Prayata, Prayāta: 11 definitions


Prayata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Prayāta (प्रयात) means “to set out (on a particular path)”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.116-125.—Accordingly, “[...] And there is no rebirth (udbhava) in this world for those Pāśupata sages who follow the observance of the skull, they who abide by the Atimārga. For the practitioners of the Atimārga there is only indifference. Those who have set out on (prayāta) the Atimārga only delight in indifference. Those who die on the saline ground go along that path, but of all saline grounds Vārāṇasī is the best, O sage. And there is no sprouting for those who die there. The body abandoned on the cremation ground merges in the Lord of Time. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prayata (प्रयत).—p. p.

1) Restrained, self-subdued, holy, pious, devout, purified by austerities or religious observances; keeping the organs of sense under restraint; प्रयतपरिग्रह- द्वितीयः (prayataparigraha- dvitīyaḥ) R.1.95;8.11;13.7; समादिदेश प्रयतां तनूजाम् (samādideśa prayatāṃ tanūjām) Kumārasambhava 1.58;3.16; शुचिः प्रयतवाक्चित्तः स्तुत्वा माद्रीसुतोऽथ तम् (śuciḥ prayatavākcittaḥ stutvā mādrīsuto'tha tam) Bm.2.133; प्रयते केरलदेशे प्रथितं राराष्टि कोटिलिङ्गपुरम् (prayate keraladeśe prathitaṃ rārāṣṭi koṭiliṅgapuram) Rām. Ch.1.1.

2) Zealous, intent; प्रयतोपचराम्यहम् (prayatopacarāmyaham) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.233. 19.

3) Submissive.

4) Careful, prudent.

-taḥ A holy or pious person.

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Prayāta (प्रयात).—p. p.

1) Advanced, gone forth, departed.

2) Deceased, dead; तत्र प्रयाता गच्छन्ति ब्रह्म ब्रह्मविदो जनाः (tatra prayātā gacchanti brahma brahmavido janāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 8.24.

-taḥ 1 An invasion.

2) A precipice, steep rock.

-tam going, gait; जितकलहंसवधूगति प्रयातम् (jitakalahaṃsavadhūgati prayātam) Kirātārjunīya 1.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayata (प्रयत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Well-governed, restrained, self-subdued. 2. Careful, prudent. m.

(-taḥ) A holy or pious person, one purified by austerity and mortification. f.

(-tā) 1. Pure. 2. Submissive. 3. Keeping the organs of sense under restraint. E. pra intensely, yat to to endeavour, aff. naṅ .

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Prayāta (प्रयात).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Gone. 2. Removed, gone away or to a distance. 3. Deceased. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A name of Bhrigu. 2. A sleepy or lazy fellow. 3. An invasion. 4. A precipice. E. pra before, yat to endeavour, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayata (प्रयत).—[adjective] stretched or held out, far-reaching; placed upon ([locative]); offered, given, returned; restrained, composed, well-prepared, purified, pure ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayata (प्रयत):—[=pra-yata] [from pra-yam] mfn. outstretched, far-extended, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] placed upon ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] offered, presented, given, granted, bestowed, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] piously disposed, intent on devotion, well prepared for a solemn rite (with [locative case] or ifc.), ritually pure (also applied to a vessel and a place, [Āpastamba; Rāmāyaṇa]), self-subdued, dutiful, careful, prudent, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] m. a holy or pious person, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Prayāta (प्रयात):—[=pra-yāta] [from pra-yāṇa > pra-yā] mfn. set out, gone, advanced, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] arrived at, come to ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] gone or passed away, vanished, deceased, dead, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) Prāyatā (प्रायता):—[=prāya-tā] [from prāya] f.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayata (प्रयत):—[pra-yata] (taḥ) 1. m. A person purified by austerity. a. Self-subdued.

2) Prayāta (प्रयात):—[pra-yāta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Gone, removed; deceased. m. A name of Bhrigu; a lazy sleepy fellow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prayata (प्रयत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Payaya, Payāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prayāta (ಪ್ರಯಾತ):—

1) [adjective] set out; gone; advance; started to move forward on onward.

2) [adjective] having; possessing.

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Prayāta (ಪ್ರಯಾತ):—

1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಯಾಣ - [prayana -] 1.

2) [noun] a deep fissure in the earth or a narrow, deep pass between two steep heights; gorge.

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Prāyata (ಪ್ರಾಯತ):—[noun] a man who has subdued his passions.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Prayāta (प्रयात):—n. 1. invasion at night; 2. a precipice; steep rock; 3. a cascade; spring;

2) Prayāta (प्रयात):—adj. 1. advanced; gone forth; departed; 2. deceased; dead;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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