Prayuj: 8 definitions


Prayuj means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prayuj (प्रयुज्).—7 Ā.

1) To use, employ; अयमपि च गिरं नस्त्वत् प्रबोधयुक्ताम् (ayamapi ca giraṃ nastvat prabodhayuktām) R.5.74; सद्भावे साधुभावे च सदित्येतत्प्रयुज्यते (sadbhāve sādhubhāve ca sadityetatprayujyate) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 17.26.

2) To appoint, employ, direct, order; मा मां प्रयुक्थाः कुलकीर्तिलोपे (mā māṃ prayukthāḥ kulakīrtilope) Bhaṭṭikāvya 3.54; प्रायुङ्क्त राज्ये बत दुष्करे त्वाम् (prāyuṅkta rājye bata duṣkare tvām) 3.51; Kumārasambhava 7.85.

6) To give, bestow, confer; आशिषं प्रयुयुजे न वाहिनीम् (āśiṣaṃ prayuyuje na vāhinīm) R.11.6;2.7;5.35;15.8.

4) To move, set in motion; मरुत्प्रयुक्ताः (marutprayuktāḥ) (bālalatāḥ) R.2.1.

5) To excite, urge, prompt, drive on; अथावमानेन पितुः प्रयुक्ता (athāvamānena pituḥ prayuktā) Ku. 1.21; अथ केन प्रयुक्तोऽयं पापं चरति पूरुषः (atha kena prayukto'yaṃ pāpaṃ carati pūruṣaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.36.

6) To perform, do; प्रयुक्तपाणिग्रहणोपचारौ (prayuktapāṇigrahaṇopacārau) Kumārasambhava 7.86;17.12.

7) To represent on the stage, act, perform; उत्तरं रामचरितं तत्प्रणीतं प्रयोक्ष्यते (uttaraṃ rāmacaritaṃ tatpraṇītaṃ prayokṣyate) Uttararāmacarita 1.2; Kumārasambhava 5.35; परिषदि प्रयुञ्जानस्य मम (pariṣadi prayuñjānasya mama) Mu.1.

8) To lend for use, put to interest (as money &c.); धेनुरुष्ट्रो वहन्नश्वो यश्च दम्यः प्रयुज्यते (dhenuruṣṭro vahannaśvo yaśca damyaḥ prayujyate) Manusmṛti 8.146.

9) To harness, yoke.

1) To appoint, invest, instal (in an office).

11) To cast, hurl, throw (as a missile); direct; प्रयुक्तमप्यस्त्रमितो वृथा स्यात् (prayuktamapyastramito vṛthā syāt) R.2.34.

12) To be fit, become.

13) To impose, inflict (with loc. or gename of person). -Caus.

1) To use, employ; भोजयेत् सह भृत्यैस्ता- वानृशंस्यं प्रयोजयन् (bhojayet saha bhṛtyaistā- vānṛśaṃsyaṃ prayojayan) Manusmṛti 3.112.

2) To exact (as interest).

3) To perform, practise.

--- OR ---

Prayuj (प्रयुज्).—f. Ved.

1) Impulse, motive, cause.

2) Acquisition, gain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuj (प्रयुज्).—mfn. (-yuk) Who or what joins or is connected with, literally or figuratively, as a cause, motive, &c. E. pra before, yuj to join, kvip aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuj (प्रयुज्).—[feminine] team of horses; impulse, activity, acquisition.

--- OR ---

Prayuj (प्रयुज्).—[Middle] (A.) harness, put to ([locative]), prepare ([instrumental]) for ([dative]), join with ([instrumental]), set in motion, hurl, cast shut off-at ([locative] or [dative]), turn or fix upon ([locative]), utter, pronounce, show, manifest; animate, impel, bid, direct to ([dative] or [locative]), elect, choose for (2 [accusative]), bring to or into ([accusative]), place at or upon ([locative]), add; use, employ; effect, produce; arrange, execute, perform ([drama]). [Passive] be fit or suitable. c. hurl, cast; bring forth, utter, show, betray; fix, concentrate (the mind); direct, instruct, appoint to ([locative]), commit to ([dative]), begin, undertake; represent, perform; use, employ; exact (interest).

Prayuj is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pra and yuj (युज्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayuj (प्रयुज्):—[=pra-√yuj] a [Ātmanepada] -yuṅkte (rarely [Parasmaipada] -yunakti; cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 64]),

—to yoke or join or harness to ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to unite with ([instrumental case]), [Atharva-veda];

—to turn (the mind) to ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to prepare for ([dative case]), [ib.];

—to set in motion, throw, cast (also dice), discharge, hurl at ([locative case] or [dative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to utter, pronounce, speak, recite, [ib.];

—to fix, place in or on ([locative case]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to direct, order, urge to ([dative case] or [locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to choose for (two [accusative]), [Kumāra-sambhava];

—to lead towards, bring into ([accusative]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to use, employ, practise, display, exhibit, perform, accomplish, contrive, do, [Brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.;

—to undertake, commence, begin, [Vaitāna-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa];

—to cause, effect, produce, [Kumāra-sambhava; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha];

—to represent on the stage, act, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kālidāsa];

—to lend (for use or interest), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] :

—[Passive voice] -yujyate, to be fit or suitable, conduce to ([dative case]), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra] :

—[Causal] -yojayati, to throw, discharge, hurl at or against ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata];

—to utter, pronounce, [Rāmāyaṇa];

—to show, display, exhibit, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

— (with manas) to concentrate the mind, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad];

—to urge, direct, appoint to ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

—to transfer or entrust to ([dative case]), [Mahābhārata];

—to undertake, begin, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra];

—to represent on the stage, [Harivaṃśa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa];

—to cause to be represented by ([instrumental case]), [Uttararāma-carita];

—to use, employ, [Mahābhārata; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Suśruta] etc.;

—to perform, practise, [Manu-smṛti iii, 112];

— (with vṛddhim) to take interest, [ib. x, 117];

— (with prayogam) to invest capital, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka];

—to be applicable [gana] kṣubhnādi;

—to aim at, have in view, [Pāṇini 6-3, 62 [Scholiast or Commentator]]:

—[Desiderative] -yuyukṣate, to wish to use, want, require, [Patañjali]

2) [=pra-yuj] b f. ([probably]) a team, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] impulse, motive, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] acquisition, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] (yujāṃ havīṃṣi or yug-ghav Name of 12 oblations, one of which is offered each month, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa])

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. joining, connected with ([literally] or [figuratively], as a cause, motive etc.), [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayuj (प्रयुज्):—[pra-yuj] (k) a. Connecting, joining.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prayuj (प्रयुज्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pauṃja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayuj in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of prayuj in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: