Pratyakhyana, Pratyākhyāna: 14 definitions


Pratyakhyana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratyakhyan.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—Rejection of a rule or a word or words in a rule shown as redundant, their purpose being shown as served otherwise; cf. लुपि युक्तवद् व्यक्तिवचने इति पूर्वाचार्याणामेवेदं सूत्रम् । तथा चास्य प्रत्याख्यानं भविष्यति । तदशिष्यं संज्ञाप्रमाणत्वादिति । (lupi yuktavad vyaktivacane iti pūrvācāryāṇāmevedaṃ sūtram | tathā cāsya pratyākhyānaṃ bhaviṣyati | tadaśiṣyaṃ saṃjñāpramāṇatvāditi |) Kas. on I.2.51.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Jainism glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान) refers to “renunciation of evil deeds”, and represents a Jaina technical term mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Note: Pratyākhyāna can be partial (sākāra) or absolute (nirakāra). See Williams 1959 p. 209; Balbir 1986 p. 43.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—n S Rejection, refutation, disallowal, denial.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—

1) Repulse, rejection; प्रत्याख्यानाच्च भीतैस्त्वम् (pratyākhyānācca bhītaistvam) Rām.7.9.8.

2) Denial, refusal, disavowal; निकृष्ट- जातिसंसर्गवैक्लव्यात् प्रत्याख्यानपारुष्यम् (nikṛṣṭa- jātisaṃsargavaiklavyāt pratyākhyānapāruṣyam) Daśakumāracarita 2.3.

3) Disregard.

4) Reproach.

5) Refutation.

Derivable forms: pratyākhyānam (प्रत्याख्यानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Rejection, refutation, disallowance, disregard. 2. Denial, refusal. 3. Reproach. E. prati reverse, āṅ before, khyā to say and lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—i. e. prati-ā-khyā + ana, n. 1. Rejection. 2. Refusing, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 12, M.M.; denial. 3. Reproach.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान).—[neuter] refusal, rejection, refutation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान):—[=praty-ākhyāna] [from pratyā-khyā] mfn. conquered, overcome (as a passion), [Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

2) [v.s. ...] n. rejection, refusal, denial, disallowance, repulse, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] counteracting, combating (of feelings etc.), [Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

4) [v.s. ...] non-admittance, refutation, [Śaṃkarācārya]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Jaina [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान):—[pratyā+khyāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Rejection; denial.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paccakkhāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratyakhyana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratyākhyāna (प्रत्याख्यान) [Also spelled pratyakhyan]:—(nm) repudiation, refutation, rebuttal; ~[khyāta] repudiated, refuted, rebutted.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyakhyana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratyakhyāna (ಪ್ರತ್ಯಖ್ಯಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act of rejecting, refusing or denying; rejection; refusal.

2) [noun] (jain.) a willful abstention from commiting a sin or sins or from taking food for certain period of time.

3) [noun] (jain.) one of the twenty eight actions that bind the soul to the mundane world.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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