Preman: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Preman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Preman (प्रेमन्) or Prema refers to “emotions of love”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.24. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on hearing her [Satī’s] words Rāma became happy, his eyes shining with brilliance. He thought upon his lord Śiva. Emotions of love (preman) swelled in his heart. O sage, without the specific permission of Śatī he did not go near Śiva. Describing his greatness Rāma spoke to Satī again”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Preman (प्रेमन्) refers to Buddha’s “affection for beings”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51. Accordingly, “[...] In his great loving-kindness (mahāmaitrī), the Buddha has an affection (preman) for beings which penetrates to the marrow of the bones (asthimajjan). He is constantly dying for beings”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Preman (प्रेमन्).—m., n. [priyasya bhāvaḥ imanic prādeśaḥ ekāckatvāt na ṭilopaḥ Tv.]

1) Love, affection; तत् प्रेम हेमनिकषोपलतां तनोति (tat prema hemanikaṣopalatāṃ tanoti) Gīt.11; Me.46; भद्रं प्रेम सुमानुषस्य कथमप्येकं हि तत् प्राप्यते (bhadraṃ prema sumānuṣasya kathamapyekaṃ hi tat prāpyate) U.1.

2) Favour, kindness, kind or tender regard.

3) Sport, pastime.

4) Joy, delight, gladness. -m.

1) A jest, joke.

2) Wind, air.

3) An epithet of Indra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Preman (प्रेमन्).—mn. (-mā-ma) 1. Affection, kindness, tender regard. 2. Pleasure, sport, pastime, joy. m.

(-mā) 1. Indra. 2. Air. E. pre for priya loved, imanic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Preman (प्रेमन्).—i. e. I. prī + man (and priya + iman), n., [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 56, 16, and m. Love, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 45; kindness, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 187; 3337. Ii. m. 1. A name of Indra. 2. Wind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Preman (प्रेमन्).—[masculine] [neuter] love, affection, kindness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Preman (प्रेमन्):—[from prī] a mn. love, affection, kindness, tender regard, favour, predilection, fondness, l° etc. towards ([locative case] or [compound]), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Kāvya literature] etc. (also [plural])

2) [v.s. ...] joy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. sport, a jest, joke, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of various men, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) b preyas etc. See p. 711, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Preman (प्रेमन्):—[(mā-ma)] 5. m. n. Affection, love; pleasure. m. Indra; air.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Preman (प्रेमन्):—

--- OR ---

Preman (प्रेमन्):—

1) tvayi prakṛṣṭapremā (adj. f.) [UTTARARĀMAC. 39, 7 (53, 4).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Preman (प्रेमन्):——

1) m. n. — a) Liebe , Zuneigung , Vorliebe , Liebhaberei ([Indische sprüche 7621]), Gunst , Zärtlichkeit , Liebe u.s.w. zu (Loc. oder im Comp. vorangehend). Auch Pl. — b) *Freude.

2) m. — a) Scherz , Spass. Pl. [Sāhityadarpaṇa 136.] — b) *Wind. — c) *Beiname Indra's. — d) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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