Prekṣaṇa, Prekshana: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Prekṣaṇa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prekṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Preksana or Prekshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Preskhan.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Vastushastra glossary
Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—In the Mānasāra, several words denote the synthetic and analytic seeing of the sthapati in the course of making the temple and image. The most commonly occurring are prekṣaṇa, parīkṣaṇa and vīkṣaṇa. They conjoin respectively the prefixes pra, “before, in front of”, pari, “around”, and vi, “apart, asunder” to √īkṣ, “to see”.

The “observation” in the course of these tests (bhūmisaṃgraha) is mentioned in the text as prekṣaṇa. The prefix, pra, “before” (that is, whole and undissected) points ta the synaesthetic nature of the observation, engaging the entire sensorium of sight, sound, smell, taste and touch.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prekṣaṇā (प्रेक्षणा) refers to a “(gracious) look”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] Śāmbhavī is said to be the state that is generated having contemplated the lotus feet of the venerable teacher above one’s head. (It arises) for one who, by seeing the form of the teacher, (becomes profoundly tranquil and so) thinks of nothing. Śāmbhava is (the type of) penetration (āveśa) that will arise for one who is intent on the meditation that follows on from that (tadanudhyāna) and is dedicated to that task. (In other words, it happens) to the (disciple) who (experiences) the (state of) meditation even though (he is) distant (from his teacher who has) induced (his practice) by that (gracious) look (prekṣaṇā)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prēkṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—n S prēkṣā f S Looking, viewing, contemplating: also seeing. 2 fig. Mental contemplation; consideration or examination.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prēkṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—n prēkṣā f Looking, viewing. Seeing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—

1) Viewing, seeing.

2) A view, look, appearance.

3) The eye; चकितहरिणीप्रेक्षणा (cakitahariṇīprekṣaṇā) Meghadūta 84.

4) Any public show or spectacle, sight, show.

5) A dramatic representation; प्रेक्षणावसाने (prekṣaṇāvasāne) V.3.

6) A place where public exhibitions are held; Manusmṛti 9.264.

Derivable forms: prekṣaṇam (प्रेक्षणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—(?) (perhaps hyper-Sanskrit, see § 2.26, or error, for Sanskrit preṣaṇa), sending forth, in dautya-prekṣaṇe Lalitavistara 432.18-19, so all mss., Calcutta (see LV.) °ṇa-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. The eye. 2. Any public show or spectacle, a sight. 2. A place where public exhibitions are held. nf.

(-ṇaṃ-ṇā) Seeing, viewing, looking at, regarding. E. pra before, īkṣ to see, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—i. e. pra-īkṣ + ana, I. n., and f. ṇā, Seeing, looking at, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1212; looking wantonly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 179. 2. Seeing, visiting, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 18, 16 ([Prakrit]). Ii. n. 1. The eye. 2. A public spectacle, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 264.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण).—[neuter] look, view, sight, spectacle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण):—[from prekṣaka > prekṣ] n. viewing, looking at or on (at a performance), [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. ā) a view, look, sight, [Meghadūta]

3) [v.s. ...] the eye, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] any public show or spectacle, [Manu-smṛti; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] a place where public exhibitions are held, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण):—[pre+kṣaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. The eye; a shew. (ṇā-ṇaṃ) f. n. Seeing, viewing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pikkhaṇa, Picchaṇa, Picchaṇaya, Pekkhaṇa, Pekkhaṇā, Pehaṇa, Pehā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prekṣaṇa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prekṣaṇa (प्रेक्षण) [Also spelled preskhan]:—(nm) observing; viewing, seeing; witnessing; ~[kṣita] observed, viewed, seen.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prekṣaṇa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prēkṣaṇa (ಪ್ರೇಕ್ಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the organ of sight; the eye.

2) [noun] the act of seeing; perception by the eyes; sight.

3) [noun] something seen; view; sight.

4) [noun] a variety of dance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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