Praudha, Prauḍha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Praudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Prauḍha (प्रौढ, “mature”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., prauḍha—mature], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Prauḍhā (प्रौढा) refers to “having ripened (one’s wisdom)”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “With true devotion I worship that divine and omnipresent Śārikā, who bears the crescent moon on her head, who grants liberation, destroys delusion everywhere, destroys the bad fear of meeting a wrong death. O mother Śārikā, whoever devotedly recites your tāra-syllable, which carries one across the ocean of transmigration, may, when his wisdom is ripened through the knowledge of the absolute (brahmajñāna-prauḍhā), even put to shame the Lord of the Word. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prauḍha (प्रौढ) refers to the “prime (of one’s youth)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to the Gods: “[...] Make such arrangements as to ensure the discharge of semen into Pārvatī, the daughter of Menakā. Śiva is a great Yogin who can make semen flow upwards in the body. Only Pārvatī can make him discharge the semen downwards, out of the body. There is no other woman capable of it. That daughter of the lord of the mountains is now in her prime of youth [i.e., prauḍha-yauvanā]. She is serving Śiva in his penance on the Himalayas. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Praudha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Prauḍha (प्रौढ) refers to “strong (minded)”, according to the Mokṣopāya.—Accordingly: “[He is] known as Bhuśuṇḍa [because] his long life is known throughout the world. He is strong-minded (prauḍha-mānasa) because he has seen the coming and going of the Ages [of the world], and he is exhausted counting the successions of cycles in each cosmic period”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Prauḍha (प्रौढ) refers to one of the various mantradoṣa (“defects of mantras”), according to Tantric digests such as the Bṛhattantrasāra (part 4 page 814), Nāradapurāṇa (Nārada-mahā-purāṇa) (verses 64.14-58), Śaradātilaka (verses 2.71-108), Padārthādarśa and Śrīvidyārṇava-tantra.—Prauḍha is defined as “mantra consisting of 14 syllables”. [unverified translation!] The Mantra defect elimination methods consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra).—See Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.

context information

Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prauḍha (प्रौढ).—a (S) Full-grown, matured, confirmed, perfected--the body, the mind: also attrib. the person. 2 fig. Dignified, venerable, respectable: also great, grand, illustrious--a person: ornate, elegant, elevated--diction: polite, genteel, courtly--manners.

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prauḍhā (प्रौढा).—f S A woman from thirty years of age to fifty-five. See bālā & mugghā. 2 A description of the Nayaka or mistress, a woman of impetuous desires.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prauḍha (प्रौढ).—a Full-grown, matured. Dignified, respectable. Great. Ornate.

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prauḍhā (प्रौढा).—f A woman from thirty years of age to fifty-five.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ).—a. [pra+vah-kta vā vṛddhiḥ]

1) Full-grown, fully developed, matured, ripened, perfected, full, (as moon &c.); प्रौढपुष्पैः कदम्बैः (prauḍhapuṣpaiḥ kadambaiḥ) Meghadūta 25; प्रौढताली- विपाण्डु (prauḍhatālī- vipāṇḍu) &c. Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8.1;9.28.

2) Adult, old, grown up; वर्तते हि मन्मथप्रौढसुहृदो निशीथस्य यौवनश्रीः (vartate hi manmathaprauḍhasuhṛdo niśīthasya yauvanaśrīḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 8; Śiśupālavadha 11.39; Mv.6.4.

3) Thick, dense, pitchy; प्रौढं तमः कुरु कृतज्ञतयैव भद्रम् (prauḍhaṃ tamaḥ kuru kṛtajñatayaiva bhadram) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7.3; Śiśupālavadha 4.62.

4) Grand, mighty, strong, magnificent; प्रौढं विक्रान्तमासीद् वन इव भवतां शूरशून्ये रणेऽस्मिन् (prauḍhaṃ vikrāntamāsīd vana iva bhavatāṃ śūraśūnye raṇe'smin) Ve.5.37.

5) Violent, impetuous.

