Preksha, Prekṣā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Preksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prekṣā can be transliterated into English as Preksa or Preksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prekṣā (प्रेक्षा, “spectacle”) is a Sanskrit technical term used in plays and dramas (nāṭya), as explained in the Nāṭyaśāstra.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

The terms like rūpaka or rūpa (representation) and prekṣā (spectacle), all denoting dramatic works, also characterise the Hindu dramas and show their difference from the drama of the Greeks who laid emphasis on action and not on the spectacle.

Indians from very early times considered plays to be essentially ‘spectacle’ (prekṣā) or ‘things’ to be visualised; hence persons the performance of a play were always referred to (XXVII. 48-57) as ‘spectators’ or ‘observers’ (prekṣaka) and never as audience (śrotṛ), although there was always the speech element in it, which was a thing to be heard.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Prekṣā (प्रेक्षा).—Appearance, the being seen or understood; cf. दूतो निर्ऋत्या इदमा-जगाम । पञ्चम्यर्थप्रेक्षा वा षष्ठ्यर्थप्रेक्षा वा । (dūto nirṛtyā idamā-jagāma | pañcamyarthaprekṣā vā ṣaṣṭhyarthaprekṣā vā |) Nir. I. 17;

2) Prekṣā.—Thoughtful consideration, cf. य एव मनुष्यः प्रेक्षापूर्वकारी भवति सो (ya eva manuṣyaḥ prekṣāpūrvakārī bhavati so)Sध्रुवेण निमित्तेन ध्रुवं निमित्तमुपादत्ते (dhruveṇa nimittena dhruvaṃ nimittamupādatte), M. Bh. on P. I. 1.26 Vart, 5,

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prekṣā (प्रेक्षा).—

1) Viewing, seeing, beholding.

2) A look, view, sight, appearance.

3) Being a looker-on.

4) Any public spectacle or show, sight.

5) Particularly, a theatrical show, dramatic performance, play.

6) Intellect, understanding.

7) Reflection, consideration, deliberation; सा तस्मै सर्वमाचष्ट (sā tasmai sarvamācaṣṭa) ...... प्रत्युक्तं च यवक्रीतं प्रेक्षापूर्वं तथात्मना (pratyuktaṃ ca yavakrītaṃ prekṣāpūrvaṃ tathātmanā) Mb.3.136.7.

8) The branch of a tree.

9) Splendour; प्रेक्षां क्षिपन्तं हरितोपलाद्रेः (prekṣāṃ kṣipantaṃ haritopalādreḥ) Bhāg. 3.8.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣā (प्रेक्षा).—f.

(-kṣā) 1. Intellect, understanding. 2. Dancing. 3. Seeing, viewing, observing. 4. Seeing a play or entertainment of dancing, &c. 5. The branch of a tree. 6. Deliberation, reflection. E. pra before, īkṣ to see, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣā (प्रेक्षा).—i. e. pra-īkṣ + a, f. 1. Seeing, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 9, 11. 2. Seeing a play or entertainment of dancing, etc., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 48. 3. Any public spectacle. 4. Consideration, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 6462; intellect.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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