Priyaka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Priyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Priyaka (प्रियक) is a synonym for Priyaṅgu, which is a Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant (Callicarpa macrophylla). It is a technical term used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. This synonym was identified by Amarasiṃha in his Amarakośa (a Sanskrit botanical thesaurus from the 4th century). It is also mentioned as a synonym in the Bhāvaprakāśa-nighaṇṭu (medicinal thesareus) authored by Bhāvamiśra 16th century.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Priyaka (प्रियक).—A soldier of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 65, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Priyaka (प्रियक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.60) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Priyaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Priyaka (प्रियक) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Shorea robusta) under which the parents of Abhinandana are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Śvetāmbara tradition. It can also be spelled as Piyaka. According to the Digambara tradition the tree is known as Prayāla. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Abhinandana is the fourth of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Saṃvara and his mother is Siddhartha, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Priyaka (प्रियक) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Priyaka tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Priyaka (प्रियक).—

1) A kind of deer; 'प्रियको रोमभिर्युक्तो मृदूच्चमसृणैर्घनैः (priyako romabhiryukto mṛdūccamasṛṇairghanaiḥ)' Vaijayantī; विचलितैः परितः प्रियकव्रजैः (vicalitaiḥ paritaḥ priyakavrajaiḥ) Śi.4.32.

2) The tree called नीप, कदम्ब (nīpa, kadamba); उद्यानमुज्जिहानायाः प्रियका यत्र पादपाः (udyānamujjihānāyāḥ priyakā yatra pādapāḥ) Rām.2.71.12.

3) The creeper प्रियङ्गु (priyaṅgu).

4) A bee.

5) A kind of bird.

6) Saffron.

-kī The skin of the प्रियक (priyaka) deer; Rām.3.43.36.

-kam A flower of the aśana tree; उन्निद्रप्रियकमनोरमं रमण्याः संरेजे सरसि वपुः प्रकाशमेव (unnidrapriyakamanoramaṃ ramaṇyāḥ saṃreje sarasi vapuḥ prakāśameva) Śi.8.28.

Derivable forms: priyakaḥ (प्रियकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Priyaka (प्रियक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A kind of tree, (Nauclea cadamba.) 2. A plant, commonly Priyangu. 3. A tree, (Pentaptera tomentosa.) 4. A variegated or spotted deer. 5. A bee. 6. Saffron. E. kan added to the preceding.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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