7) Proud; अस्त्रदानाद्भुतं काले प्रौढेन मुनिना कृतम् (astradānādbhutaṃ kāle prauḍhena muninā kṛtam) Mv.2.3.

8) Luxuriant.

9) Married.

1) Full of, filled with (at the end of comp).

11) Raised or lifted up.

12) Controverted, discussed.

13) Large, great.

14) Occupied, engaged; कान्तया सपदि कोऽप्युपगूढः प्रौढपाणिरपनेतुमियेष (kāntayā sapadi ko'pyupagūḍhaḥ prauḍhapāṇirapanetumiyeṣa) Śiśupālavadha 1.73.

-ḍhā A bold and grown-up woman, no longer bashful or timid in the presence of her lord, one of the four principal female characters in poetic compositions; आषोडशाद्भवे- द्बाला त्रिंशता तरुणी मता । पञ्चपञ्चशता प्रौढा भवेद् वृद्धा ततः परम् (āṣoḍaśādbhave- dbālā triṃśatā taruṇī matā | pañcapañcaśatā prauḍhā bhaved vṛddhā tataḥ param) || Ratimañjarī.

See also (synonyms): proḍha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ) or Proḍha.—mfn.

(-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Full-grown. 2. Confident, bold, arrogant. 3. Impudent. 4. Full-grown, (as the moon.) 5. Thick, heavy, (darkness, &c.) 6. Forward, (as the hand to seize any thing.) 7. Raised, lifted up. 8. Controverted. 9. Old. 10. Married. f.

(-ḍhā) 1. A woman from thirty years of age to fifty-five. 2. A description of the Nayika or mistress, a woman whose feelings are violent or impetuous, or one who is not in any awe of her lover or husband. E. pra before, vaha to bear, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ).—see pra-vah.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ).—[adjective] grown up, full-grown, mature, developed; adult, buxom (woman), confident, bold; great, mighty, strong; full of, rich in (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prauḍha (प्रौढ):—[from pra-vah] a See sub voce

2) b mfn. ([from] pra + ūḍha, √vah) raised or lifted up (See -pāda)

3) grown up, full-grown, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) mature, middle-aged (as a woman; in [Subhāṣitāvali] bālā, taruṇī, prauḍha and vṛddhā are distinguished; cf. f. below)

5) married, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) luxuriant (as a plant), [Bhartṛhari; Kāvyādarśa]

7) large, great, mighty, strong, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

8) violent, impetuous (as love), [Prabodha-candrodaya; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) thick, dense (as darkness), [Mālatīmādhava]

10) full (as the moon), [Horace H. Wilson]

11) (ifc.) filled with, full of (See mṛdu-pr)

12) proud, arrogant, confident, bold, audacious, impudent ([especially] said of a woman), [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) controverted, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) m. (in music) Name of one of the Rūpakas

15) (with Śāktas) Name of one of the 7 Ullāsas

16) n. (with brāhmaṇa) = tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa, [Sāyaṇa]

17) Prauḍhā (प्रौढा):—[from prauḍha] f. a married woman from 30 to 55 years of age, [Horace H. Wilson]

18) [v.s. ...] a violent or impetuous woman (described as a Nāyikā who stands in no awe of her lover or husband), [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ):—[prau+ḍha] (ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) a. Full grown, married; confident, forward; dark; old; controverted. f. A woman from 30 to 55; a mistress.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prauḍha (प्रौढ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Poḍha, Poḍhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Praudha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Praudha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prauḍha (प्रौढ):—(a) mature, full-grown; adult; -[matādhikāra] adult franchise; -[śikṣā] adult education.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prauḍha (ಪ್ರೌಢ):—

1) [adjective] fully grown; well developed; matured.

2) [adjective] strong; vehement; intense.

3) [adjective] having or characterised by speed or force of motion; vehement.

4) [adjective] having or showing much knowledge, critical ability; scholarly; erudite.

5) [adjective] married; espoused.

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Prauḍha (ಪ್ರೌಢ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being scholarly, erudite; scholarship.

2) [noun] a man who has crossed youth and is mature in thinking and analysis.

3) [noun] he who has mature knowledge; a scholar.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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