukka-yava° of dried barley); DhA. II, 154 (SS; T. reads mūlakaṃ, which is expld by Bdhgh as “nitthusaṃ katvā ussedetvā gahita-yava-taṇḍula vuccanti” ibid). Here belongs pulasa-patta of J. III, 478. (vv. ll. pulā°, mūlā°, mulā°; expld by C. as “saṇhāṇi pulasa-gaccha-paṇṇāni, ” thus taking pulasa as a kind of shrub, prob. because the word was not properly understood). (Page 470)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pulaka (पुलक).—m S Erection of the hairs of the body, horripilation.

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puḷakā (पुळका).—m (Imit. puḷa! puḷa!) Discharging thin matter from the bowels: also such discharge: also a long-lasting slopping of rain; teasing begging &c. &c. v lāva, lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pulaka (पुलक).—m Erection of the hairs of the body, horripilation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pulaka (पुलक).—1 Erection or bristling of the hairs of the body, a thrill (of joy or fear), horripilation; चारु चुचुम्ब नितम्बवती दयितं पुलकैरनुकूले (cāru cucumba nitambavatī dayitaṃ pulakairanukūle) Gīt.1; मृगमदतिलकं लिखति सपुलकं मृगमिव रजनीकरे (mṛgamadatilakaṃ likhati sapulakaṃ mṛgamiva rajanīkare) 7; Amaru.59,82.

2) A kind of stone or gem; Kau. A.2.11.29.

3) A flaw or defect in a gem.

4) A kind of mineral.

5) A ball of food with which elephants are fed (gajānnapiṇḍa).

6) Yellow orpiment, a dot of the same; रक्तोज्ज्वलांशुकवृते द्विरदस्य कुम्भे जाम्बूनदेन रचितः पुलको यथैव (raktojjvalāṃśukavṛte dviradasya kumbhe jāmbūnadena racitaḥ pulako yathaiva) Abhiṣeka.4.23.

7) A wine-glass.

8) A species of mustard.

9) See पुलाकः (pulākaḥ) (1); अश्राद्धेयानि धान्यानि कोद्रवाः पुलकास्तथा (aśrāddheyāni dhānyāni kodravāḥ pulakāstathā) Mb.13.91.38 (com. pulakāḥ asaṃpūrṇataṇḍulayuktadhānyāni).

1) A bunch.

Derivable forms: pulakaḥ (पुलकः).

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Pulāka (पुलाक).—

1) Empty, bad or shrivelled grain; पुलाकाश्चैव धान्यानाम् (pulākāścaiva dhānyānām) (dātavyam) Ms.1.125. (v. l.); पुलाका इव धान्येषु (pulākā iva dhānyeṣu) Pt.3.98.

2) A lump of boiled rice.

3) Abridgment, compendium,

4) Brevity, conciseness.

5) Rice-water.

6) Despatch, celerity.

7) Smallness.

Derivable forms: pulākaḥ (पुलाकः), pulākam (पुलाकम्).

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Pūlaka (पूलक).—

1) A bundle, pack; न हि अवद्धे काष्ठपूलके एकस्मिन्नाकृष्यमाणे काष्ठान्तराणि कृष्यन्ते (na hi avaddhe kāṣṭhapūlake ekasminnākṛṣyamāṇe kāṣṭhāntarāṇi kṛṣyante) ŚB. on MS.9.1.26.

2) A kind of cake; cf. पूलदानम् (pūladānam), Mātaṅga. L.11.8.

Derivable forms: pūlakaḥ (पूलकः).

See also (synonyms): pūla.

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Pūlāka (पूलाक).—= पुलाक (pulāka) q. v.

Derivable forms: pūlākaḥ (पूलाकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pulaka (पुलक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Erection of the hairs of the body, considered as occasioned by internal pleasure or satisfaction. 2. An insect of any class, affecting animals whether externally or internally. 3. A sort of stone. 4. Flaw or defect in a gem. 5. A ball of bread and sweetmeats with which elephants are fed. 6. Yellow orpiment. 7. A Gand'harba or heavenly quirister. 8. A wine goblet or glass. 9. A sort of mustard. E. pul to be great, kan aff.

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Pulāka (पुलाक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. Shrivelled or blighted grain. 2. Rice-water, (according to some medical authorities.) 3. A lump of boiled-rice. 4. Brevity, compendium, abbreviation. 5. Smallness, a little. 6. Despatch, celerity. E. pul greatness, ak to be or go, aff. ac .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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