Preshyatyagapratima, Preṣyatyāgapratimā, Preshya-tyaga-pratima: 1 definition

Introduction:

Preshyatyagapratima means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Preṣyatyāgapratimā can be transliterated into English as Presyatyagapratima or Preshyatyagapratima, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Preshyatyagapratima in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Preṣyatyāgapratimā (प्रेष्यत्यागप्रतिमा) refers to “the stage of breaking the ties with the household life ” and represents the ninth of eleven pratimās (stages of spiritual progress) according to Śvetāmbara. In Digambara, the ninth pratimā is known as parigraha-tyāga and in Āvaśyakacūrṇi as ārambha-tyāga.—The description of the ninth stage in the Pañcāśaka is fair warrant for asserting that it corresponds both to the ‘abandonment of acquisitiveness’ and the ‘abandonment of approval for the house-hold life’ which figure in the Digambara enumeration. In this pratimā when he ceases to have work done by servants the layman is to lay down the burden of worldly cares on his sons or brothers or on other members of his household (this would in effect correspond to what the Digambaras call sakala-datti), to reduce to the minimum his acquisitive hankerings (mamatva) and to fosterthe longing for final release (saṃvega).

For the Digambaras parigraha-tyāga is the abandonment of the ten external attachments since in Cāmuṇḍaraya’s words parigraha is the begetter of the four kaṣāyas, of ārta- and raudra-dhyāna, and of fear. In this stage the layman is to refuse to express any opinion onhousehold affairs even when it is sought by those dearest to him.

The word pratimā means a statue and is used in another specifcally Jaina sense to designate the kāyotsara. The medieval ācāryas, however, quite plainly conceive of the pratimās (e.g., preṣya-tyāga-pratimā) as performing a regular progressing series in Amitagati’s words, a sopāna-mārga, a ladder on each rung of which the aspirant layman is to rest for a number of months proportionate to its place on the list before he is fit to supplement and reinforce his acheivement by the practice of the succeeding stage.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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