Proshitabhartrika, Proshita-bhartrika, Proṣitabhartṛka, Proṣitabhartṛkā: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Proshitabhartrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Proṣitabhartṛka and Proṣitabhartṛkā can be transliterated into English as Prositabhartrka or Proshitabhartrika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Proshitabhartrika in Natyashastra glossary
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Proṣitabhartṛka (प्रोषितभर्तृक) refers to “one with a sojourning husband” and represents a type of mistress (nāyikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The different nāyikās, or ‘heroines’ of dramatic plays (nāṭaka) are defined according to the rules of king’s etiquette to women.

Accordingly, “a woman whose husband (lit. the beloved one) is living abroad on account of serious duties and who has the ends of her hairs scattered, is called a heroine (nāyikā) with a sojourning husband (vipralabdhā)”.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Proṣitabhartṛkā (प्रोषितभर्तृका) refers to a “[heroine] whose husband is abroad” and represents one of the “eight heroines” (aṣṭanāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24 and the Abhinaya-sāra-saṃputa chapter 2.—The aṣṭanāyikās (eight heroines) who are separately described in eight ways according to their different emotional states or moods towards the hero. Chapter 24 of the Nāṭyaśāstra and chapter II of Abhinaya-sara-samputa speak of these aṣṭanāyikās [viz., Proṣitabhartṛkā] in detail.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of proshitabhartrika or prositabhartrka in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Proshitabhartrika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Proṣitabhartṛkā (प्रोषितभर्तृका).—a woman whose husband is gone abroad; one of the eight Nāyikās in erotic poetry. She is thus defined in S. D. :-नानाकार्यवशाद् यस्या दूरदेशं गतः पतिः । सा मनोभवदुःखार्ता भवेत् प्रोषितभर्तृका (nānākāryavaśād yasyā dūradeśaṃ gataḥ patiḥ | sā manobhavaduḥkhārtā bhavet proṣitabhartṛkā) || 119.

Proṣitabhartṛkā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms proṣita and bhartṛkā (भर्तृका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Proṣitabhartṛkā (प्रोषितभर्तृका).—f.

(-kā) A woman whose husband is absent. E. proṣita abroad, bharttṛ a husband, aff. kan and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Proṣitabhartṛkā (प्रोषितभर्तृका):—[=proṣita-bhartṛkā] [from proṣita > pra-vas] f. (a wife) whose husband is abroad

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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