Prokshana, Prōkṣaṇa, Prokṣaṇa: 11 definitions

Introduction

Prokshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Prōkṣaṇa and Prokṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Proksana or Prokshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prokshana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण) or Jalaprakṣepa refers to the “sprinkling of water”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the purity of the place of worship shall be heightened with the mantra ‘Śambhavāya’ etc. The sprinkling of water (prokṣaṇa) over Pañcāmṛta shall be performed with the word Namaḥ prefixed”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Prokṣāṇa (प्रोक्षाण) refers to “sprinkling”, representing one of the possible preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Each act in a pūjā is not only physical and/or mental, but also symbolic, cosmic, and spiritual. Sprinkling, sipping, and bathing are symbolic of purification, of the worshipped as well as of the worshipper and the surroundings. Various offerings [viz., prokṣāṇa] symbolize the surrendering of one’s latent tendencies (vāsanā) as expressed in thoughts, words, and deeds.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prokshana in Shaivism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण) refers to the “sprinkling of water” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Prokṣaṇa is mentioned in the Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14), Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4), Pūrvakāmika-āgama (chapter 8), Pūrvakāraṇa-āgama (chapter 22), Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21), Raurava-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 15), Cintya-āgama (chapter 10) and the Svāyambhuva-āgama (chapter 17).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prokshana in Hinduism glossary
Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Dīpapūjā (दीपपूजा) refers to “sprinkling water from the vessel and the conch” representing one of the various preparatory rites performed before pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—The worshipper now purifies himself and the utensils for worship by sprinkling water (prokṣāṇa) from the vessel and the conch by means of a flower or durva grass. The act of sprinkling water, a common means of purification, on utensils which are to be used in sacrifice occurs already in the srauta ritual. The mantra employed here is a well-known verse which is recited for purificatory purposes on many occasions. it expresses the conviction that the mere recalling of Viṣṇu’s name removes inner (mental and outer (bodily) impurities.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prokshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prōkṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—n (S) Sprinkling. prōkṣaṇēṃ v c To sprinkle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prōkṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—n Sprinkling. prōkṣaṇēṃ v t To sprinkle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prokshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—

1) Sprinkling, sprinkling with water; अद्भिस्तु प्रोक्षणं शौचं बहूनां धान्यवाससाम् (adbhistu prokṣaṇaṃ śaucaṃ bahūnāṃ dhānyavāsasām) Ms.5.118; Y.1.184.

2) Consecration by sprinkling.

3) Immolation (of animals) at a sacrifice.

4) A text to be repeated at an animal-sacrifice.

5) A vessel for holy water.

-ṇī, prokṣaṇiḥ f. Water used for sprinkling or consecrating, holy water; याभिरद्भिर्हविषः पुरोडाशानां च प्रोक्षणं कृतं ताः प्रोक्षण्यः (yābhiradbhirhaviṣaḥ puroḍāśānāṃ ca prokṣaṇaṃ kṛtaṃ tāḥ prokṣaṇyaḥ) Karka. (Used in pl., and sometimes used to denote 'the vessel containing holy water', in which sense the word generally used is prokṣaṇīpātra).

Derivable forms: prokṣaṇam (प्रोक्षणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Killing animals in sacrifice, immolation of victims. 2. Killing, slaughter. 3. Sprinkling with water, &c. 4. A text to be repeated when animals are offered. E. pra before, ūkṣ to sprinkle, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—i. e. pra-ukṣ + ana, n. 1. Sprinkling with water, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 115. 2. Immolation of victims.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण).—[neuter] the same; [feminine] ṇī water for sprinkling, holy water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prokṣaṇa (प्रोक्षण):—[from prokṣa > prokṣ] n. idem, consecration by sprinkling (of a sacrificial animal or of a dead body before burial), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a vessel for holy water, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] ṇī)

3) [v.s. ...] immolation of victims, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (-vidhi m. Name of [work])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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