Pratirupa, Pratirūpā, Pratirūpa, Prati-rupa: 10 definitions


Pratirupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratirupa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—An asura (demon). This demon who held sway over all the worlds also died. His story was told to illustrate that there was an end to all lives. (Śloka 53, Chapter 227, Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—A daughter of Maru and wife of Kimpuruṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratirupa in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप) refers to a class of bhūta deities according to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara traditions of Jainism. The bhūtas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas).

The deities such as the Pratirūpas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

2) Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप) is the wife of Abhicandra, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambara names his wife as Śrīmati. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (eg., Pratirūpā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Pratirupa (प्रतिरुप) refers to one of the two Indras (lords) of the Bhūta class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itself a main division of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.6. Pratirupa and Svarupa are the two lords in the class ‘devil’ peripatetic celestial beings.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratirupa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n (S) An image or a picture; any resemblance of a real form.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratirupa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—a.

1) corresponding, similar, having a counter-part in; अग्निर्यथैको भुवनं प्रविष्टो रूपं रूपं प्रतिरूपो बभूव (agniryathaiko bhuvanaṃ praviṣṭo rūpaṃ rūpaṃ pratirūpo babhūva) Kaṭh.2.2.9.

2) beautiful.

3) suitable, proper; इदं न प्रतिरूपं ते स्त्रीष्वदाक्षिण्यमीदृशम् (idaṃ na pratirūpaṃ te strīṣvadākṣiṇyamīdṛśam) Bu. Ch.4.66; आत्मनः प्रतिरूपं सा बभाषे चारुहासिनी (ātmanaḥ pratirūpaṃ sā babhāṣe cāruhāsinī) Rām.4. 19.17.

4) facing (abhimukha); प्रतिरूपं जनं कुर्यान्न चेत् तद् वर्तते यथा (pratirūpaṃ janaṃ kuryānna cet tad vartate yathā) Mb.12.97.16 (com. pratirūpaṃ yuddhābhimukham). (-pam) 1 a picture, an image, a likeness.

2) a mirror-like reflecting object; अदर्शनं स्वशिरसः प्रतिरूपे च सत्यपि (adarśanaṃ svaśirasaḥ pratirūpe ca satyapi) Bhāg. 1.42.28.

4) an object of comparison (upamāna); भवान्मे खलु भक्तानां सर्वेषां प्रतिरूपधृक् (bhavānme khalu bhaktānāṃ sarveṣāṃ pratirūpadhṛk) Bhāg.7.1.21.

Pratirūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and rūpa (रूप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n.

(-paṃ) A picture, an image, the counterpart of any real form. Adj. Corresponding, suitable, proper. E. prati against, rūpa form; also with kan added, pratirūpaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—1. [neuter] counterpart, image, model.

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Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—2. [adjective] similar, corresponding, suitable.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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