Prayoktavya: 8 definitions


Prayoktavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Prayoktavya in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य) refers to the “administration of food/medicine” (in the treatment of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] If the disease is caused by a general wasting of the system, [...] the proper thing to do is [...] to administer the fresh meat of a hen sparrow; or, the flesh of hogs may also be given (prayoktavya) in small quantities according to the strength of the bird; or, the flesh of birds mixed with cow-butter. Warm-water is to be given with discretion, and, after that, water mixed with camphor, from time to time”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Prayoktavya in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य) refers to “that which should be used everywhere” (as part of an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] A bell (ghaṇṭā) should be fixed at the top of the jars. Nalada, sarja-resin, olibanum, nakha, nāgapuṣpa and white mustard should be joined with candied sugar. These should be enchanted with the mantra 108 times. Incense should be offered by that. This incense should be used everywhere (prayoktavya). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayoktavya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) Applicable, suitable, to be applied or employed. E. pra before, yuj to unite, aff. tavya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य).—[adjective] = prayojya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य):—[=pra-yoktavya] a mfn. to be thrown or discharged, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] to be used or employed, applicable, suitable, [ib.; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] to be exhibited or represented, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

4) [v.s. ...] to be uttered or pronounced or recited, [Śikṣā; Śaṃkarācārya]

5) [=pra-yoktavya] b pra-yoga, pra-yojaka See pra-√yuj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayoktavya (प्रयोक्तव्य):—[(vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) a.] Applicable.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayoktavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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