Pravrajya, Pravrajyā, Prāvrajya, Prāvrājya: 13 definitions


Pravrajya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pravrajya in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या) refers to “becoming a monk”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then, with conviction, he [i.e., Puṇyālaṃkāra] left ordinary household life behind and became a monk, and thought: ‘Giving (dāna) is the attachment of thoughts, but becoming a monk (pravrajyā) is the purification of thoughts; giving is the hindrance of body and speech, but becoming a monk is the purification of body and speech; giving is the great hindrance, but becoming a monk is eliminating all hindrances; giving is grass and leaves, but becoming a monk is obtaining essence and fruit [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pravrajya in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या) refers to “initiation” and is one of the topics treated in the Jñātādharmakathā, one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—The Jñātādharmakathā is the sixth text of the Aṅga series. The text narrates religious stories, citing examples. It deals with a multitude of topics like—the cities, gardens, auspicious installations (caityas), forests, kings, parents, samavaśaraṇas (holy conference / congregation hall), dharmācāryas (religious preceptors / leaders), religious parables, mundane and spiritual prosperity, luxury (bhoga), parityāga (sacrifice), pravrajyā (initiation), severe austerities, achieving pious death (e.g. paryāya saṃlekhanās, bhakta pratyākhyāna, pādopagamana, (going to heaven)), birth in high family, enlightenment, last-rites (antaha) of Meghakumāra etc. [...]

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravrajya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pravrajya (प्रव्रज्य).—Going abroad, migration.

Derivable forms: pravrajyam (प्रव्रज्यम्).

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Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या).—

1) Going abroad, migration.

2) Roaming, wandering about as a religious mendicant; अतश्च प्रव्रज्या- सुलभसमयाचारविमुखः । प्रसक्तस्ते यत्नः (ataśca pravrajyā- sulabhasamayācāravimukhaḥ | prasaktaste yatnaḥ) ... Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4.6.

3) The order of a religious mendicant, a mendicant's life, the fourth (or bhikṣu) order in the riligious life of a Brāhmaṇa; प्रव्रज्यां कल्पवृक्षा इवाश्रिताः (pravrajyāṃ kalpavṛkṣā ivāśritāḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.6. (where Malli. says pravrajyā means the vānaprastha or third order).

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Prāvrajya (प्राव्रज्य) or Prāvrājya (प्राव्राज्य).—

1) The life of a religious mendicant or recluse.

2) Vagrancy, wandering habit.

Derivable forms: prāvrajyam (प्राव्रज्यम्), prāvrājyam (प्राव्राज्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या).—f.

(-jyā) 1. Roaming, travelling, wandering about, as a religious mendicant especially. 2. Abandonment of the world. E. pra before, vraj to go, aff. kyap .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या).—[pra-vraj + yā], f. 1. Emigrating, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 8, 27. 2. Wandering about as a religious mendicant, Chr. 10 8; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 89 (in a dress not authorised by the Vedas, cf. [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]).

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Prāvrajya (प्राव्रज्य).—i. e. pravrajyā + a, n. Wandering as a religious menticant, Chr. 9, 42.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या).—[feminine] going abroad, emigration (also jya [neuter]); retirement into solitude, the order of a religious mendicant or ascetic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pravrajya (प्रव्रज्य):—[=pra-vrajya] [from pra-vrajana > pra-vraj] n. going abroad, migration, [Mahābhārata]

2) Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या):—[=pra-vrajyā] [from pra-vrajya > pra-vrajana > pra-vraj] f. idem, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] going forth from home (first rite of a layman wishing to become a, [Buddhist literature] monk), [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 77]

4) [v.s. ...] roaming, wandering about ([especially] as a religious mendicant, in a dress not authorized by the Veda), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] the order of a rel° m°, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira]

6) Prāvrājya (प्राव्राज्य):—[=prā-vrājya] [from prā] n. ([from] -vrāj) the life of a religious mendicant, vagrancy, [Mahābhārata] ([wrong reading] -vrajya), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या):—[pra-vrajyā] (jyā) 1. f. Roaming about.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pavvajjā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pravrajya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravrajya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pravrajya (ಪ್ರವ್ರಜ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರವ್ರಜನ - [pravrajana -] 2.

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Pravrājya (ಪ್ರವ್ರಾಜ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರವ್ರಜನ - [pravrajana -] 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pravrajya in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pravrajyā (प्रव्रज्या):—n. 1. going abroad; migration; 2. roaming; wandering about as a religious mendicant; 3. turning a recluse;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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