Prayuta: 16 definitions


Prayuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—A Devagandharva. He was born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Muni. (Śloka 43, Chapter 65, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—A Mauneya Gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Prayuta (प्रयुत) refers to a “million” (1,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., prayuta]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Prayuta (प्रयुत) is the fourteenth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., prayuta), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prayuta (प्रयुत).—n S Ten hundred thousand, a million.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prayuta (प्रयुत).—n A million.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—a.

1) Joined, united.

2) Separated.

-tam A million; लक्षप्रयुतकोटयः (lakṣaprayutakoṭayaḥ) Līlā.; बहूनीह सहस्राणि प्रयुतान्यर्बुदानि च (bahūnīha sahasrāṇi prayutānyarbudāni ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.35.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Joined, combined, united. n.

(-taṃ) Ten hundred thousand, a million. E. pra before, yu to join, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—[pra-yuta] (vb. yu), n. A million, Chr. 33, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuta (प्रयुत).—[neuter] a million.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayuta (प्रयुत):—[=pra-yuta] [from pra-yu] a mfn. (pra-) absent in mind, inattentive, heedless, careless (cf. a-pray), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] n. (pra-yuta) (also m., [Siddhānta-kaumudī]) a million, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]; etc. (cf. 2. ayuta).

3) [=pra-yuta] [from pra-yu] b mfn. (pra-) mingled with ([instrumental case]), [Mānava-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] confused (as a dream), [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] destroyed, annihilated, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Deva-gandharva, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuta (प्रयुत):—[pra-yuta] (taṃ) 1. n. A million. a. Joined.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prayuta (प्रयुत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayuta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prayuta (ಪ್ರಯುತ):—

1) [adjective] pure or purified; sacred or sanctfied.

2) [adjective] having or showing a tendency to submit without resistance; docile; yielding; submissive; humble.

3) [adjective] having subjugated one’s passions.

--- OR ---

Prayuta (ಪ್ರಯುತ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being pure, sacred or holy.

2) [noun] a sacred, holy man.

--- OR ---

Prayuta (ಪ್ರಯುತ):—

1) [adjective] = ಪ್ರಯುಕ್ತ [prayukta]1 - 1.

2) [adjective] not mixed, merged; ununited; remaining apart.

--- OR ---

Prayuta (ಪ್ರಯುತ):—[noun] a thousand thousands; a million; 10,00,000.

--- OR ---

Prayuta (ಪ್ರಯುತ):—[adjective] amounting to one million in number; million.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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