Pravrajita: 15 definitions
Pravrajita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Pravrajitā (प्रव्रजिता) is another name for Śrāvaṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.17-18 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Pravrajitā and Śrāvaṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित) refers to “ascetics”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Mercury should just precede that of Venus, and if Mercury should then have either disappeared or reappeared, there will be rain in the land; diseases and bilious jaundice will afflict mankind; the crops of Grīṣma will flourish; ascetics [i.e., pravrajita], persons who have performed sacrificial rites, physicians, dancers or wrestlers, horses, the Vaiśyas, cows, rulers in their chariots and all yellow objects will perish and the west will suffer”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)
Pravrajitā (प्रव्रजिता) refers to “mendicant ladies”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his ear-cavities were punched by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”; “he had used magic powders for snaring women many times on aging mendicant ladies (jarat-pravrajitā), who having arrived from other lands retired [there to rest]”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित) refers to “mendicants”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “The Buddha said: ‘In the world, there are two men hard to find (durabhisaṃbhava): i) among the mendicants (pravrajita), a definitively liberated (asamayavimukta) Bhikṣu; ii) among the householders (gṛhasthāvadātavasana), a man who knows how to practice pure generosity’. [...]”.Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित) refers to a “monk”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Son of good family, the king Puṇyālaṃkāra, having seen the Bodhisattva Siṃhavikrāntagāmin’s power of supernatural knowledges, merits and knowledges, handed over the crown to his son called Jayamati. Then, with conviction, he left ordinary household life behind and became a monk (pravrajita), and thought: ‘[...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Pravrajita.—(CII 1; LL), a Buddhist monk; an ascetic. Note: pravrajita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Pravrajitā.—(LL), a Buddhist nun. Note: pravrajitā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित).—p. p.
1) Gone abroad or into exile.
2) Turned a recluse.
-taḥ 1 A religious mendicant or ascetic in general.
2) Especially, a Brāhmaṇa who has entered on the fourth (bhikṣu) order.
3) The pupil of a Jaina or Buddhist mendicant.
-tā 1 A female ascetic.
2) A spikenard.
-tam Turning a recluse, the life of a religious mendicant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taḥ) 1. An ascetic or mendicant. 2. The pupil, or attendant of a Jaina or Bauddha mendicant. f.
(-tā) 1. A female devotee or ascetic. 2. Spikenard, (Valeriana Jatamansi) 3. A plant, commonly Mundiri, (Sphœranthus molis.) n.
(-taṃ) The life of an ascetic. E. pra before, vraj to go, aff. kta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित).—[adjective] gone abroad; [masculine] religious mendicant, ascetic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित):—[=pra-vrajita] [from pra-vrajana > pra-vraj] mfn. gone astray or abroad, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 2-3, 38]
2) [v.s. ...] run away (said of horses), [Mahābhārata]
3) [v.s. ...] (also with vanam) one who has left home to become a religious mendicant or (with Jainas) to become a monk, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
4) [v.s. ...] m. a religious mendicant or a monk, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]
5) Pravrajitā (प्रव्रजिता):—[=pra-vrajitā] [from pra-vrajita > pra-vrajana > pra-vraj] f. a female ascetic or a nun, [Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira; Kādambarī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] Nardostachys Jatamansi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] another plant (muṇḍīrī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित):—[=pra-vrajita] [from pra-vrajana > pra-vraj] n. the life of a religious mendicant, [Mahābhārata]
9) Pravrājita (प्रव्राजित):—[=pra-vrājita] [from pra-vrāj > pra-vraj] mfn. become a monk, [Divyāvadāna]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pravrajita (प्रव्रजित):—[pra-vrajita] (taḥ) 1. m. An ascetic; the pupil of a Jaina mendicant. f. (tā) Female devotee; spikenard.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Pravrajita (ಪ್ರವ್ರಜಿತ):—[adjective] going from place to place; wandering; touring.
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1) [noun] a wandering, religious ascetic.
2) [noun] the state or life of an ascetic who has renounced the worldly life in search of spiritual life.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Pravrajitasamvara.
Full-text (+27): Pravrajika, Pavvaia, Pravrajyapadavi, Pavvaviya, Kumarapravrajita, Gahastha, Yadapi, Mundiri, Upasampadayati, Supravrajita, Deti, Devatatika, Parishincana, Oshadhi, Anunayika, Shravani, Vyavasanata, Uttarakuru, Nityotkshiptahasta, Maitreya.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Pravrajita, Pra-vrajita, Pra-vrajitā, Pra-vrājita, Pravrajitā, Pravrājita; (plurals include: Pravrajitas, vrajitas, vrajitās, vrājitas, Pravrajitās, Pravrājitas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 3 - Explanation of the word Bhikṣu < [Chapter VI - The Great Bhikṣu Saṃgha]
Act 9.7: Samantaraśmi starts his journey to the Sahā universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Section II.2 - Morality of the monastic or pravrajita < [Chapter XXII - The Nature of Morality]
Prasthanatrayi Swaminarayan Bhashyam (Study) (by Sadhu Gyanananddas)
9. Dikṣā (2): Dikṣita Renunciate’s Niyamas < [Chapter 4 - Analysis on the Basis of Spiritual Endeavour]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 23 - The Superintendent of Weaving < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 28 - The Superintendent of Ships < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 20 - Gambling and Betting and Miscellaneous Offences < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita (by Nayana Sharma)